The normal color of feces is brown. They are painted in this color bile pigments. Dark green tint can give the products that a person consumed the day before. A change in color and consistency in the color of fecal masses indicates possible pathological changes in the body.
Causes and possible diseases
Dark green feces may be due to physiological or pathological causes.
The chair of green color can be both at the adult, and at the child. The main reason is poor nutrition. Coloring of fecal masses in green color occurs when eating foods containing dyes and iron. Such products are: fruit juices, sea fish, lettuce, broccoli, red beans, black liquorice, etc.
When using some of the above products, the color of feces may change over 5 days. Dark green feces are usually observed in vegetarians, as their diet is dominated by vegetables and fruits.
Dark green fecal matter may indicate some pathology. Such a shade of stool appears on the background of bleeding in the stomach or intestines. This may indicate a peptic ulcer or cancer processes in the body. Green feces may indicate the development of dysentery, treatment in this case is carried out only in the hospital.
Useful video – As evidenced by the cal green:
Dark green stools may occur with dysbiosis. Digestive microorganisms die in the small intestine, resulting in rotting and fermentation processes. Usually dysbiosis develops with prolonged use of antibiotics.
Other possible causes of discoloration of feces:
In addition, the dark green color of feces may indicate a lack of pancreatic enzymes.
Symptoms and complications
Changes in the color of feces is always an alarming sign that requires examination and identification of the cause
In dysentery, in addition to changing the shade of feces, the patient has the following symptoms:
- Temperature rise
- Abdominal pain
If the shade of feces persists for several days, while the patient complains of abdominal pain, there is a temperature, then you should immediately consult a doctor. In addition to the above symptoms, there may be upset stools, weight loss, putrid odor of feces. In this case, it will be necessary to pass tests for the presence of Escherichia coli, Shigella and other pathogenic microorganisms in the body.
If there is bloating, frequent belching, increased gas formation, such symptoms indicate dysbiosis.
Dark green feces in a child
Black-green feces in the newborn is considered the norm during the first month of life. Further, it should change and eventually have a light brown shade.
Color may change during the transition to artificial feeding. Green tint can give feces iron, which enters the body in excess. If the baby is breastfed, the reason for changing the shade of the chair should be sought in the mother’s diet.
A change in stool can be observed with the eruption of the first teeth. The baby takes everything in his mouth and many things can be non-sterile. They contain various bacteria. As a result, not only the color of feces may change, but it can lead to various diseases.
The dark green color of feces in a child may indicate the development of dysbiosis.
This is usually observed with prolonged use of antibiotics that kill the intestinal microflora. For this disease is characterized by green feces with the smell of rot.
Do not be alarmed if your baby has a thin, foamy green stool with mucus. This is considered normal. The baby sucks the front milk, and cannot reach the fat one. If such a chair has an unpleasant smell and the child is worried about pain, then this indicates pathology and you should contact your pediatrician and pass the necessary tests.
Coprogram is the study of the physical, microscopic and chemical characteristics of feces
To diagnose and identify the causes of this symptom being examined. From laboratory methods using coprogram, microscopic examination, bacterial culture of feces, blood and urine.
Coprogram is a non-invasive and informative method of examining feces, thanks to which the microscopic composition of feces can be studied: red blood cells, white blood cells, fibers, crystals, etc. In addition, the chemical composition can be investigated: hemoglobin content, fat, pigments, protein, etc. Coprogram deviations may indicate the degree of intestinal and gastric lesions.
Microscopic examination is carried out in cases of suspected parasites.
During the study, polymerase chain reaction is used, in which the parasite’s DNA is secreted. Thanks to the detailed analysis, it is possible to determine the parasites at any stage of their life cycle.
Buck analysis helps identify pathogens of intestinal infections, microflora, and bacteria. The biomaterial is placed in a special environment, with the result that the causative agent of the disease and susceptibility to antibiotics are detected.
Features of treatment
Only after identifying the cause of the change in the color of feces the doctor can prescribe an effective treatment.
If the change in color of feces is associated with improper nutrition and eating certain foods, then it is necessary to exclude them from the diet and within a few days the stool is normalized. If there are no other symptoms, then treatment will not be needed.
After diagnosing and establishing the cause of a change in the color of the stool, treatment is prescribed.
- Smecta, Regidron, Enterosgel, etc. are used to eliminate diarrhea and clean the stomach of toxins. At the same time, symptomatic therapy is carried out. When fever is used, antipyretic drugs are used, with spasms and abdominal pain – painkillers.
- When identifying intestinal infections prescribe antimicrobials. Sorbents are used to remove toxins from the body. From antibacterial drugs to suppress pathogens prescribe penicillins, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, etc. The course of administration should not be less than 7-10 days.
- In dysbacteriosis, preparations containing lacto- and bifidobacteria are prescribed to restore the intestinal microflora: Bifidumbacterin, Bifiform, Linex, etc.
- The use of immunomodulators is recommended to raise the immune system and speed up the restoration of intestinal microflora: echinacea tinctures, Dibazol, etc.
At the time of treatment should be excluded the use of “harmful” products: smoked and pickled foods, fried and fatty foods, mushrooms, potatoes, pasta, etc.
It is also not recommended to use products that increase gas formation: white bread, milk, bananas, sweet and flour products. This will reduce the load on the intestines. After the course of treatment, a second feces analysis is done.