Pregnancy is the most beautiful period in the life of any woman. It is filled with feelings of thrill, love, joy, a storm of emotions is boiling inside! Of course, every member of the fair sex wants to know early if she is really pregnant. She does not want to miss a single day, especially if the pregnancy is planned and long-awaited.
Previously, our mothers did not even think about the diagnosis of pregnancy before the onset of the next menstrual cycle. Today, thanks to the development of technology, the availability of a vast amount of literature and the progress of research on fetal development, it is possible to recognize pregnancy as early as the first week after the alleged conception.
Pregnancy is better to plan!
Recently, doctors in unison have been stating the need for pregnancy planning. First of all, it will help to avoid many problems and risks when carrying a baby.
Planning a pregnancy – the path to the birth of a healthy baby
Preparation for the conception of future parents should, above all, take place at the request of both parents,
The first step in planning a pregnancy will be a visit to a gynecologist. It is this specialist who will give all the necessary recommendations, directions, as well as hold a conversation with both the expectant mother and the future father of the baby. As a rule, a woman will have to visit specialist specialists to detect the presence of diseases, for example, a dentist, ophthalmologist, physician
Ideally, a woman needs to think about planning a pregnancy in about 1-2 years, and a man at least in two months. So, they will prepare their bodies for the conception of a healthy baby, and the mother’s body will give him all the necessary nutrients and help to relieve the childbirth without serious consequences. We will deal with the timing of pregnancy
There are two types of counting gestational age. The first method is obstetric. He starts his counting from the first day of the previous menstrual cycle,
Thus, in the first week of the obstetric method, pregnancy has not yet occurred. At this time, the woman’s ovaries prepare the egg for fertilization, and the uterus itself rejects the old inner layer.
The second way to calculate the duration of pregnancy is embryonic. The method, which includes only the development of the embryo in the womb, and therefore, it begins from the moment of fertilization of the egg. It will happen around the day the egg from the ovary is released – the day of ovulation (approximately 12-15 days of the menstrual cycle).
I would like to indicate that the symptoms of pregnancy in the first week will be further considered using the second method,
The longer the term – the more pronounced symptoms are observed in a pregnant woman.
What happens in a woman’s body in the first week after fertilization?
With the onset of the menstrual cycle, the ovaries of the woman begin to prepare the egg to mature, and the uterus, getting rid of "old" epithelium in its cavity, is preparing to embrace the originated life.
So, a ripe egg leaves the ovary and enters the fallopian tube, where, in turn, it meets with sperm (naturally, provided that there was unprotected sexual intercourse). Fertilization occurs,
On the 7th or 8th day after successful contact of the spermatozoon and the egg cell, the zygote enters the uterus and is fixed on its wall. This process is called implantation. On average, the process of inserting zygotes into the uterine cavity, or implantation, lasts no more than 40 hours.
Ovum fertilization process
From this moment on, the new life will continue its development in the womb. In time, the placenta, the umbilical cord, the small cell will turn into an embryo, and it will transform into a beautiful baby with its unique features and character.
Symptoms of pregnancy in the first week
In fact, it is difficult to talk about any diagnosis at such early stages. After all, we have already figured out that on the seventh day after fertilization of the egg, only the implantation process takes place, which will end on the 10th day after fertilization. Yet there are some signs of pregnancy and in such early pregnancy.
First of all, from the list of symptoms of pregnancy in the first week after conception, I would like to single out the basal body temperature. Any woman who is planning her pregnancy has already heard about this from her obstetrician-gynecologist and put it into practice.
Basal temperature of certain values - one of the early signs of pregnancy
Basal body temperature is an indicator of body temperature, which is measured after a good rest and a long-term state of rest. This indicator is very effective in planning pregnancy and is widely used in practice, and also has a positive result. The main thing is to follow some of the principles and rules for using this method.
