Treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

Pregnancy – This is a wonderful period of life, but, unfortunately, it does not always pass without acute respiratory diseases, especially in wet, cold, unstable weather. Hypothermia, reduced immunity during pregnancy increases the chance of catching a cold. Often bronchitis is accompanied by pharyngitis, laryngitis and tracheitis. The course of bronchitis and its treatment in pregnant women has its own characteristics.

Treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

The development of bronchitis in pregnant women

Bronchitis in pregnant women is most often caused by viruses and bacteria, rarely allergic bronchitis. Microorganisms, getting on the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, multiply, causing local edema, inflammation, impaired blood circulation. Under certain conditions, the inflammation extends further – to the bronchi, causing a narrowing of their lumen, enhanced secretion of viscous bronchial mucus (sputum). In viral bronchitis, impaired blood circulation in the wall of the bronchi and stagnation of sputum create all the conditions for the accession of a bacterial infection and the transition of bronchitis into a purulent form. A strong cough due to irritation of the bronchi with sputum is dangerous in case of bronchitis in pregnant women due to the tension of the abdominal muscles.

The main symptoms of bronchitis in pregnant women

As a rule, acute bronchitis in pregnant women begins with the usual signs of ARVI. There is general malaise, fatigue, loss of appetite, body temperature can rise to small numbers. The nose is stuffed up, the throat is sore, there is a slight cough. When joining bronchitis, there is a dry persistent cough, chest pain may be troubling. Only a week later a small amount of sputum begins to separate, the cough softens. Sputum is viscous, mucous or mucopurulent. Sometimes bronchospasm joins, which manifests as an obsessive cough and difficulty exhaling. Acute bronchitis lasts from 1 to 4 weeks. Bronchitis in pregnant women most often does not have a particular effect on the course of pregnancy, but in some cases it is the cause of intrauterine infection of the fetus. This can be prevented by timely and effective treatment of the disease.

Chronic bronchitis is characterized by recurrent cough with a small amount of sputum, normal body temperature, and a satisfactory general condition. Pregnancy is a serious risk factor for exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. Its course during pregnancy often worsens, and the risk of intrauterine infection of the fetus increases significantly. Because of dysfunction of respiration and oxygen starvation in chronic bronchitis, there is a threat of fetal hypoxia, abortion, gestosis (toxicosis), and premature birth.

Treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

In case of bronchitis in pregnant women, in the first days it is necessary to observe bed rest, drink plenty of warm fluids (tea with lemon and honey, fruit drink, dogrose infusion, mineral water, fruit juices). Drinking softens the discomfort in the throat, facilitates expectoration. For the same purpose can be inhaled soda solution or mineral water. In the first days of bronchitis to suppress dry cough apply mucus broth of Althea root. With the same purpose, use the mixture of root of Althea, licorice root. Euphyllinum, ephedrine or inhalations with ipratropium bromide (from the second trimester), fenoterol hydrobromide or salbutamol are used to relieve bronchospasm. In order to liquefy viscous sputum and facilitate coughing up with bronchitis in pregnant women, expectorant drugs are used. They are divided into two groups – contributing to coughing (sekretomotornye) and thinning sputum (mucolytics). Of the drugs of the first group during pregnancy are allowed mixtures of thermopsis and ipecac (it may cause nausea in pregnant women). Of mucolytics during pregnancy, Bromhexin is used, it is possible to use chymotrypsin inhalation. The well-known ambroxol-based expectorant drugs are approved for use in pregnant women only in 2 and 3 trimesters, if the benefits of treatment exceed the possible risk to the fetus.

Treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

Most often, bronchitis can be cured without the use of antibacterial agents. But with severe bronchitis, with signs of purulent infection, antibacterial agents are vital. During pregnancy, antibiotics from the group of protected aminopenicillins (amoxicillin with clavulanic acid), macrolides (rovamycin), and II-III generation cephalosporins (cefuroxime) are permitted.

Natural treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

Among the expectorant drugs worth paying attention to the herbal preparation Bronchipret German pharmaceutical company Bionorika. Bronchipret is a complex natural drug that comes in drops, syrup and tablets.

The composition of the drops and syrup includes liquid extracts of thyme grass and ivy leaves, the composition of the tablets – dry extracts of primrose root and thyme grass. The components of Bronchipret due to the combination of active ingredients (saponins, essential oils, flavonoids) have a complex anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, secretolytic and bronchodilatory effect. Thyme contains thymol, which disinfects the respiratory tract, eliminates bronchospasm, thins viscous sputum. Ivy extract also copes well with bronchospasm and thick sputum. Primrose has a secretolytic action, due to which sputum is easier to cough. In combination, these plants act even more efficiently.

It is important that Bronchipret is a natural remedy, practically does not cause allergic reactions (except for individual sensitivity), is not toxic and safe. Already from the first days of taking Bronchipret, manifestations of bronchitis are alleviated – cough is moistened, bronchospasm is reduced, coughing is facilitated, and the risk of bacterial infection is significantly reduced. Recovery from acute bronchitis occurs faster, and in chronic – exacerbations occur less frequently. In case of bronchitis in pregnant women, Bronchipret tablets are used, since drops and syrup contain some amount of alcohol, which can harm the unborn baby. The usual dosage regimen of tablets Bronchipret – 1 tablet before meals 3 times a day. They should be swallowed without chewing and drink a small amount of liquid. As with any medication during pregnancy, Bronchipret should be taken only after consulting with your doctor and strictly follow the regimen.

Treatment of bronchitis in pregnant women

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