The human body exists in constant interaction with the environment, therefore, for all people, without exception, meteosensitivity is characteristic – the body’s ability (first of all, the nervous system) to respond to changes in weather factors, such as atmospheric pressure, wind, solar radiation intensity, etc.
However, the reaction of a practically healthy person rarely goes beyond physiologically explainable changes, such as, for example, increased drowsiness in cloudy weather or a tendency to an elevated background of mood on a sunny spring day.
In cases where a change in weather conditions causes pronounced discomfort or even symptoms of pathology, they speak of increased meteosensitivity – of meteorological dependence. Among these symptoms are:
- pain in the heart;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases (hypertension, angina, arthritis, neuropsychiatric diseases).
The appearance of pathological symptoms during meteorological dependence may even somewhat outpace the change in weather, turning a person into a kind of living barometer.
The urgency of the problem
Today, many people suffer from meteorological dependence. Thus, according to the latest statistical data, every third inhabitant of the middle band notes the symptoms of increased meteosensitivity.
This situation is associated with a number of factors, including the most significant ones:
- general neurotization of the population (meteo-dependence is especially common among residents of large cities exposed to a greater number of stressful influences);
- an increase in the number of diseases occurring with meteorological dependence (hypertension, vegetative-vascular dystonia and
Mechanisms of the impact of weather factors on the human body
Causes of meteorological dependence on atmospheric pressure drops
The magnitude of atmospheric pressure is imperceptible, however, perhaps the most important weather factor affecting virtually all systems of the human body.
The fact is that when the atmospheric pressure drops, a change in pressure occurs in the body cavities, which leads to irritation of the baroreceptors (nerve endings reacting to pressure changes) of the blood vessels, pleura and peritoneum, the inner surface of the joint capsules.
It is for this reason that people with sore joints can easily predict a change in the weather. Exacerbation of arthritis indicates a decrease in atmospheric pressure, which portends a soon deteriorating weather conditions.
The irritation of patients suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system is associated with the irritation of vascular baroreceptors – during such periods they may have sudden drops in blood pressure, rhythm disturbances and heart rate, deterioration of the general condition.
People who survived chest trauma or suffer from chronic pleurisy, while lowering blood pressure, often feel chest pains of obscure localization due to irritation of the pleural baroreceptors.
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are associated with both irritation of peritoneal baroreceptors and changes in pressure in the abdominal organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Even practically healthy people often complain of bloating of the stomach and intestines with sharp drops in atmospheric pressure.
A similar mechanism underlies the meteo dependence on atmospheric pressure in the following categories of people: 1. Persons who have suffered a traumatic brain injury. 2. Patients suffering from increased intracranial pressure. 3. Persons with chronic diseases of upper respiratory tract (maxillary sinusitis, frontitis, Eustachitis and
Another mechanism of the adverse effect of a decrease in atmospheric pressure is related to the fact that the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood decreases, and this leads to hypoxia of organs and tissues of the human body.
Cells of the cerebral cortex are most sensitive to hypoxia; therefore, sometimes even healthy people experience headaches with changes in atmospheric pressure.
Especially often, a decrease in atmospheric pressure provokes a headache in patients suffering from diseases occurring with chronic oxygen deficiency. First of all, we are talking about the following groups of diseases: 1. Pathologies occurring with chronic respiratory failure: severe diseases of the lungs and bronchi, "blue" heart defects (Fallot’s tetrad, etc.). 2. General or local circulatory disorders, leading to hypoxia of organs and tissues (chronic heart failure, impaired blood circulation in the vessels of the brain, etc.). 3. Severe anemia of any origin.
Causes of meteorological dependence on sudden temperature changes
Studies have found that temperature fluctuations of no more than 3-4 degrees, no one cause discomfort. But an unexpected warming or cooling of more than 7-8 degrees can cause a reaction even in the most undemanding to the weather conditions of people.
Sudden change of temperature in itself represents a great burden on the body. Therefore, for people suffering from chronic diseases, doctors do not advise changing climate zones (to go far to the south in winter and
In addition, it is noted that cooling is especially badly tolerated. A sharp decrease in temperature extremely adversely affects the human immune system, which is statistically confirmed by bursts of colds in response to a severe cooling.
Therefore, in cold weather, people suffering from chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases (chronic pyelonephritis, chronic tonsillitis, chronic pharyngitis, chronic sinusitis and
Optimal indicators of relative humidity for humans – 50-55%.
Too dry air contributes to drying out of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, and increases the risk of developing acute respiratory diseases. This should be kept in mind during the cold season, when an unfavorable microclimate with overdried air is often created in heated premises.
