Stages of child development up to a year

Pregnancy has come to an end and the long-awaited baby is born. And many parents, who are still not experienced enough, have a lot of unrest and questions: is their baby developing normally, is he able to do everything for his age.

In the first year of life, the baby learns everything – to follow, smile, grab, sit, crawl, stand, walk. Every new success undoubtedly pleases all parents. There is a certain calendar, thanks to which you can follow his skills. However, it is important to bear in mind that the development of a child up to a year takes place individually, because all children are different. For example, if a baby does not do something in five months, then he will definitely do it in six. Plus (minus) a month is the norm.

Consider what changes occur in the development of children from birth to one year by month.

Infant Development Table

1 month

  • weight gain 600 g, height 3 cm;
  • the baby learns to live outside the mother’s body;
  • about 70% of the time a newborn spends in a dream;
  • the movements of the child at 1 month are not yet coordinated, therefore, during wakefulness, he constantly randomly waves his legs and arms;
  • with a sharp loud sound, he blinks and shudders;
  • by the end of the 3rd week of life, may briefly hold the gaze on a bright object or face of an adult;
  • by the end of the 4th week of life, trying to raise the head and hold it for a few seconds on its stomach.

2 month

Stages of child development up to a year

  • weight gain 800 g, height 3 cm;
  • a child at 2 months continues to sleep and eat a lot;
  • begins to realize that his crying is a means of communicating with adults, so when he is hungry, cold, bored, hurt, hot, he starts shouting loudly, informing others about it;
  • begins to respond with a wide smile to the smile of an adult;
  • can see at a distance of about 50 cm;
  • lying on your stomach can lift your head and hold it for about 10 seconds;
  • lying on its side can roll over;
  • at 2 months, many children begin to shout, uttering the sounds of “a”, “o”, “e”, combining them with grumbling, squealing, champing.
  • can follow a bright toy if it is slowly moved right in front of it;
  • on the arms in an upright position, the infant briefly holds the head;
  • to the source of the sound turns his head and looks for his eyes.

3 month

  • weight gain 800 g, height 2.5 cm;
  • smiles intelligently and laughs loudly;
  • a three-month baby recognizes parents by voice and vision;
  • responds with a whistle;
  • arm movements become expedient and conscious;
  • starts sucking his fist or finger;
  • all items that fall into the hands, pulls into his mouth;
  • lying on the tummy can rise on elbows and hold the head for a few minutes;
  • shakes his head in all directions;
  • turns from back to flank;
  • with the support for the armpits, will be supported with feet on a hard surface;
  • turns the head towards the sound source;
  • explores with his hands his face, face and the hair of an adult.

4 month

  • weight gain 750 g, height 2.5 cm;
  • perfectly recognizes mom, preferring her to everyone else (crying when she disappears from sight);
  • turns from back to belly;
  • the child confidently holds his head upright and lying on his stomach, turning it in different directions;
  • consciously seizes the toy with one or two hands and immediately pulls it into his mouth;
  • may hold the toy in his hand for some time and shake it;
  • lying on his back lifts his head;
  • prefers to play with a favorite toy, rejecting others;
  • a child at 4 months may experience fear, joy, disappointment, curiosity;
  • squeals, waves his arms and legs with delight;
  • dies down when the music starts;
  • smiles at his reflection in the mirror;
  • distinguishes a familiar person from a stranger;
  • By the end of this period of life, the baby begins to pronounce its first syllables: “pa”, “ma”, “ba”.

5 month

  • weight gain 700 g, height 2 cm;
  • unconsciously utters the first words: “mother”, “woman”;
  • lying on the back, trying to sit up, pulling up his head and arms forward;
  • feels, grabs, pulls to himself, throws objects and watches as they fall;
  • he plays with his favorite toy for a long time, shifting it from one hand to another, shakes it, tastes it;
  • can hold the bottle handles;
  • plays the game “cuckoo”;
  • a five-month-old child perfectly distinguishes between familiar and unfamiliar people;
  • many babies at this age begin to cut teeth.

6 month

Stages of child development up to a year

  • weight gain 650 g, height 2 cm;
  • the child is 6 months less sleep and awake for a long time;
  • makes the first attempts to crawl on his stomach, pushing with his feet;
  • trying to sit;
  • rolls well from back to belly, flank and back;
  • constantly playing with toys;
  • can shift small objects from one container to another;
  • responds to your name;
  • constantly makes various sounds;
  • repeats after adults the pronunciation of some sounds: “a”, “u”, “ma-ma”;
  • imitates adults: sneezes, laughs.

