Causes of vomiting in a child can be very different. The most common cause is pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. If the child is quite small, vomiting may accompany regurgitation, so it is very difficult to distinguish what it is. This may be due to overeating or food intolerance. If this happens rarely, then no intervention is needed.
The second reason, which often causes vomiting in a child, may be an intestinal infection or simply intolerance to any food. If vomiting comes along with a rash, then the child, depending on age, must be given an antihistamine (after the stomach has been completely emptied). It is advisable at this stage to consult a pediatrician about the further nutrition of the child. In general, it is believed that if the infection is not severe, then no special treatment is necessary. You just need to give the stomach and intestines free from toxins, the main thing while giving plenty of drink. If vomiting does not stop and at the same time the child begins to lose weight, then it is necessary to call a doctor. Moreover, the doctor should be called when vomiting is also accompanied by high fever. As in young children, this condition may require urgent hospitalization. This is due to the fact that the parents themselves are not able to replenish the liquid lost by the kid, and this can be done only with the help of a dropper. If necessary, antibacterial drugs are also administered in the dropper.
Vomiting after eating in a child can be caused by anatomical disruption of the esophagus or in another way pyloric stenosis. This problem can be solved only with the help of surgical intervention.
There is another condition similar to pyloric stenosis, which is called pylorospasm. This option is most often observed in children who were born prematurely and who did not have time to mature the central nervous system. Or in children who have this system was affected during childbirth or during pregnancy. In this case, the treatment should be carried out by a neurologist.
Vomiting after eating in a child can also be caused by a disease or brain injury. In this case, after vomiting does not become easier, as is usually the case with gastrointestinal upset.
Vomiting after eating in a child aged 4-5 years can begin suddenly against the background of the child’s absolute health. Such attacks of vomiting may be associated with the formation and action of ketone bodies on the child’s brain. Often, vomiting can be a consequence of the consumption of fat in large quantities. For example, if a child eats a lot of cream, ice cream, butter and other fats. Thus, the pancreas can not fully digest all the incoming fat. Ketone bodies in a child can appear even when the fat child decides to lose weight dramatically. When the body stops receiving the necessary amount of nutrients, it begins to burn fat, as a result, ketone bodies appear and vomiting occurs.
Perhaps for many it will be a discovery that vomiting after eating a child may be neuro-psychological in nature. A similar reaction occurs on a variety of stimuli. For example, for young children, such an irritant may be the departure of parents or the appearance of a stranger. For older children, it is anguish, some kind of fear or unwillingness to do something (sometimes the child doesn’t even know what it is). In such situations, you need to seek help from a pediatric neurologist, sometimes a pediatric psychotherapist.
Let’s summarize: if your child began to vomit after eating, do not rush to take him to the doctor. If this happened once, perhaps the child just ate something wrong. If vomiting is repeated, then it is better to consult a pediatrician or other specialists to find out the true nature of vomiting.