The duration of pregnancy in dogs. How to determine that the dog is pregnant.
Pregnancy in dogs lasts on average 61-66 days, that is, about 2 months,
However, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, the duration
pregnancy can vary from 57 to 72 days. In the first 1 – 1.5 weeks after
always it is almost impossible to find out if a dog is pregnant. Clinical
signs of pregnancy (
only from the second month, however in some cases such indirect
symptoms like drowsiness, lethargy, apathy of the dog at 2-3 weeks after mating.
The first pregnancy in a dog can be visualized at all “almost”
just before the birth. However, it’s not at all necessary to wait a whole month to
determine whether your dog is pregnant – you can find out in the first month
after mating with the help of special tests and ultrasound in a veterinary clinic.
Diagnosing a dog’s pregnancy with a test
Today, many veterinary clinics offer such a service as a pregnancy test for
dogs The procedure is a laboratory analysis of the dog’s blood serum.
on the content of the hormone “relaxin”. 2-3 week of pregnancy level
the content of this hormone begins to increase, which is revealed as a result
analysis. As a rule, the test carried out at 3-4 weeks of pregnancy dogs
reliable at almost 100%.
Diagnosis of pregnancy bitches using ultrasound
Starting from 24-35 days after mating, determine for sure that the dog is pregnant,
possible using ultrasound. On this period, the ultrasound allows you to clearly
see on the screen amniotic bubbles with embryos inside, however with its help
it is still not possible to know the exact number of puppies in a future litter. In order to
predict the course of pregnancy and assess the viability of the fetus, ultrasound
pregnant dogs are better off doing later. Approximately between 38th and
45th day with the help of ultrasonographic research can be observed
the formation of organs of puppies and even in the smallest details see the ventricles,
auricles and valves of tiny hearts. With a safe course of pregnancy
dogs in fetuses have normal mobility and marked palpitations.
Sometimes the first clinical signs of pregnancy appear by the end of the first
months – the skin of the mammary glands swells slightly, the nipples become clearly visible (in
dogs with fair skin they look bright pink). Also some dogs on
At this stage, an expanding belly may begin to show. However, quite often
these symptoms appear a little later.
Diagnosis of the state of a bitch and puppy health in late pregnancy
Starting from the second month after mating, the owners no longer need to guess or
resort to tests and ultrasound in order to determine whether the dog is pregnant. Bitch
begins to gain weight, mammary glands swell and increase in size, also
already clearly increases the belly. Especially sharply dog gains weight for three
weeks before delivery. At 6-7 weeks of pregnancy (38th-45th day) with abdominal palpation
the cavities are already probing puppies (inexperienced owners are advised not to
this procedure alone in order to avoid injury to the dog and the fruit). On
from 48-50 days it is already possible to carry out X-ray examination,
which allows you to accurately determine how many puppies will be born.
Milk during the first pregnancy of a dog may appear only in a few
hours before or immediately after delivery. A dog who gives birth is not the first time, it
sometimes it starts to stand out already on the 40th day of pregnancy. Average normal
is considered the beginning of lactation for 7-10 days before delivery.
An important indicator to diagnose the course of pregnancy and
To predict the time of onset of labor in a dog is rectal temperature.
If in the early stages of normal development of the fruit the temperature of the dog
remains in the normal range, then in the last week of pregnancy, the indicators
start to noticeably “ride”. 8 – 24 hours before delivery, the temperature is usually
decreases sharply (for large breeds it can drop to 37? C, and for small breeds it can also drop
36? C). Normally, the temperature of the dog returns after delivery.
Pregnancy of a dog is an important and responsible time both for the animal and for its owner. Wanting to get offspring, each owner immediately after mating begins to carefully look at the behavior and condition of the dog, hoping to see the first signs of pregnancy.
In fact, it is rather difficult to determine whether a pet is pregnant or not, since dogs become pregnant only in late terms.
In the early stages it is not possible to establish this fact precisely, but it is still possible to assume its presence.
Signs of pregnancy in dogs
In early terms, a dog may experience increased appetite or the appearance of unusual eating habits.
A pregnant dog has a behavioral change. She may become more cautious, affectionate and sensitive.
