Rather, these tips are for those tired and exhausted parents, in whose eyes the question is read: “How to calm a child who just likes to cry and scream ?!”.
A sleeping baby is an almost magical sight, akin to a miracle. And this picture seems especially implausible to those tortured parents, whose babies cry for no apparent reason, arching, and shout without ceasing 24 hours a day. Do not despair! And do not punish yourself – you are not a bad parent! You simply do not know the ways that even the most capricious child can be depressed, without depriving his mom and dad of clarity of mind, composure and a sense of parental happiness. We will teach you how to calm the child.
From the very first words it is worth noting – all the tips below on how to calm a crying child (namely, a crumb from the age of 0 to six months) relate to cases when a baby cries and shouts “for no apparent reason” – that is, the tummy does not hurt him (not swollen, not tight, well felt), he is not hungry, not frozen and does not need to change the diaper. Rather, these tips are for those tired and exhausted parents, in whose eyes the question is read: “How to calm a child who just likes to cry and scream ?!”.
How to calm the baby 0 – 3 months old? Enter his position!
One of the world’s most competent experts in the field of baby crying is an American doctor, a professor of child psychiatry, a pediatrician Harvey Karp. For more than 20 years he has been teaching young parents effective ways to quickly calm a crying infant. The book of Dr. Harp, devoted to these methods, has long been an absolute bestseller in its segment. On the one hand, these methods are extremely simple, judge for yourself:
– swaddling; – holding in position on the side; – “white noise” or hissing; – rhythmic swaying; – sucking.
One of the most effective ways to relieve a crying baby is to swaddle him tightly and shake a little, imitating a slight vibration. In fact, this way you recreate for him the comfortable conditions of the mother’s womb.
In addition to tight swaddling and rhythmic swaying, the position on the side and … an ordinary dummy also work successfully.
Most infants calm down during feeding. Even if the baby is full, applying to the chest gives him the very emotional comfort that “reconciles” him with the environment.
If you watch the women who wear their babies in the slings, you will hardly notice at least one whose baby would scream, cry, wriggle or “run amok” in some other way. By no means! Almost all of the children from the moment of birth and up to a year, when “hit” in the sling, instantly calm down – either fall asleep or just contemplates what is happening around. Close proximity to the mother, a sense of maximum security and comfort doing their job …
A sleeping baby is an almost magical sight, akin to a miracle. And it seems especially implausible to those parents whose babies “shout without ceasing 24 hours a day”. Do not execute yourself – you are not a bad parent! Until today, you simply did not know the ways that help even the most capricious child to rock …
But refrain from surprise and doubt, until you try all five ways in action. What is the essence of this technique? In his book, Dr. Harvey uses in relation to newborns aged from 0 to 3 months such an ambiguous concept as the “fourth trimester of pregnancy.” During this period of life, babies are in dire need of conditions that would most closely copy the mother’s intrauterine environment. It is in such conditions that babies instantly calm down, instinctively finding a sense of familiar comfort and safety.
Actually, on this principle, Dr. Karp and built his technique. For example, the dense swaddling of a newborn imitates his being in the mother’s womb during the last stages of pregnancy, where the baby is already becoming rather crowded. The position on the side for him is also the most familiar. Hissing sounds are the most familiar to the crumbs, because being in the womb, he constantly hears the breath of the mother and the passage of fluids through her intestines. Monotonous motion sickness (almost shaking) a still unborn baby is constantly experiencing when his mother moves. And if you look at the ultrasound images, then make sure that starting from the 24th week, being in the mother’s womb, the child almost all the time reflexively sucks his finger. Here you have the nature of the origin of all five methods of effective motion sickness according to Harvey Karp.
And if you learn, using the tips of Dr. Karp, to imitate for your baby all these conditions that are most comfortable for him in the first months of life, then you will have no problems with how to calm the child. So:
5 magical ways Harvey Karp, or How to lull a baby:
Method 1: Swaddling. Of course, to keep the newborn constantly tightly wrapped in a diaper is not worth it. But if the baby is worried and cannot fall asleep for a long time, sometimes it is enough just to wrap it tightly in a bed sheet or diaper (you need to swaddle it with the handles) so that the baby can calm down immediately.
If your baby is often anxious and difficult to sleep, it makes sense to buy modern diapers, which even dads can easily use.
Method 2: Position on the side. Put the child on your hand or on your knees on a flank so that it seems to roll a little on your belly. Carefully support the baby’s head. This provision can also be used in cases where the child is tormented by small colic.
Method 3: Rhythmic swaying (shaking). Holding the child in the position on the side, start not much, but rhythmically swing him from side to side. This method can be immediately combined with the following – with imitation of hissing sounds.
Method 4: White Noise. The point is to reproduce monotonous hissing sounds right above the baby’s ear. Perhaps this is the most unusual of all the ways to calm the child put forward by Dr. Karp, but it works perfectly. For example, this pair of parents managed to put their little one to sleep with just “white noise” in just 4 minutes:
Method 5: Sucking. The pacifier is an excellent universal sedative for the baby. With the same success, you can attach the baby to the breast (if you are a nursing mother) or give a bottle with a small amount of the mixture.
According to the experience of Harvey Karp himself, sometimes it is enough to apply one or two methods from this list so that the newborn stops crying and worrying. But it is often necessary to use consistently all five methods. However, according to the doctor, these simple methods, together or separately, help in almost 100 percent of cases. You must admit that this is literally a “gift of heaven” for those tortured parents who, figuratively speaking, are constantly on the verge of suicide because of constantly crying children …
4 ways to reassure a child older than 3 months
The ways of Dr. Harvey Karp are good, but it is worthwhile to once again stipulate – almost all of them are suitable only for newborn babies. If you try to swaddle or “re-shake” a half-year-old crying toddler, you are unlikely to succeed. To calm older children, you can try other ways. And in this case the expression “how to calm the child” will not always equal the expression “how to rock the baby”. Reassure – means, first of all, to distract from screams and sobs.
Method 1: Wear a sling. Wearing a sling, by the way, combines at once two items from those proposed by Dr. Harvey: motion sickness and swaddling, and if you add “white noise” to this list, for example, to go outside with a crumb, you will immediately see why children love slings so much. And if swaddling is suitable only for newborns, then you can carry a baby in a sling from time to time as long as you comfortably carry (in the literal sense of the word) the weight of your baby.
Method 2: Switch attention. Children older than 3 months already quite successfully and for a long time fix attention on objects and sounds – especially they are attracted by bright colors and clear, loud sounds. Rumble with bright paper or a bag, ring the bell, let any commercial look on the TV. All these manipulations (especially the last one!) Instantly capture the attention of the crumbs: he is distracted from hysterics, begins to show interest and gradually calms down, calms down.
Method 3: Let the excess air out. When crying, the child swallows a lot of air, which gives him a very unpleasant feeling. Thus, the hysterical risk closes in a circle: the baby cries, swallowing excess air, from which his tummy starts to hurt and he cries more and more, swallowing air again and again. Therefore, as soon as the child begins to show anxiety or scream, take it in your arms and hold it with a little post – having burped off the excess air, the baby is likely to calm down. And if not – use the previous method, trying to attract his attention with a bright toy or unusual sounds.
Method 4: Dance together. It may seem strange, but it is the smooth dance moves that can help you solve the problem of how to calm a crying child. Take the baby in your arms, smile at him, talk to him in a soothing tone and move a little – swaying him from side to side, up and down, humming a simple melody. When the baby stops crying, attach it to the chest for a short time (if the baby is bottle-fed, give a bottle of water) or give a pacifier. In most cases it works!