There is usually no cause for concern if one of these symptoms appears for a short time. But if the headache and high temperature are observed simultaneously, and the child’s well-being deteriorates, this may indicate a variety of different diseases, pathologies, the body’s response to the stimulus, and for some other reasons.
The least dangerous reason for the manifestation of these symptoms may be an acute reaction of a young organism to the introduction of certain medications or vaccination. So parents can observe that their baby has a hot head, he cries and tries to rub the place where it hurts more. Such symptoms often disappear within a few days. Next, consider the main reasons for which high fever and headache are constant symptoms.
Respiratory viral infection and flu. Malicious viruses enter the child’s body through airborne droplets. They begin to release toxins into the bloodstream, which leads to a response of the child’s immune system. The baby has hot head and pain, cough, runny nose, inflammation in the throat, weakness.
Mononucleosis. Such a viral disease can cause a prolonged headache (2-3 days), which may not pass without an anesthetic drug, the whole body is hot, weakness, pain in the joints and muscles.
Salmonellosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. If the digestive system gets infected, it can produce toxic substances that cause high fever, abdominal and headache, vomiting and bleeding. Worms and dysentery also lead to the development of intestinal pathologies. If the child has a hot body, frequent diarrhea or constipation, then this is due to intoxication of the body.
Tuberculosis. A dangerous disease that can develop within 10-14 days. During the incubation period, there are usually no typical symptoms, but after the first week, headaches, fever, drowsiness, irritability, vomiting, coughing and other symptoms may appear.
Toxoplasmosis. The child has a headache, a hot body (up to 39 degrees), weakness, damage to the nervous system. There are ENT pathologies in which the child has a headache and the temperature rises. Rather common diseases – sinusitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis (inflammatory processes).
Many pathologies that are associated with the brain often lead to fever, the baby has a headache, hallucinations, nervousness, impaired nervous system, retching and other symptoms are possible. These signs are related to meningitis, encephalitis, arachnoiditis.
Diseases of the urinary system. Hot head and the feeling of pain, pain in the stomach, pain and burning during urination. Body temperature can rise to 38-39 degrees, chills, general weakness in the body, nausea. Diseases – cystitis, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis.
The next group of diseases is associated with abdominal organs. A person has a headache and fever, but there are also signs of inflammation, intoxication and a violation of secretion. Appendicitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, skin diseases, intestinal obstruction.
If a person does not have diseases that cause both headache and fever at the same time, but the symptoms continue to persist, then it can be poisoning. Poisoning by poison or chemistry is not often observed, but when the harmful components enter the body, a characteristic reaction occurs. There are also cramps, chills, diarrhea and vomiting, cold sweating and impaired consciousness.
The consequences that were not caused by intoxication or diseases include sun and heat stroke. The child has a headache, hot body, lethargy and nausea. Symptoms may last for several hours.
Video “Fighting Temperature”
What is the danger
Some diseases with these symptoms are acute and represent a serious danger to the health of the child. But certain pathologies can significantly weaken the baby’s immune system, resulting in the emergence of new diseases and aggravation. So SARS and flu can be cured in a week, but if you do not immediately eliminate the symptoms that worsen the child’s well-being, they can lead to complications – meningitis, otitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, and cardiovascular disruption.
Mononucleosis can cause spleen rupture. Intestinal infection can lead to major complications – ulcers, gastritis, erosion of the walls of the stomach and intestines, impaired secretory function, dehydration.
Most pathologies are treated, but some can even be fatal (tuberculosis, HIV, poisoning with a potent poison or chemical). Toxoplasmosis is reflected in vision, but in some cases complete blindness is possible.
The danger of diseases with characteristic symptoms can be expressed by the consequences of a malfunction of certain organs or a whole group, external inflammation on the skin.
Since most of the dangerous consequences can develop with delayed medical care, parents should know what to do when their baby’s well-being deteriorates. First of all, you need to give the patient peace. To put in bed, to exclude sharp extraneous noises, to put a cool damp towel on a forehead. Eliminate physical activity and active games.
Antipyretic drugs are preferably given after meals. When the body temperature is above 39 degrees, it is advisable to call an ambulance or take the child to the hospital.
Usually, parents should have in their first aid kit some drugs that have been approved in advance by a pediatrician. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are usually recommended. Other means to give is not desirable, only after consulting a doctor and examining the patient. Before you give drugs, you need to establish the cause of the deterioration of health.
Video “Temperature, vomiting and headache: what to do?”
This video tells you what measures the child needs if he has constant pain in his head, fever and vomiting. The video can be used as a practical guide.