However, the increased humidity in the natural conditions of our latitudes is much more common, and creates pronounced discomfort in the cold and hot seasons.
Dampness significantly reduces the body’s resistance to cold, because water has a high heat capacity, and literally draws heat from the body. There are cases of frostbite fingers at temperatures above zero (2-4 degrees Celsius). Especially dangerous is the combination of low temperature, high humidity and wind.
In the hot season, high humidity significantly reduces heat transfer, and therefore increases the risk of overheating and heat stroke.
Almost all patients with chronic skin diseases, respiratory and cardiovascular pathology are weather-dependent on relative humidity.
Air velocity (wind)
The wind irritates the nerve receptors of the skin and open mucous membranes, therefore, people with pathologies of the nervous system are meteo-dependent on the indicators of air velocity.
Often, a strong wind causes migraine attacks, aggravates the symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia, and even can cause depression in susceptible individuals.
In addition, a strong wind contributes to relapse in people suffering from chronic diseases of the eyes and skin, mechanically acting on the affected areas.
The sun’s rays affect all organs and systems of the human body. Meteo-dependence on solar radiation is especially great in children, old people, people with skin, nervous, endocrine, and immune system pathologies.
The lack of solar radiation leads to a decrease in immunity, the development of hypovitaminosis D, the occurrence of neuroses and depressions, and hyperinsolation causes photodermatitis and contributes to the development of malignant tumors, so long-term sun exposure is strictly forbidden for people with an unfavorable cancer history.
In addition, increased solar radiation may exacerbate systemic autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. It also adversely affects the course of skin diseases.
Causes of meteorological dependence on the electromagnetic field of the Earth
Solar activity affects the human body not only directly through radiation, but also indirectly – changing the electromagnetic field of the Earth.
We do not feel the existence of electromagnetic waves of our own planet, but this does not prevent them from affecting us. The most significant are the two mechanisms of action: on the central system of neuroendocrine regulation, and directly on the vascular tone.
Thus, the following categories of patients fall into the risk group due to increased meteosensitivity to changes in the Earth’s electromagnetic field:
- age over 55 years old (increases sensitivity of the neuro-endocrine system);
- unfavorable history of the central nervous system (traumatic brain injuries, strokes and
Causes of Seasonal and Climate Meteo Dependence
All weather factors affect the human body collectively, so they often speak of seasonal weather dependence, that is, dependence on a combination of weather factors characteristic of a given season, or on climate dependence, as dependence on weather conditions specific to a given region.
Statistically seasonal meteorological dependence is recorded by outbreaks of influenza and other acute respiratory infections in the autumn-winter period. At the same time, people with weakened immunity are most susceptible to seasonal diseases, as well as persons belonging to particularly sensitive age categories (the elderly, children).
In addition, there are a number of diseases that occur with seasonal exacerbations, such as:
- peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer (spring and autumn);
- depression and neurosis (spring and autumn);
- chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases (autumn and winter);
- severe pathologies occurring with the depletion of the body (spring and autumn).
The influence of a combination of weather factors on the human body was noticed for a long time. Long before the creation of modern theories of the effects of weather on the human body, clinicians advised "change climate" in diseases of the nervous and endocrine systems, cardiovascular pathologies, chronic infectious and inflammatory processes, pulmonary diseases.
It should be noted that in many cases, climate change really had a pronounced therapeutic effect. Climatic resorts and today help to restore their health to millions of people.
Meteoneurosis, as the cause of meteozavisimosti
Sensitivity to changes in weather conditions depends not only on the presence of certain diseases, but also on the adaptation capabilities of the organism. So, even patients with chronic diseases that contribute to the emergence of meteozavisimosti, can maintain relative resistance to weather changes.
At the same time, practically healthy people often suffer from manifestations of meteo-dependence — in this case they speak of meteo-neurosis, which is a functional disorder of the neuroendocrine regulation, drastically reducing the body’s ability to adapt to changing weather conditions.
There are the following risk factors for the development of meteo-neurosis:
- genetic predisposition;
- rare outdoor stay;
- bad habits (smoking, caffeine and alcohol abuse);
- increased intellectual loads;
Degree of meteorological dependence
Healthy lifestyle as the best medicine for meteorological dependence
The treatment of meteo-dependence should be directed both to the treatment of diseases contributing to the development of this pathology, and to increasing the adaptive capacity of the organism.
Scientists have concluded that the main link in the development of meteozavisimosti is a violation of the central nervous system, which provides the adaptive capacity of the organism. Unfortunately, today neurasthenia for many people has become "familiar" disease. Therefore, the treatment of meteorological dependence should begin with the elimination of factors harmful to the central nervous system.