Rules for measuring basal body temperature:
- temperature should be measured rectally;
- use mercury thermometer for measurement (it has the smallest error);
- the temperature measurement duration must be at least five minutes and no more than seven minutes;
- measure the basal temperature immediately after waking up before performing any active actions (
The basic principle of measuring basal body temperature will be the constancy and maintenance of the schedule, which should contain at least three cycles in a row. Only in this way can we identify the dynamics and further simplify the task in the early diagnosis of pregnancy.
If while planning a pregnancy, a woman used this method, then it will not be difficult for her to identify a pregnancy already in the first week after fertilization. The fact is that during the period of the menstrual cycle, the basal temperature rises only once – on the day of ovulation, during fertilization of the egg, such a jump will be noticeable on the day of implantation. The easiest way is to take previous graphs of basal body temperature measurement and compare visually. Further, in most women, the temperature measured on the day of implantation will be noted continuously without significant fluctuations.
The second sign of the presence of pregnancy, which may appear in the first week after conception, we note the discharge from the vagina. They can change their texture and color. So, thick vaginal discharge will be a prerequisite to the formation of a tube, which, in turn, will protect the baby from external influences and the penetration of infections and adverse bacteria throughout pregnancy. The bleeding will appear during the impregnation of a fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus, but on condition that they are insignificant. If the discharge of this nature still bothers you and is increased in volume, than the expected ones, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.
Changing hormonal levels and the absence of menstruation – the first bell, forcing a woman to think about pregnancy
The third sign of successful fertilization of the egg after a week can be called a change in the hormonal background in a woman. The most important event in a woman’s body is considered to be an increase in such a hormone as progesterone. It begins to increase in significant amounts immediately after the brain received a signal of successful fertilization. It is this hormone that bears the responsibility of the further development of the baby up to the 14th week of pregnancy (or 16 weeks using the obstetric method of calculating the term).
An increase in progesterone in the body of the future mother can negatively affect the digestive system. This hormone in large quantities violates the intestinal motility and can cause constipation, and also affects the whole digestive system and provokes nausea, sometimes vomiting in a woman who is expecting a child.
The nervous system of a pregnant woman also will not resist the changes of this nature. A woman becomes more irritable, feels frequent changes in her mood. Taste preferences may change, for example, "pulls on salty", sense of smell will intensify: favorite perfume evoke a feeling of disgust and
Excessive emotionality may accompany the entire pregnancy.
Another hormone that indicates the development of life in the womb is human chorionic gonadotropin. Its rate is growing exponentially right from the moment of fertilization of the egg. You can take an analysis of this hormone in the antenatal clinic. Before taking the analysis, it is necessary to exclude food intake for 6 hours, at best, on an empty stomach. To detect an increase in the level of hCG, blood sampling should be repeated approximately 3 times with an interval of two days.
Drowsiness – a frequent symptom of the first trimester
Another sign of a successful pregnancy is fatigue and drowsiness. In the morning it is difficult to feel cheerfulness and feel sleepy. A woman realizes that she gets tired with the same rhythm of life as before.
Ultrasound in the first week of pregnancy
To say with 100% certainty whether there is a pregnancy or not – only ultrasound can tell
In fact, in spite of modern technologies and the progress of science, an ultrasound scan at such an early date cannot provide an exact answer to the question. "is a woman pregnant or not?". In the first week after conception, it is possible to conduct an ultrasound study to detect ovulation and the state of the corpus luteum, which will nourish our cell during the first week, so there is no need to conduct such diagnostic studies in the first week after conception.
To summarize, I would like to say that in practice a woman always feels the birth of a new life in the womb. It is enough for her to compare her feelings and her state of health one week after the alleged conception. She, like no one else, will be able to compare her condition during previous menstrual cycles and
In fact, do not rush things, and wait for the moment when it will be possible to declare pregnancy with confidence. After all, if pregnancy still has a place to be, then experiences now come to nothing. It is also important to understand that all the listed signs of pregnancy are subjective, except for testing for hCG, and can be screwed on by the woman herself, especially if you are very keen to become a mother.