Streptococcus agalactia settles mainly in the urogenital system and intestines, leading to the development of infectious diseases in young mothers and babies. The considered streptococcal infection refers to a conditionally pathogenic microflora, the causative agent of which is beta-hemolytic streptococcus.
Streptococcus agalactia – the only representative of group B streptococci
Streptococcus agalactia – what is it
Streptococcus agalactiae is the only type of streptococcus that belongs to group B. The detection of this bacterium in a smear taken from the cervical canal, indicates the presence of non-specific inflammatory process.
During microscopic examination, the microbe is stained according to Gram. If after washing it does not lose color, then the infection is referred to as gram-positive bacteria.
Streptococcus under the microscope
Causes of Streptococcus Agalactia
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The microbe populates the body during puberty and at the beginning of intimate relationships. The habitat of the bacterium is the rectum, nasopharynx, and urogenital tract.
To parasites out, you only need to drink on an empty stomach.
There are several ways of transmission:
- from mother to baby.
Activation of bacterial activity occurs as a result of disrupting the acceptable balance of microflora, which, in addition to the deterioration of the immune system, contributes to a number of reasons:
- hormonal disruptions;
- having unprotected sex;
- wearing synthetic underwear;
- non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and the use of douching;
- the presence of diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus can cause streptococcus activation
The reason for the appearance of streptococcus in men is sex without the use of a condom or intestinal dysbiosis. In the future, an infected representative of the stronger sex becomes a carrier and can transmit the pathogen sexually.
Symptoms of the presence of bacteria in the body
There are no pronounced symptoms of the presence of streptococcus agalactia, since the infection does not lead to the development of inflammatory processes in the vagina. Significant excess of the concentration of bacteria in the body is detected during routine inspections.
However, with a significant increase in the number of bacteria in the woman’s body, a number of negative symptoms occur:
- burning and itching of the vagina;
- the development of inflammatory processes;
- pulling pain in the area of the ovaries during intimacy;
- puffiness of the labia;
- the presence of discharge, most often having a yellow tint.
In men, exacerbation of infection is characterized by painful urination and burning of the urethra, the presence of mucous secretions.
Swelling of the labia is one of the signs of the activity of harmful bacteria.
The disease is diagnosed on the basis of test results:
- general and biochemical analysis of blood and urine – necessary for the determination of antibodies;
- Ultrasound of the internal organs;
- a smear on the flora, which allows you to determine the degree of purity of the vagina;
- the presence of streptococcus is detected in the crop, the material for which is taken from the anorectal region or the vagina. For the most accurate result, it is recommended to take the analysis simultaneously from several areas of the mucous membrane;
- PCR-diagnostics – allows you to identify an infection in the urine. The main drawback is that it is impossible to determine the resistance of the bacterium to antibiotics, since it is impossible to identify living representatives of streptococcal infection.
Smear on flora helps to detect streptococcus
Any parasites can be expelled at home. Just do not forget to drink once a day.
Treatment of Streptococcus Agalactia
An effective treatment course in the detection of streptococcus in gynecology is carried out using penicillin antibiotics. In addition, it should also include drugs for various spheres of influence.