Of course, parents are always worried about the health and development of their children, carefully monitoring any changes. And quite often they may notice a yellow patina on the child’s tongue. Of course, this phenomenon is disturbing. And it should immediately be said that in many cases the appearance of plaque is physiological – simple hygienic procedures will be enough to clean the surface of the tongue. On the other hand, sometimes the presence of yellow deposits in the mouth is indicated in serious diseases. In no case can this feature be ignored – it is worthwhile to deal with the main causes of the appearance of a raid.
Yellow on the tongue of the child: the reasons
Ideally, the children’s tongue should have a smooth and moist surface of a pale pink color. However, sometimes between the papillae of the tongue are delayed parts of food, which creates conditions for the growth of bacteria. That is how most often formed yellow patina on the tongue of the child. Komarovsky, a famous pediatrician, recommends that mothers do not panic in this case, since quite often the appearance of deposits on the tongue is quite harmless, which is associated with the use of a certain group of products.
If we are talking about children of the first year of life, the formation of plaque may indicate an improperly selected artificial milk formula or the introduction of intensely colored fruits and vegetables as a complementary food – this may be persimmon, pumpkin, apricots, carrots, oranges.
In older adults, the appearance of a yellow film on the surface of the tongue may indicate the consumption of beverages or products with yellow or orange dyes (yogurt, candy, fanta, caramel, ice cream). Leave a yellow bloom can tea or bright yellow seasoning for food. The same result results from taking certain medications, in particular, syrups, for the manufacture of which dyes are also used.
What diseases are accompanied by the appearance of plaque?
Unfortunately, in some cases, the yellowness of the surface of the tongue indicates the presence of serious problems. Why does the child have yellow tongue coating? Here is a list of the most common reasons:
- Overeating, especially if the child’s diet contains too much fatty foods. In the morning, children tend to complain of nausea and dry mouth.
- The appearance of plaque in the language is accompanied by almost all infectious diseases, which are characterized by an increase in body temperature.
- A white-yellow bloom in the child’s tongue may indicate dehydration.
- The surface of the tongue acquires a named shade with jaundice, but in this case it is about changing the color of the tissues, rather than the formation of plaque.
- The appearance of deposits on the tongue can be observed with food poisoning and liver damage.
- Often plaque (including yellow) is formed during the inflammatory process in the oral cavity. Similar is observed in stomatitis, gingivitis, sore throat, caries, glossitis.
- The list of causes includes systemic pathologies, including diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diseases, and severe kidney pathologies.
When should guard?
As already mentioned, yellow plaque in the child’s tongue can be associated with the nature of the diet or improper oral hygiene – in such cases, the surface of the tongue can be cleaned quite simply.
Parents should be wary if a thick layer of plaque has formed in the mouth, which is difficult to remove and quickly forms again. Of course, you need to pay attention to the presence of other signs. For example, if a child complains of abdominal pain, heartburn and other disorders, or if ulcers and other lesions can be noticed in the mouth, you should contact a specialist.
Who to contact if there is a yellow patina on the tongue (for example, a 1 year old child)? Of course, for starters, it is worthwhile to show the baby to a pediatrician who will conduct a preliminary diagnosis and will issue further recommendations. For example, sometimes a child should be treated by a dentist, endocrinologist, or hepatologist. All this can be found during the diagnosis.
The main diagnostic measures
If a child has a yellow color on the tongue of unknown origin, then parents, as we have said, should turn to a pediatrician. After a general examination, the doctor will try to collect as much information as possible (for example, information about the nature of the diet, the presence of other symptoms). If there is a suspicion of the presence of a more serious disease, the baby is sent for examination to a narrow specialist (gastroenterologist, dentist).
A general analysis of blood, urine and feces. Sometimes, to establish a diagnosis, a complete biochemical blood test is needed. Changes in the level of bilirubin, glucose, urea, creatinine and other substances may indicate impaired function of the liver, kidneys, endocrine glands, etc.
If you suspect diseases of the digestive tract organs, instrumental examinations are appointed, in particular, esogastroduodenoscopy (examination of the digestive tract with an endoscope) and ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs. You should not be frightened in advance – the doctor after examination will decide whether the child needs all the tests described above.
What treatments can a doctor suggest?
Therapy in this case directly depends on the reason for the appearance of the plaque. If the film on the tongue is associated with food intake, then you just need to follow the rules of hygiene more carefully and adjust the diet.
If there are problems with the liver, cholagogue preparations (“Allohol”, “Liobil”), means for improving the tone of the biliary tract (“Sorbitol”) and antispasmodics (with marked pains) can be used. Antibiotics are used for bacterial infections, and viral pathologies require the use of antiviral drugs. If plaque is formed as a result of poisoning, then adsorbents are used.
Glossitis and yellow bloom on the tongue of the child
Common diseases that are accompanied by the appearance of plaque on the tongue include glossitis. This disease is accompanied by inflammation of the tissues of the tongue, a change in their structure and color. The cause of the pathology is an infection that enters the body from the outside or is already present in the oral cavity, but against the background of decreased immunity, it begins to multiply actively.
Of course, the plaque is far from the only symptom. Children complain of pain when chewing and loss of taste. In addition, the language swells, increases in size. There are problems with swallowing and speech. Can be observed and increased saliva production.
Sometimes the plaque in the oral cavity has a mixed color – this is an important diagnostic sign that the doctor will definitely pay attention to. For example, sometimes you can notice a yellowish-green bloom. Such a phenomenon may indicate the active multiplication of bacteria and fungi in the oral cavity (including candida pathogens). The causes include liver pathologies, which are accompanied by bile stasis.
If the plaque has a brownish tint, it may indicate a prolonged dysbiosis. At the same time, a rather dense layer is formed on the tongue. But the yellow-gray bloom is often observed in people with long-lasting pathologies of the digestive tract.
Of course, you should always pay attention to the accompanying symptoms, in particular, the presence of unpleasant odor, pain, formation of erosions and cracks.
Proper oral hygiene and plaque prevention
If periodically there is an easily detachable yellow patina on the tongue of the child, then it is worth more closely monitor oral hygiene. Dentists recommend starting such procedures immediately after the appearance of the first tooth (up to three years – without using toothpaste). It is important to teach your child to brush not only the teeth, but also the surface of the tongue.
Of course, it is worth reviewing the child’s diet, removing food coloring products from it, and perhaps slightly limiting the amount of fat in food. It is important to monitor the drinking regime, especially when it comes to small children. All diseases, whether it is tonsillitis or liver problems, must respond in time to adequate therapy.