Girls are very often afraid that they become pregnant and try to identify it by different symptoms, even wind themselves up and thus cause even more fear. But by what signs can determine pregnancy? For example, the delay of menstruation always indicates pregnancy or may happen for other reasons !? Often, before the expected menses, there is a strange nausea in the morning and heaviness in the mammary glands, and against the background of all this – increased sensitivity to external stimuli and even odors. Animal hunger appears and you want to eat everything, your usual diet instantly gets lost, and you start to eat even in the middle of the night. He also suffers from frequent urination … All this causes discomfort, therefore it is impossible to walk with friends, and study or work is terribly exhausting and causes intense irritation.
Of course, all these symptoms can talk about pregnancy, and can only indicate the approach of menstruation. In addition, during pregnancy, the state of health may remain normal, but the delay in menstruation will still be present. We will consider the most common ways to check if a girl is pregnant, but a reliable result can only be obtained after visiting a doctor and conducting the necessary tests and examinations. Of course, you should not go to the hospital because of 7-10 days of delay, wait for menstruation.
What we consider below:
13 signs of early pregnancy
1. Strange discharge
Very often implant bleeding occurs, which leaves a yellow or brown mark on the panties and makes the girls believe in premature menstruation. All this is due to the fact that the embryo attaches to the uterus, and within a week or two there can be scarce short bleeding. But this process does not always cause bleeding.
2. Basal temperature increases
Implant sticking is one of the signs of pregnancy. It is necessary to monitor the basal temperature throughout the cycle. A few days after conception, an imperceptible decrease in temperature for one day occurs. And there are only two reasons for this, namely, in the second phase, the hormone progesterone is secreted with difficulty, and it is he who is responsible for the temperature increase. And if you become pregnant, its production increases and resumes, and for this reason a temperature jump occurs and the condition worsens. The second reason is to increase estrogen, which tend to reduce the temperature. Therefore, a signal of pregnancy may be a decrease in basal temperature for one day, two weeks before the expected monthly and stable basal temperature of 37 degrees on the days of the expected monthly.
It is necessary to measure the basal temperature in the morning, immediately after waking up and not getting out of bed. The thermometer is inserted either into the vagina or into the anus. Choose one of the ways to measure basal temperature and always use it only.
Can increase and normal body temperature. Do not try to bring down the temperature, it will not bring a positive result. In this case, it is better to take off your warm clothes and put on something light, it is desirable to ventilate the room, try to avoid physical exertion. Very often, such a condition is a consequence of both pregnancy and nervous overstrain, so this condition should not be considered a 100% symptom of pregnancy.
3. Chronic fatigue
Girls often get scared if they have intercourse, and after it fatigue lasts for several days. Pregnancy can not be felt at this time, even if it happened. Only 2 weeks after conception the appearance of the first symptoms of pregnancy is possible.
4. Frequent urge to urinate
One of the indirect symptoms of pregnancy. The first trimester of pregnancy may be accompanied by frequent urination, as the uterus increases and puts pressure on the bladder, besides progesterone affects the urinary tone so that it relaxes and causes the urge to urinate. But if there are pains and cramps when going to the toilet, then this can be the result of cystitis – a very unpleasant infectious disease. With cystitis jokes are bad, it is better to cure its initial stage than to fight the chronic.
5. Increase breast sensitivity
Two weeks after conception, strange and very strong breast sensitivity may appear. Sometimes the chest reacts to any tiny touch, it also sometimes swells and constantly hurts. But even before menstruation in many piles, it behaves in the same way. Therefore, do not immediately panic.
6. Emotional fluctuations
The girl may experience a sharp change of mood. All this is due to hormones, because the “hormonal war” begins. This is quite normal during pregnancy, but also before menstruation can also change hormones, and with it the mood (increases irritability and apathy).
7. Discomfort in the lower back
Lumbago and back pain may indicate the initial stage of pregnancy. If there is also blood daub, as well as nagging pain in the lower abdomen, then it is necessary to conduct a pregnancy test. During this period, he can already show whether the girl is in a position or not. If the test shows the 2nd strips, then most likely there is a threat of miscarriage. If the test shows one strip, then it went monthly.
Uterine pains are unstable, but if they begin, they cover the lower abdomen. The pain is the same as during menstruation. But if after conception you started having terrible pains in the uterus, and then blood began to flow, this indicates a miscarriage or a frozen fetus.
9. The uterus increases
In the first trimester, it is completely unnoticeable, but an increase in the uterus occurs from the very beginning of the delay of the menstrual cycle. Only a gynecologist can determine an increase in the uterus, and only 2 weeks after the delay can make a diagnosis. In addition to an increase in the uterus, a blue hue of the labia, cervix and vagina is observed.
Even if the uterus does not increase, an incomprehensible increase in the abdomen can be felt. Intestinal distention occurs, and the fact is that during pregnancy, progesterone levels increase, which slows digestion. Food is digested for a long time and there is increased gas formation, because of this bloating and an increase in the abdomen.