7 month

  • weight gain 600 g, height 2 cm;
  • a seven-month-old baby becomes more mobile, now he cannot be left unattended;
  • constantly turning, spinning around its axis;
  • sits confidently, keeping the backrest straight;
  • makes the first attempts to get up at the support;
  • some babies make attempts to move around the support;
  • can show with a finger where the cat is, and where the dog is;
  • plays for a long time with toys, can press buttons, a musical toy to listen to music or sound;
  • perfectly distinguishes between father, brothers, sisters, grandmother, grandfather and other family members who are constantly in contact with him;
  • the child gets on all fours and sways back and forth;
  • starts crawling or crawling is improved;
  • likes to look at his reflection in the mirror, communicates, strokes his hands;
  • understands the word “no”;
  • constantly babbling, squealing, pronouncing various syllables and sounds;
  • new syllables appear in the speech: “give-give”, “ta-ta”, “yes-yes”, “na-na”.

8 month

  • weight gain 550 g, height 2 cm;
  • a child in 8 months actively crawls, studying everything around;
  • able to remove / insert small items from the container;
  • can open the covers of the boxes;
  • stands confidently at the support, holding one hand;
  • waving bye-bye handle, playing a game of “ladies”;
  • likes to explore mom’s face, hair, like to play with her beads;
  • understands and can fulfill simple requests of an adult, for example, “give a hand”;
  • likes to watch playing children on the street, passing cars.

9 month

  • weight gain 500 g, height 1.5 cm;
  • picks up two items, can play with them at the same time;
  • knocks toys or objects on the surface;
  • claps his hands;
  • leafing through the thick pages of a children’s book;
  • takes large objects with two hands and small fingers;
  • may sit down and lie down from a sitting position;
  • crouches and rhythmically jumping from the support;
  • dancing to music, holding on to the support;
  • independently sits down, quickly creeps, rises and walks at a support;
  • shows on the toy where the eyes, nose, mouth;
  • a child at 9 months makes many different sounds;
  • can find the object hidden in his eyes;
  • fulfills simple requests of adults: “give a toy”, “give a hand”.

10 month

  • weight gain 450 g, height 1.5 cm;
  • easily gets up at the support;
  • walks holding mom’s hands;
  • may sit up from a standing position;
  • dancing to music, swaying, tapping and moving his booty;
  • repeats gestures, sounds, facial expressions of adults;
  • beware of strangers and places;
  • understands simple requests and fulfills them;
  • opens all the doors and drawers within reach, pulls everything he finds out of them;
  • likes to play with toys that can be placed in each other;
  • some ten-month-old children begin to make their first steps.

11 month

  • weight gain 400 g, height 1.5 cm;
  • a child at 11 months perfectly understands the word “no”, but does not always fulfill it;
  • can independently network from a position on the abdomen;
  • picks up very small objects with two fingers;
  • waving his hand “bye-bye”;
  • plays ku-ku, ladies;
  • walks confidently, holding the pieces of furniture, the hands of an adult;
  • trying to walk on their own;
  • may not stand alone for long;
  • pronounces distinctly; “Mom”, “woman”, “dad”, “give”;
  • shows a finger that wants to take;
  • independently drinks from a cup or bottle;
  • constantly utters various sounds.

12 month

  • weight gain 350 g, height 1.5 cm;
  • stand alone;
  • a child at 1 year old begins to walk or the ability to walk is improved;
  • can get up from squatting position;
  • knows the use of certain items, such as a hammer, telephone;
  • collects a pyramid, builds a small tower;
  • naughty, if something does not like;
  • strongly attached to the mother, reacts sharply to her care;
  • may refuse unloved food;
  • bites off solid food;
  • uses a spoon;
  • understands almost all the simple phrases that his parents say to him: “let’s go for a walk”, “let’s go eat”;
  • consciously says “mom”, “dad”, “av-av” (dog), “kitty” (cat), “woman”;
  • learns and shows animals in the street and in pictures;
  • shows independence.

Every baby in the first year of life will learn a lot. Do not worry if he does not know how. After all, each child is an individual, something is not yet mastered, but something is better. In no case can it be compared with other babies or with the developmental standards described above. It can only be compared with itself, as it was a month ago, and how it has become now.

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