Smecta is one of the modern and affordable antidiarrheal drugs with an adsorbing effect. At the moment, doctors consider this medicine to be a fast-acting remedy to stop diarrhea of any origin, both in adults and in children. In addition, this drug reduces painful sensations in the liquid stool and other pain associated with malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract.
Smectu is produced in paper laminated bags in the form of a powder, intended for the preparation of a solution, and in the form of a finished suspension.
Description and composition
Powder Smekta grayish-yellow or gray-white color with a slight vanilla or orange smell. The drug is intended for the preparation of a drinking solution. The finished suspension is thick, pasty, white-gray or gray-blue in color with the taste of caramel and cocoa. The drug is available in doses, in special bags, packaged in 3 grams.
Smekta powder consists of such active substances as: dioctahedral smectite – 3 g., Glucose, sodium saccharin, flavoring “vanilla” or “orange.”
In the form of a suspension, Smecta consists of dioctahedral smectite – 3 g, caramel cocoa flavoring, xanthan gum, citric acid, ascorbic acid, potassium sorbate, sucralose.
In pharmacology, the drug Smecta refers to a group of drugs that are prescribed for use in disorders of the stomach and intestines, to eliminate heartburn, diarrhea, relieve pain symptoms, and colic in newborns.
Indications for use
Smecta is considered the safest drug used in diarrhea and other disorders. Pediatricians can appoint it to children, starting from infancy.
The drug used in the form of a suspension or solution is used in the following cases:
- When nausea, vomiting associated with food poisoning.
- With allergic, medicinal or chronic diarrhea.
- When diarrhea is caused by taking a course of antibiotics that provoke reproduction of conditionally pathogenic bacteria in the intestine.
- In case of severe intestinal infectious diseases caused by various pathogens, for example, E. coli, cholera, dysentery, salmonellosis, and so on.
- When diarrhea associated with poor-quality food poisoning.
- To alleviate the painful symptoms in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract (flatulence, bloating, heartburn, discomfort in the intestinal region).
- With colic in infants.
Unique medicinal properties of Smekta are scientifically proven and confirmed by numerous studies. The drug is able to remove up to 85% of pathogenic causative agents of diarrhea from the human intestine. In addition to its enterosorbing properties, Smecta has a positive effect, replenishing the body with the necessary composition of sodium, potassium, magnesium. Increasing the amount and density of mucus when taking Smecta has a beneficial effect on the walls of the stomach, protects against the negative effects of toxins and irritants.
Organic sugars are present in the composition of the drug; therefore, Smectu is not recommended for use with fructose intolerance, with sucrose-isomalt insufficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption, and with hypersensitivity to orange, vanilla, caramel absorber.
The drug is contraindicated in case of intestinal obstruction and severe constipation.
Dosage and administration
Doctors prescribe Smecta not only for adults but also for children from infancy. Babies diluted the contents of one package in 50 ml. warm water. If at a time the child can not drink this amount of suspension, then it can be given in several doses, while watching the condition of the baby. The drug must be diluted immediately before use, the diluted mixture can not be stored for a long time, a maximum of 16 hours in the refrigerator in a closed container.
Smecta in the form of a finished suspension is well perceived by babies of infancy and children of 1-2 years old, since the small dosage of the drug is easily swallowed, has a pleasant taste.
With severe diarrhea, Smecta is taken 3 times a day for three days. Smecta refers to enterosorbing drugs, so the best effect can be achieved by taking it between meals.
The dosage of the drug and the duration of treatment does not depend on the weight or age of the person. The doctor prescribes the amount of medication based on the severity of the poisoning, intestinal infection or allergic reaction. Usually, 1-2 sachets are given for a single dose 2-3 times a day, the duration of treatment is from 3 to 7 days.
With severe diarrhea, children of the first year of life are prescribed Smecta in the form of a suspension in 1 packet 2 times a day. After the age of up to 7 years old, children can take up to 4 packages per day for 3 days, adults up to 6 packages.
In case of other diseases, for example, an allergic reaction, children up to one year old can be given 1 sachet per day, children under 2 years old can take 2 sachets per day, children over 2 years old and up to 3 sachets per day.
Since Smecta has potent adsorption properties, it is not recommended to be taken with other drugs, since their medicinal effect is minimized.
Most often reception Smekta prescribe honey meals. Babies who are bottle-fed give Smecta in the form of a prepared suspension or dilute the powder in 50 ml. warm boiled water or infant formula. Children from 6 months who receive supplements, Smektu can be diluted with a weak broth, fruit or vegetable puree, other semi-liquid food.
It should be remembered that with severe diarrhea, the whole body is quickly dehydrated, so children, like adults, need to drink plenty of warm boiled water.
Despite the fact that Smektu is used not only for diarrhea, but also for allergic reactions, often the drug can also provoke allergies in children. The composition of the active ingredient of the drug includes absorbers vanilla, orange, cocoa, caramel, which can cause allergies. Fructose, which is part of Smekta, often causes reddening of the skin, flaking and itching. With prolonged use, Smecta can begin constipation. In case of intestinal obstruction and severe constipation, Smektu doctors are not prescribed.
Interaction with other drugs
Smecta refers to enterosorbing drugs, so when it is taken decreases the speed and absorption of other drugs. Doctors do not recommend giving children other medicines along with smectas.
Smektu’s parents need to be given with caution to children suffering from frequent constipation. If its use is necessary, then it is necessary to observe a strict interval between food intake and the preparation in 1-2 hours.
For any intestinal disorders, severe diarrhea, including with blood, vomiting or fever, you must first call an ambulance to find out the exact diagnosis and get an appointment. Self-medication is not allowed.
It is not recommended to take Smektu on its own, as for any disease it is necessary to consult a doctor. When prescribing children Smekta pediatrician, it is important to consider the child’s age, possible allergic reactions, contraindications to use.
Children should be given to Smekt strictly according to instructions, having received an appointment with a pediatrician.
The drug should be stored out of reach of children, at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees. Do not use after 3 years from the date of release of the powder. The diluted suspension should not be stored for more than 16 hours.
Analogs of the drug
As with any drug, Smekta has its counterparts on the active substance:
- Neosmectin. In its composition, the drug contains more magnesium and less iron, thus less likely to cause constipation. Available in powder form. Be wary of people with diabetes.
- Diosmectite. Available in powder form. Contraindicated in intestinal obstruction.
Drug analogues Smekta most often similar in composition to the active substances, but they have different properties. Many antidiarrheal drugs should not be taken by children under 1 year old.
The cost of Smekta is an average of 187 rubles (from 125 to 432 rubles).