In the case of a successful mating, the selection of the dog stops or changes color.
The manifestation of pregnancy signs in dogs is an individual process. Signs appearing in one dog may be absent in another.
The most effective are medical methods for determining pregnancy. And if it makes sense to do radiography at a later time, then palpation and ultrasound will help determine the presence of pregnancy at a fairly early time. An experienced specialist will be able to easily determine the presence of pregnancy with the fingers, provided that there is no fatty layer that is too thick.
Stages of pregnancy in dogs
Pregnancy of dogs on average lasts 60 days, but the birth of puppies can occur from 53 days to 70.
The course of pregnancy in dogs is divided into several main stages.
Until day 14, fertilized embryos move and fixate in the uterus.
Starting from the 15th day of pregnancy, the formation of the organs of the future offspring takes place, and by the 24th day the size of the embryo is about 1 cm. This gestation period is the optimal period of the ultrasound examination.
Day 32 is considered the beginning of the second half of pregnancy – at this time the embryo enters the fetus stage. Around this point, the dog begins to increase the abdomen.
By day 50, the abdomen is greatly enlarged; Sometimes you can even watch the movement of puppies. By day 58, dogs begin to produce milk. From this day it is worth starting to prepare for childbirth. It’s not a fact that it will happen from day to day, but it’s still worth preparing a special place and some equipment.
The birth of healthy puppies is happiness for the dog and the owner. If the childbirth passed without complications – you should not bother the held mother with your attention. It is better to leave the animal and its offspring alone.
Pregnancy in dogs. What will the pet owner have to meet during the puppy period?
Pregnancy in dogs is an important stage in the life of an animal, associated with stress for the body and a serious restructuring of its vital activity. In veterinary medicine, instead of the term “pregnancy”, it is preferable to use another name for this physiological condition – “congestion”. Pregnant dogs require special care and supervision of the owner, on which the success of the upcoming delivery is largely dependent.
How long does the pregnancy last in dogs?
The duration of whelping in dogs varies from 56 to 72 days. Term gestation of offspring may have some dependence on the size of the dog and its breed. The earlier puppies are born, the less viable they will be. Normal is the beginning of labor at 60-66 days of pregnancy.
If this does not happen in the specified period, it makes sense to seek the advice of a veterinarian, so that he set up an observation of the animal. Childbirth in young bitches may occur earlier. The length of the offspring may also depend on the number of puppies. If there are few puppies, the pregnancy may come a little later than the period calculated by the owner.
How to determine pregnancy
To determine the signs of pregnancy in dogs at an early stage is quite a challenge for an attentive dog owner. Usually, an increase in the volume of the abdomen occurs only in the second month of gestation. The first month should pay attention to the following points:
- Pay attention to the dog’s appetite. Most pregnant bitches at an early stage of gestation lose their appetite and eat less than usual. However, not always loss of appetite is a sign of pregnancy. In addition, not all dogs go through a stage of losing interest in food.
- Behavior. Some dogs in the first weeks of pregnancy begin to feel worse – they can become apathetic, lethargic, slow and non-energy. If the dog is usually playful and energetic, and some time after the mating she began to sleep more and reluctantly respond to commands, she may have become pregnant. In the first weeks of gestation, the dog may become more affectionate and sociable. The opposite situation may arise – the pet will seek solitude in secluded places.
- Pay attention to the size of the nipples of the dog – in some individuals, they may increase as early as 2 weeks of pregnancy. The skin on the nipples becomes thicker, and in dogs that are not pregnant for the first time, the nipples may begin to hang.
- If you regularly visit the vet, you can determine the pregnancy by the content of relaxin in the blood. This substance is produced in the dog’s body at 3 weeks of gestation.
- In the second month of pregnancy, the dog’s appetite may increase significantly.
- Fruits can be palpated for 3-4 weeks. They are located on both sides of the bitch’s abdomen in the form of dense lumps. Later, the offspring is palpable.
- The stomach begins to grow and become elastic, the nipples swell, being filled with milk.
- At this stage, colorless or pale discharge may appear from the dog’s vagina.
- Toward the end of the second month, the pregnancy of the dog becomes apparent. If there are many puppies, the stomach can interfere with the dog while moving. For 45 days, you can take an X-ray and determine the amount of offspring.
