The fact that in the period of carrying a child can swell legs, hands, face, many new pregnant women know. And it seems to be considered normal, because it happens often. But why then do doctors so diligently monitor the analysis and by all means pay attention to whether their ward is swollen? Is “pregnant” swelling can be something dangerous?
Puffiness is the condition when excess fluid is collected in the tissues. We notice this in the form of swelling, which is primarily manifested on the face and legs, but also during pregnancy, the arms, abdomen, lower back can swell.
In fact, edema during pregnancy is not uncommon and has its own explanation. First, the body’s need for fluid is constantly increasing, so the farther, the more the woman wants to drink. Much of the weight gained during pregnancy is just liquid. Secondly, sodium accumulates in the woman’s body – in the vessels and in all tissues, except bone tissue. And sodium, as is known, attracts to itself and, thus, retains water in the body. So there are swelling.
Nose swelling during pregnancy
First of all, fluid retention in the tissues appears on the woman’s face: it is rounded, the eyelids swell and the eyes become visually smaller. Often with swelling on the face, kidney edema begins, requiring treatment, which is slightly lower.
Among other things, the nose swells up. But it is not at all possible that such a symptom has a different nature. Problems with nasal breathing are quite common among women in the position. Often we are talking about the “runny nose pregnant”, which is caused by hormonal changes. In this case, the nasal mucosa swells, nose breathing becomes difficult, itching and dryness in the nose – the woman is experiencing severe discomfort.
Pregnant rhinitis can manifest itself at different times of the day (for example, only in the evening and at night or throughout the day), at different times, and in some cases accompany the entire pregnancy. But after giving birth, this unpleasant companion will disappear. Now the main thing is to find an effective safe remedy for the common cold and nasal congestion. By itself, a runny nose of pregnant women is not dangerous, but can lead to insufficient oxygen supply to the fetus, which is very undesirable.
Swelling of the nose during pregnancy may well be an allergic manifestation. Analyze all your recent actions and evaluate this probability: it may be necessary to find the source-allergen (new washing powder, flowering plants and
Sometimes swelling of the nose and lips manifests itself already from the first weeks of pregnancy as the earliest symptom, although far more often such nasal swelling occurs already in the last weeks of pregnancy. In general, everything is quite individual: many future mothers do not experience anything like that at all.
Hands and fingers swell during pregnancy
Much more often swelling hands and fingers during pregnancy. A woman feels a tingling in her fingers, a burning sensation in her wrists, numbness in her hands. A clear sign of swelling can be considered swelling of the fingers to the state that it becomes impossible to remove the ring. Another way to check for edema is to press a finger on the skin of the hand: if a dent remains, then we can talk about puffiness.
Hand swelling during pregnancy is more prone to women who work a lot with a computer mouse and keyboard or do other things that require repeated repetitions of the same actions, for example, knitting or sculpting. In this case, the so-called tunnel syndrome develops: the fluid accumulating in the wrist exerts pressure on the nerve passing through here, which causes pain.
Gymnastics for hands and more rest will not prevent you at all.
If the swelling of the hands and fingers during pregnancy is combined with other edemas — back, sacrum, lower abdomen — then this should be reported to your doctor.
Legs are swelling during pregnancy
However, most often swollen legs during pregnancy. They noticeably swell, shod old shoes becomes incredibly difficult, especially if you have walked and slipped a lot before that. The first sign of swelling of the legs may be a mark on the ankle of the socks gum.
In most cases, leg edema during pregnancy appears in the third trimester and does not pose a danger. Almost every pregnant woman is experiencing swelling of the feet of varying degrees, so you should not worry too much about this. But they can also be one of the signs of late toxicosis – a condition that is definitely dangerous for both the child and the woman. Therefore, to ignore this fact, too, and in no case be impossible. Consult your doctor about how to prevent and eliminate swelling of the legs – this is actually not difficult to do at home.
If by the morning the swelling of the legs does not go away, and along with the legs, the arms, face, abdomen and lower back swell, then a visit to the doctor should be made immediately.
Edema in pregnancy: folk remedies
Usually, if you eliminate the cause of edema in a pregnant woman, they disappear on their own within a few days. To do this, it is necessary to significantly reduce the consumption of table salt, do not overwork, ensure a normal rest and exclude exposure to the sun.
It is a mistake to assume that you need to drink as little as possible. Today, doctors no longer advise pregnant women to reduce the amount of fluid consumed in the event of swelling. Indeed, it is impossible to do without a liquid now, it is simply necessary for the normal development of pregnancy, besides, a sharp reduction in its quantity will lead to the opposite effect: the body will begin to accumulate water in the prozapas. So you still have to drink enough – at least one and a half liters excluding soups and fruits. It is best to drink clean water, you can with the addition of lemon, also very useful cranberry and lingonberry fruit drinks (have a diuretic effect). But now give up on coffee.
Eliminate all provoking factors. Eat less salty (first of all, exclude sauerkraut, pickles, herring, black bread, salted nuts, olives), spices, carbonated drinks, foods containing large amounts of sodium (tomatoes, seeds, nuts), turn away from fried smoked Instead, increase the amount of protein in your diet. Once a week you can spend a fasting day on apples and juice.
Do not walk in the heat, do not overdo it, do not linger for a long time in one position, do physical exercises (if there are no contraindications, of course). Of great importance is a good rest and walks in the fresh air. Put your feet on a hill during sleep. Relieve the state will help the adoption of the knee-elbow position for 5-10 minutes.