It is necessary to give up bad habits (coffee, tea, cigarettes, alcohol) and to normalize the mode of the day, taking enough time to sleep. If there are any problems with sleep (insomnia, sleep rhythm disturbance, sleep apnea), they should be corrected in consultation with a professional somnologist.
Neuroses and depression are diseases of big cities, which are a powerful factor in the development of severe meteo-dependence. Often these diseases occur in a latent form, so that the patient does not notice his, which has become habitual, irritability and a reduced background mood, explaining them to stress and other life circumstances.
Thus a vicious circle is formed: irritability increases the amount of stress, and stress, in turn, further aggravates neurosis. To break such a circle often can only help a professional psychologist.
Two more important factors provoking the occurrence of meteorological dependence are hypodynamia and inadequate exposure to fresh air. Practicing long walks in the parks or in the countryside, you will increase physical activity, saturate the lungs with clean oxygen-rich air and conduct a gradual training of the body’s adaptation forces. More about healthy living
How to treat meteozavisimosti using diet?
If we talk about a diet with meteo dependence, then, first of all, it should be noted that overweight is a risk factor for the development of increased meteosensitivity. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid in every way possible calorie-rich foods that are poor in nutrients, such as sugar and confectionery, animal fats, fast food and
Meals with meteorological dependence should be complete and balanced, that is, contain a sufficient amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements.
In this case, it is desirable to replace the refractory animal fats with vegetable oils, and to replenish the reserves of animal protein mainly due to dietary meat (chicken, turkey), eggs, fish, protein-rich dairy products (cheese, cottage cheese).
Should we also reduce the amount of easily digestible carbohydrates? and give preference to food containing dietary fiber (wholemeal flour, muesli, fruits, vegetables, cereals).
In adverse periods, it is best to go on a light dairy-vegetable diet with the inclusion of lean fish and seafood. The fact is that heavy fatty foods cause a rush of blood to the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, robbing the cells of the cerebral cortex. Subjectively, this is manifested by weakness, dizziness, and even the occurrence of headache in susceptible individuals.
In any weather, fresh vegetable salads, dry and fresh fruits are very useful. It should be noted that preference is better to give vegetables and fruits growing in our strip, because the body is genetically adapted to their normal absorption.
If cloudy days cause depression, and there are no additional contraindications, then it is permissible to eat a universal remedy for the blues – black or milk chocolate.
The basis of the development of meteo-dependence is a violation of the body’s adaptation to changing weather factors, so even in cases where the pathology is caused by a particular disease of the body, special medications are prescribed that increase the body’s resistance to environmental factors – adaptogens.
Adaptogens include a large group of medicines, both natural and artificial. The most famous of them are: Eleutherococcus, ginseng, preparations of reindeer antlers (Pantocrinum) and waste products of bees (Apilak), Trekrezan, a synthetic drug, etc.
Despite the different origins, all drugs in this group have similar mechanisms of action, and therefore, general indications and contraindications.
In addition to meteorological dependence, adaptogens are prescribed as a general tonic agent, so they should be taken in the morning to avoid insomnia.
Adaptogens are contraindicated in hypertension, insomnia and idiosyncrasy. Some drugs increase the tone of the myometrium, and can cause miscarriage during pregnancy, therefore, women who are expecting a child should choose adaptogens together with the attending physician.
An overdose of drugs from the group of adaptogens can cause depletion of the nervous system and, as a consequence, an increase in meteorological dependence. Therefore, before taking these drugs should consult with your doctor, and in any case not to increase the dose without permission.
How to cope with meteorological dependence with honey?
If you want to combine business with pleasure, try to cope with meteorological dependence with natural bee honey.
This is the oldest remedy for the treatment of various ailments, which has a powerful restorative effect, stabilizes the nervous system, normalizes vascular tone and boosts immunity.
In addition, honey is a natural universal adaptogen that increases the body’s resistance to adverse factors, including fluctuations in meteorological indicators.
Most useful for meteorological dependence are lime and buckwheat varieties of honey. Most experts advise to give preference to honeycomb, because when hardware is extracted from honeycomb, honey loses some useful properties.
To get rid of meteozavisimosti help other bee products – propolis and royal jelly. It is better to take these drugs after a preliminary consultation with a specialist.
However, be careful – vitamin preparations are far from being harmless. So, for example, fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, etc.) in case of overdose cause dangerous diseases – hypervitaminosis.
Moreover, scientific evidence suggests that even ascorbic acid (vitamin C known to all) with prolonged uncontrolled use can cause serious complications.
