Each parent is attentive and attentive to the health of their baby and tries to create all the conditions so that their child does not experience any discomfort, not to mention the pain, which is the first bell that something is bothering the child. Unfortunately, even increased concern for the health of the child can not always protect him from the appearance of abdominal pain, which can manifest itself for a variety of reasons and is often found in infants and children of preschool or school age. The reason for the appearance of pain in the tummy – a lot, but what if the child has a stomachache, and how dangerous can it be?
Pain in the belly of a child – what happens?
One of the main rules for parents is never to panic if the child has a stomach ache, since such a symptom often does not carry anything sinister and passes after a short time. Besides the fact that the baby feels pain in the abdomen, it is important to determine the nature, intensity and location of the pain. Abdominal pain in a child can have a different nature and manifest as a result of a wide variety of diseases. So some diseases cause acute and dull pain, while others – cramping, cutting or stabbing. In addition, abdominal pain can be throbbing, aching, manifest periods or be constantly present, occur below or above the abdomen, give to the right or left hypochondrium or side.
The nature of the pain depends on the cause, so before you know why the child has a stomach ache, you need to find out the factor that provoked this symptom.
The main causes of abdominal pain
There are no few reasons why pain in a child’s stomach appears. Some of them are completely harmless and do not pose any threat to the health of the child, but there are also those that require immediate help from a specialist or even surgery. Only a doctor after examination and examination results can identify and eliminate the cause. If this symptom is disturbed for a long period or there are acute paroxysmal pains in the child’s abdomen, then do not hesitate to visit the doctor. Self-treatment or its absence can harm the health of the baby and lead to negative consequences. Consider the main causes and diseases that are characterized by pain in the abdomen.
Dyspeptic disorders. Develop on the background of an insufficient number of enzymes in the intestine, which are involved in the digestion of food. The child feels an overflow of the stomach, belching appears, heaviness in the stomach, nausea, possibly vomiting. Dyspeptic disorders are often accompanied by a violation of the chair, pain in the abdomen.
Food poisoning. A rather dangerous and widespread phenomenon among children of different ages, which manifests itself after consuming low-quality food products. In addition to pain, there is nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, general intoxication of the body, fever. It is important for parents to remember that food poisoning can be harmful, so timely visit to the doctor is the only way out if the poisoning is strong enough or symptoms persist for 2 days.
Constipation. With the manifestation of constipation, there is a sharp pain in the abdomen, nausea, frequent urge to defecate, which do not allow to empty the intestines. The treatment can be carried out at home, but specialist advice does not hurt. If constipation worries too often, this should cause a visit to the doctor. Diet, taking sorbents, laxatives, will help alleviate the child’s condition.
Colic. A common cause of stomach pain in children, which is manifested as a result of the accumulation of gas in the intestine. Most often manifested in children under 6 months. In addition, children suffer from bloating, refuse to eat, become capricious. The cause is often the wrong diet of a nursing mother, a poorly chosen mixture, or congenital bowel disease.
Gastroenteritis. Manifest in children of different ages. The cause of gastroenteritis is most often a bowel infection. It is characterized by nausea, vomiting, fever and other severe symptoms. The most dangerous gastroenteritis for children of early preschool age.
Invagination of the intestine. It is characterized by a violation of the chair, lack of appetite, general intoxication of the body. With the manifestation of this disease in the child there are cramping recurrent pains in the abdomen, which manifest themselves regardless of the meal. A timely visit to the doctor will help to do without surgical intervention.
Diseases of the large or small intestine. With these pathologies, the child has a pain in the left side of the lower abdomen, there is a violation of the chair, constipation or carrying.
Pancreatitis. Pain in the abdomen with pancreatitis is manifested in the left hypochondrium, can give the lower back, the navel.
Injuries to the abdominal cavity. In case of severe pain in the abdomen after injury, it is necessary to consult a surgeon. Such damage can cause splenic rupture, renal hematoma, and other disorders that often require urgent hospitalization and surgery.
Helminthic invasions – A common cause of stomach pain, flatulence, excessive gas accumulation. Children who are infected with worms have a tendency to develop allergic reactions, they have poor appetite, pale skin. The symptoms of helminth diseases depend on the type of worm of the child living in the body.
Anxiety and stress – as the cause of pain in the intestines. Most often occurs in children under 10 years. Abdominal tenderness, diarrhea is noted when experiencing fear or anxiety. These symptoms go away on their own after the elimination of fear. In order to avoid the appearance of pain in the abdomen against the background of fear, parents should communicate with the child as closely as possible and help solve their problems.
Appendicitis. Abdominal pain in a child with appendicitis is one of the most dangerous and requires urgent hospitalization of the child to the surgical department. With appendicitis, pain is noted in the lower right part of the abdomen, vomiting, body temperature rises. Any movement increases pain.
Based on the above, we can conclude that many diseases have a similar clinical picture, therefore, it is almost impossible to determine the cause on your own. Only timely access to a doctor, the results of laboratory and diagnostic examinations will help the doctor – gastroenterologist or surgeon to determine the cause and prescribe the necessary treatment.
What a pain in the abdomen is dangerous
Attacks of abdominal pain in a child that last more than 30 minutes should cause a visit to a doctor, which should rule out complex bowel pathologies that require surgical treatment. It is important to note that when manifesting abdominal pain, the child is strictly forbidden to give any anesthetic drug, especially without a doctor’s prescription. Any anesthetic drug can “mask” complex diseases, such as appendicitis, intestinal obstruction and others. There are several symptoms that may indicate that a child needs urgent hospitalization.
- sharp and sharp pain in the abdomen;
- increasing and wandering pain;
- repeated vomiting;
- prolonged and persistent diarrhea;
- sunken eyes;
- great anxiety;
- blood in the stool or vomit;
- chronic constipation or carrying.
The manifestation of such symptoms may indicate the development of complex intestinal diseases that require immediate hospitalization of the child and surgical treatment. Untimely assistance provided can harm the health of the child.
First aid for child with abdominal pain
If the child’s pain manifested itself against a violation of the diet, then parents should carefully monitor the baby’s nutrition: refuse to use gas-forming foods (raw milk, kvass, mushrooms, pickles, food). Parents should always have “first-hand” medications for stomach pains on hand. So when swelling of the intestine can be given to the child “Espumizan” or “Disflatil.” If the abdominal pain manifested itself after a meal, any sorbent can be given: Enterosgel, Mezim, Festal. During the sweep – “Linex”, “Laktovit”. The use of such drugs will help to eliminate minor disorders in the intestines that have developed during the meal.
If the child’s abdominal pain is acute and lasts more than 30 minutes, with other marked symptoms, the ambulance call followed by a child will be the only correct solution.
Preventing abdominal pain in a child
It is quite difficult to protect a child from abdominal pain, since this symptom can develop with many disorders and diseases. However, there are several elementary rules that will help reduce the development of certain disorders associated with the appearance of pain in the intestines of a child.
- Exclude from the child’s diet of fatty, spicy, salty foods, as well as smoked meats.
- You need to drink as much water or other liquid as possible;
- In the child’s diet should be present only fresh and quality products;
- Portions should be small;
- Eliminate overeating;
- Refrain from products that increase gas formation.
Compliance with simple rules will help reduce the frequency of abdominal pain, thereby saving the child from unpleasant sensations. Every parent who cares about the well-being of their baby should take care of their child’s health, create all conditions for healthy growth and development. Therefore, be sure to ensure that your child eats properly, consumes in sufficient quantities healthy fortified foods that will help provide his body with all the necessary nutrients, improve immunity, protect against pathogens and other adverse factors.