11. Failure in the menstrual cycle
It is because of the delay in the monthly girls go to the pharmacy to buy a pregnancy test. The test may give an incorrect result (in fact, there will be a pregnancy, but the test will show one strip) if the girl performed it early. The test is able to show the second strip two weeks after conception. If a girl has had sex once in the last two weeks, then it is safe to conduct a test 2 weeks after intercourse. But then after the test you need to protect condoms as much as before the onset of menstruation. The fact is that the delay in menstruation may occur due to the usual hormonal failure. Menstruation may shift slightly, and then ovulation occurs later. And just in ovulation conception occurs, if there was unprotected sexual intercourse.
If the girl had several sexual acts from which pregnancy can occur, then it is necessary to count from the last 2 weeks and only then to carry out the test. Just no one can tell you what kind of sexual intercourse could be decisive. But if they went monthly, the pregnancy did not come.
All of the above symptoms do not guarantee the presence of an “interesting position”; this is just an assumption and the most common signs. But the most frequent symptoms are as follows:
- The absence of menstruation in a girl of childbearing age, living an unprotected sex life (interrupted sexual intercourse is a very unreliable method of protection from unwanted pregnancy).
- Cyanotic coloration of the labia and vaginal walls (seen when examined by a gynecologist in the mirrors). Increasing the size of the uterus and chest, pulling pain in the uterus and a small blood smear from the vagina.
Exact Definition of Pregnancy
The old methods of determination have long been irrelevant, over the years, experts have begun to more subtly study the woman’s body, and therefore it is not so difficult to determine pregnancy as it seems at first glance. Doctors studied the biochemical changes in the body of expectant mothers, and based on the reactions of the body, pregnancy can be successfully diagnosed. Experiments and research were conducted for many years, constantly endured the final result and made conclusions after the surveys, so the database stores a lot of symptoms based on immunological and biochemical studies.
Basically, each method involves determining pregnancy through urine and blood tests, and if the test contains human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the woman is in a position with a probability of 100%. A week after conception, this hormone begins to be produced in the body, so we can state the birth of a little life. Therefore, a woman can donate venous blood for hCG in any independent laboratory, and learn about pregnancy within a week from the moment of conception.
At the moment, women around the world most often use home pregnancy tests from different manufacturers. Their action is very simple and understandable to everyone. The indicator strip is dipped into the urine for several tens of seconds, and conclusions can be drawn depending on the number of lanes. But in the urine, hCG, which gives the second strip on the test, appears only 2 weeks after conception, when it can be detected in the blood from the first week of pregnancy.
Ultrasound is very affordable and effective. With the help of ultrasound, you can detect pregnancy in the third week from conception. An ultrasound scan will show the ovum in the uterus, which has a diameter of about a few millimeters. This is a very fast and reliable way, so it is advisable to give preference to it, but it makes no sense to go for it if the test does not show the second bar. After all, if the test could not catch the pregnancy, then nothing will be visible on the ultrasound.
At the moment, it is not difficult to diagnose pregnancy, but it is preferable not to do tests at home and not be frightened by the results seen. It is worth remembering that the test result may be unreliable, and you just survive the emotional shock and once again nervous. Often, the girls see the second strip, which is faintly perceptible to their eyes, and they consider this a pregnancy. In such cases, you need to re-test after 3-4 days. If there is a pregnancy, the second bar will be a little brighter. Then again it is necessary to carry out the test in a few days, until the second strip becomes clearly visible. If this does not happen, then most likely there is no pregnancy or you started testing very early.
Determination of gestational age
It is not difficult to determine the duration of pregnancy, below we present several common methods.
- Definition of the menstrual cycle. Term of pregnancy is counted from the first day of the last menstrual period. This is called obstetric gestational age. The term from conception will be 2-3 weeks less.
- The term can be determined by ultrasound. When the fetal egg is visible in the uterus, the uzist measures its size and tells the obstetric gestational age. If you want to know when the conception took place, then subtract 2 weeks from this period.
- Go through obstetric examination, which will determine the position and size of the uterus. The uterus gradually increases from the moment of conception, after six weeks it will increase slightly, and after another two weeks it will be the size of your fist. At week 12, the uterus reaches the size of a grapefruit, and at 16 its bottom rises 7 centimeters above the pubic bone. If you are in the 20th week of pregnancy, the uterus will be just two fingers below the navel, and in the 24th week the uterus is at the level of the navel. Further, at week 27, its bottom is three centimeters above the navel. At 32 weeks, the uterus is six centimeters above the navel, and 40 fingers four fingers below the ribs.
Remember that the duration of this period is 40 weeks, to put it differently – 10 obstetric months. The countdown must begin from the first day of the last menstrual period. There are three main periods:
- first trimester lasts up to 13 weeks;
- second trimester from 13 to 27 weeks;
- the third trimester lasts from 27 to 40 weeks.
Throughout all periods there is a stable development of a mature fetus from a fertilized egg, which quickly adapts to the womb. Childbirth can begin before the estimated date. Normally, birth occurs at an average of 40 obstetric weeks. But the child is considered mature and can be asked to the world and at 37 weeks. It is also considered normal if the childbirth did not occur at 40 weeks, and took place at 41 weeks (you can follow up to 42 weeks).
We told you in detail about all the symptoms of pregnancy, but if you notice one or several symptoms in yourself – do not hesitate, pass a medical examination. We also recommend reading our articles: how to find out the sex of the unborn child and signs of pregnant women! Take care of yourself!