Therefore, before you begin a prophylactic intake of vitamins, consult your doctor.
How to cure meteozavisimost, taking healing baths?
Pool visit, douche, wiping and
A characteristic symptom of meteorological dependence is fatigue and rapid fatigability, so the indisputable advantage of therapeutic baths is that they allow you to relax and rest during the procedure.
Depending on the expected effect, therapeutic baths with meteorological dependence can be divided into three groups: 1. Toning. 2. Soothing. 3. Used to relieve the acute symptoms of meteopathy.
To eliminate the pronounced symptoms of meteo dependence, water is used close to body temperature, that is, about 36-37 degrees (neutral baths). To be in such a bath can be indefinitely. Neutral bath relieves stress on the body, and contributes to the normalization of the general condition.
Toning baths are taken in the morning, with severe weakness and loss of strength. They increase the mood and overall tone of the body, help to cope with the attacks of morning depression and tune in to an active lifestyle.
The temperature of the water of the classical tonic bath does not exceed 20 degrees, however, the body should be prepared for such a procedure gradually so as not to provoke the development of a cold. Cold baths are contraindicated in the presence of chronic foci of infection in the body, because they can cause a relapse of the disease.
For people who are especially sensitive to low temperatures, it is best to stay at a water temperature of 30 degrees – such baths are called cool. They also have a tonic effect, although less pronounced.
The time of the procedure with a tonic bath should not exceed 3-5 minutes, so as not to cause hypothermia.
After the bath you need to rest for half an hour.
Soothing baths take mostly at night. They calm the nervous system, promote healthy sleep and proper rest. The temperature of the soothing baths is about 38 degrees (warm bath), while in the water you can be up to 40 minutes, gradually adding warm water as it cools.
Healing baths can not only relieve the symptoms of meteozavisimosti, but also increase the body’s resistance to environmental changes, contributing to the elimination of the pathology itself. But in order to cure meteorological dependence with the help of therapeutic baths, their course application is necessary. As a rule, the doctor prescribes a course of 10-15 procedures.
The effectiveness of therapeutic baths will increase significantly when special additives are added to water, such as sea salt, essential oils, decoction of pine needles and healing herbs.
It is necessary to adjust the water temperature and the time of the procedure. So, for example, the popular sea salt is used for baths with a temperature of 36 to 40 degrees. In this case, the duration of stay in the water should not exceed 20 minutes.
In addition, when using medicinal additives, there are additional rules: before taking a bath, you should wash and rub the body with a soft sponge, so that the solutes more actively affect the skin, and after the procedure, you must take a shower to eliminate salt or biologically active substances.
Therapeutic baths have a pronounced effect on the state of the body, therefore, like all serious therapeutic agents, have contraindications. First of all, it is hypertension and other serious diseases of the cardiovascular system, infectious diseases in the acute stage, skin pathology, pregnancy, menstruation, etc.
Special contraindications exist for medicinal supplements, so if you decide to cure weather dependence with the help of baths, it is best to consult with your doctor beforehand.
It is advisable to include aromatherapy, which is an inhalation of biologically active substances with adathogenic properties, in a complex of means to combat meteorological dependence.
For aromatherapy, essential oils of medicinal plants are used, such as:
- rosemary and others
Selection of essential oil depends on the season (for example, it is believed that eucalyptus is better in winter and lavender in summer), meteo-dependence clinic features (tonic essential oils are used for brittleness, and soothing for nervousness) and on the patient’s personal preferences.
Contraindications to aromatherapy are asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, skin allergies, idiosyncrasy. More about aromatherapy
Weather sensitivity and weather dependence in babies
Physiological causes of meteosensitivity and meteozavisimosti in babies
Increased meteosensitivity in infants is a physiological phenomenon. The neuroendocrine regulation system and the immune system in the first year of life are in the formative stage, therefore the adaptive capacity of the organism in infancy is greatly reduced. For example, babies are more likely than adults to suffer from overheating, which can cause serious complications, even death.
On the other hand, the rapid growth and development of the body makes great demands not only on the nutrition of the child, but also on the state of the environment, so adverse climatic conditions can cause a delay in the physical and psycho-emotional development of the baby. Thus, the lack of solar radiation leads to the development of rickets, and an excess adversely affects the state of the central nervous system, skin, and can provoke allergic diseases.
Babies are especially sensitive to changes in atmospheric pressure. This is due to the presence of fontanelles – areas of the cranium that are not covered by bone or cartilage tissue.
Another reason for the increased sensitivity of infants to a decrease in atmospheric pressure is the physiological immaturity of the digestive tract, so that changing the weather often leads to the accumulation of gases in the gut of the crumbs, and causes painful colic.
