An admixture of bright red blood in the vomitus indicates bleeding from the esophagus. Vomiting, reminiscent of ground coffee, occurs after a change in blood under the action of gastric or intestinal juices.
Coffee-colored vomiting can also occur after eating chocolate or other foods. In this case, the presence of blood can be confirmed by chemical analysis. Therefore, if you suspect that the vomit contains blood, they should be kept until the arrival of the doctor.
The most common causes of vomiting blood
Hernia of the esophageal opening
The hiatus hernia is a common cause of bloody vomiting in children. The blood in this case has the appearance of streaks in vomit. Help: the child should be shown to the district pediatrician.
Bleeding from the veins of the esophagus
The admixture of fresh blood in vomiting often occurs when the veins of the esophagus dilate and rupture. This happens in children with abnormal development of the vessels of the liver or spleen, as well as suffering from cirrhosis of the liver. Blood streaks can also appear in vomit after strained vomiting, when small ruptures of the esophageal mucosa occur.
Foreign body in the esophagus
A nail, a pin, a sharp bone, a piece of glass, if accidentally swallowed, can damage the esophagus and cause bleeding. Help: the same as in the previous case.
With a strong mental stress, and sometimes after infectious diseases or aspirin administration, bleeding sores can appear on the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. In this case, vomiting acquires the appearance of coffee grounds.
Vomiting of blood can be a symptom of the disease:
First aid for vomiting blood
If hematemesis is not the result of recent nosebleeds, immediately call an ambulance. Expecting the arrival of medical workers, lay down the patient and lift his legs. The patient may be very agitated. Try to calm him down. If you know where the source of the bleeding is, apply direct pressure to stop the blood.
If there is a lot of blood in the vomit, there is a danger of blood loss. Cold wet skin, dizziness, rapid pulse means that the shock has already come. Expecting the arrival of help, lay the patient, better with his legs raised – this will ensure the maximum flow of blood containing oxygen to the brain.
Doctors compensate for the loss of fluid in order to maintain the patient’s blood pressure. The hospital continues measures to stabilize the patient’s condition: blood transfusions, oxygen supply and control of the ability of the blood to carry oxygen. When the patient’s condition stabilizes, the contents of the stomach can be pumped out. The doctor will insert a thin tube called an endoscope into the digestive system to determine the location and intensity of the bleeding.
Which doctors should be treated for vomiting blood:
Questions and answers on the topic "Vomiting blood"
Question: My two-year-old daughter has a bad cold, a stuffy nose, "wet" cough. Since she herself does not know how to get rid of sputum accumulated in her throat, for the second night she is tearing up with a transparent mucous liquid mixed with nodules of brown coagulated blood. Today she vomited while eating, and again there were brown bloody nodules. We called a doctor and did a fluorography – nothing in the lungs. Five days ago, she swallowed the plum stone, but it seemed to me that the bone had lined up for a long time in a natural way. Otherwise, the daughter is all right. She does not refuse to eat, sleeps, plays, laughs, the temperature is normal. Do I need to sound the alarm? What is the reason for this phenomenon? Thank you very much.
Answer: Be sure to consult with a gasroenterologist.
Question: After eating, I felt heavy and mild pain in the stomach, nauseous. An hour later, he decided to induce vomiting and went to the toilet. The release of the mass passed in several stages and the last selection was stained with blood. What measures to take? Is it serious? A year ago there was abdominal pain and heaviness, I was diagnosed with gastritis with a predisposition to an ulcer. I took a course of antibiotics and after that there were no problems.
Answer: Go to a gastroenterologist. Make fibrogastroscopy.
Question: Good afternoon. I am 32 years old. After food poisoning with vomiting, I saw some blood. The stomach does not hurt only weakness in the whole body from poisoning. Please tell me what is the matter. Thank.
Answer: If this happened to you for the first time and it was only minor bleeding, but not massive bleeding after vomiting, then most likely it could be due to irritation of the throat or esophagus after prolonged vomiting. It is recommended to conduct X-ray examination to exclude the presence of a foreign body in the esophagus. Also, such a condition can be caused due to irritation of the mucous membrane of the esophagus or the stomach, in which case a sparing diet is important, excluding alcohol, smoking, caffeine, spicy and fatty foods. Acceptance of antacids. For more detailed advice, consult a physician, since the data you provided is not enough for a diagnosis.
Question: Hello! My friend has been drinking alcohol for over 20 years, and here he recently got very drunk. After vomiting, he saw that she was covered in blood and even a little dark color. Tell me what it could mean and what to do? At the same time, he was already observed by a doctor with a diagnosis of gastroduodenitis.
Answer: Dark-colored vomiting of blood can be a manifestation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer complicated by bleeding from an ulcer. As soon as possible you need to seek qualified medical assistance in a hospital. Along with a general examination (general and biochemical blood test and urinalysis), fibrogastroduodenoscopy will be required to clarify the diagnosis, as well as an ultrasound of the abdominal organs. Based on the inspection data and after analyzing the results of the examination, the attending physician will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and agree on further treatment tactics with the patient.