Signs of an approaching birth
The dog begins to feel uncomfortable, does not sit in one place, randomly moves around the room. Some dogs may keep closer to the owner, while others, on the contrary, seek solitude. On the last day or two before birth, the dog begins to look for a safe place for brood. If the owner provides her with comfortable conditions for childbirth, the dog may lie down there and no longer get up until the very beginning of the process.
Pregnant Dog Care Tips
Next, we will try to describe this process by periods so that each owner can prepare.
In the first month of pregnancy, it is not recommended to keep dogs in their arms with their stomachs up. This can lead to a reversal of the uterine horns. Also, dogs should not be allowed to sleep on their backs. It is not recommended to probe the bitch at 5-6 weeks of pregnancy. In young bitches, pregnant for the first time, it is better not to feel the belly at all.
Keep children away from a pregnant dog – the animal may become nervous and prone to aggression during gestation. Do not allow strangers and other dogs to the dogs. By the end of gestation and in the first days after giving birth, caution should be exercised and the owner himself – in protecting the offspring, the dog can bite him.
Up to 40-45 days of pregnancy, the bitch should walk more and move, although just at this time the dog may become prone to laziness. It is not necessary to rape a dog, but try to walk with it a little longer – this is necessary to strengthen the muscles and, therefore, contributes to more successful childbirth.
Proper physical activity – the key to a painless and fast delivery. In addition, physical activity somewhat slows the growth of puppies, which also helps to facilitate childbirth. Growth puppies can gain sweat, while feeding milk. Reduce the load should be 20-25 days before delivery, when puppies begin to push. A week before the birth, you can stop such physical activities as running and jumping.
Nutrition puppy dogs should consist of high-quality products, and the content of protein and calcium should be increased compared with the usual diet. The best source of protein is raw (but boiled and safe) meat and offal, the best source of calcium is curd (especially if there are no bones in the diet). This is the basis of a pregnant dog’s diet. When using natural products, the risk of overdosing of any elements is reduced. If you usually feed your dog with special feeds, you should not stop giving him at all – just significantly increase the proportion of natural food.
When carrying puppies in the warm season, you need to spend more time outdoors with your dog, increasing the duration of sun exposure (this contributes to the production of vitamin D). Folic acid is also needed (it is abundant in greens, especially in asparagus, raspberry leaves, broccoli and
In the second month of pregnancy, it makes sense to increase the proportion of natural food with the addition of vitamins and fish oil in the dog’s diet. Whether to give her artificial additives with minerals – an experienced veterinarian will answer you better.
Pest Control and Hygiene
Conduct anthelmintic procedures and removal of external parasites should be prior to mating, about 2 weeks. The anthelmintics given during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage. If infection still occurs during pregnancy, then use soft and gentle medicines. During gestation, you should monitor the condition of the dog’s hair, teeth and auditory passages.
This physiological condition may occur in females that were not tied. During a false pregnancy, the dog has all the signs of behavior characteristic of whelping. The dog may begin to prepare the nest and even experience something similar to labor pains. At the same time, milk production can begin. Such an animal may require therapy with sedatives, which will be prescribed by a veterinarian.
After some time, the dog returns to normal. A false pregnancy usually does not affect the possibility of real generosity in the future. Veterinary medicine considers the reasons for a false pregnancy to be excessive or uneven release of specific hormones in a dog’s body. Normally, this neurohormone is made only after fertilization of the egg. Sometimes a false pregnancy occurs in inflammatory processes and accumulations of pus in the uterus.
And let’s fix everything we read with a video clip, which will decompose all the knowledge gained on the shelves. See:
Let your dog breed healthy puppies. Health them.
4 methods: Signs of early pregnancy Signs of the average stage of pregnancy Signs of late pregnancy Signs of intimacy
It can be difficult to determine whether a dog is pregnant until the last few weeks of its nine-week pregnancy, when its belly grows in size, which is hard not to notice. The most reliable way is to take her to the vet, but knowing about the physical and behavioral changes that can occur in the case of pregnancy is also helpful. This article describes how to determine the presence of pregnancy in a dog by examining the signs of early, middle and late stages of pregnancy.