The symptoms of meteorological dependence in infants are usually associated with a decrease in atmospheric pressure, so that they either appear on gloomy rainy days or, like a barometer, foreshadow the deterioration of weather conditions.
First of all, the general condition of the baby suffers – it becomes sluggish, tearful, loses appetite, is capricious. Some infants may experience a typical intestinal colic clinic: a child cries for a long time, puts out legs, refuses breast or takes a breast and leaves, starting to cry.
In case of severe weather dependence, even a certain regression of signs of development on cloudy days is possible. The baby may temporarily "to unlearn" sit without support "okay", "forget" first words and
Pathologies that are risk factors for the development of meteozavisimosti in babies
In case of pronounced meteorological dependence, doctors advise parents to conduct a full examination of the baby, since hypersensitivity to changes in weather conditions often indicates pathology.
So, intestinal colic in response to a decrease in atmospheric pressure often indicate diseases such as dysbiosis and exudative diathesis. It should be noted that in the latter case, the skin manifestations of allergic reactions can be expressed mildly, so that intestinal colic, aggravated by changes in atmospheric pressure, may be the first sign of the need to change the milk mixture, or go to a special hypoallergenic diet.
Severe meteorological dependence with a predominance of disturbances on the part of the central nervous system (decreased activity, loss of appetite, tearfulness, moodiness, reduced rates of development, or even some regression and
How to deal with meteorological dependence in babies?
If meteozavisimosti in infants develops as one of the symptoms of the disease (hydrocephalus, exudative diathesis, etc.), then treatment, first of all, should be aimed at eliminating this pathology.
However, in most cases, increased meteosensitivity in infants is the result of minor functional disorders of the central nervous system, or even an individual feature of the organism.
The treatment of meteorological dependence in infants, regardless of the reason, should include bracing measures:
- normalization of the day and nutrition;
- prevention of dysbiosis;
- massage and exercise therapy;
- according to indications – vitamin therapy.
If a change in the weather causes intestinal colic in a baby, then it is treated according to the usual schemes (fennel, dill water, a diet of a nursing mother, or the correct selection of the mixture, if the child is artificially fed).
In conclusion, it should be noted that since infants are physiologically predisposed to increased meteosensitivity, their adaptive capacities should not be subjected to additional loads – the climate zones should not be changed without extreme necessity, in particular, they should be taken to rest "to the sea" and
Weather sensitivity and weather dependence in children
The causes of meteorological dependence in children can be divided into three groups: 1. Associated with the presence of chronic diseases or malformations. 2. Psychological problems. 3. Individual features of the body.
Diseases of the central nervous system, both functional (minimal brain dysfunction, vegetative-vascular dystonia, neurasthenia, etc.) and organic genesis (the consequences of head injuries, neuroinfections, cerebral palsy, and
Also, acute and chronic infectious diseases and helminthic invasions often contribute to increased meteosensitivity. In addition, the cause of the body’s increased response to changes in weather factors can be any disease that leads to a general depletion of the body.
An important role in the development of meteo dependence is played by psychological factors. Therefore, an increased sensitivity to weather changes is most often manifested against the background of stress, such as starting a visit to a pre-school childcare institution or school, moving to a new place of residence, increased workload during exams, problems in the family or in communication with peers, and
Recently, a lot of data have appeared that testify to the hereditary nature of meteosensitivity. Some researchers also note that the increased attention of parents to weather changes can trigger meteo-neurosis in children.
It should be noted that often pronounced meteo-dependence arises when the complex effects of all groups of causal factors aggravate each other.
How to get rid of meteorological dependence in a child?
The first step to the treatment of meteo-dependence in children is the correct diagnosis. The fact is that often parents do not pay attention to its symptoms, which can be quite diverse. A change in the weather may, in some cases, cause lethargy and drowsiness, and in others, an increased activity, combined with a concentration disorder.
Often, meteo-dependence in children is manifested by capriciousness, tearfulness and irritability. Therefore, when these signs appear, they should be traced to the changes in the weather.
If you suspect increased meteosensitivity, the child, as well as an adult, should undergo a full study to identify factors that trigger a decrease in adaptation.
When making a diagnosis of a particular pathology, it produces an adequate therapy (rehabilitation of chronic infection foci, elimination of psychological problems and
Regardless of the reasons that provoked meteorological dependence, treatment includes the normalization of the daily routine and the elimination of factors irritating the nervous system (television viewing, a computer watch, too noisy events and
Showing long walks in the fresh air, moderate exercise (swimming is especially useful). You must consult with your doctor about the appointment of courses of massage, physical therapy, vitamin therapy.