Psychological training for children

Author – Teacher – psychologist: Lapushkina

The program of classes “Psychological and pedagogical formation of interpsychic actions in primary school age”

This program has four main blocks:

Group classes on the development of communication skills (3 lessons of 40-50 minutes).

Group lessons on the development of self-confidence, increasing self-esteem (3 lessons of 40-50 minutes).

Group classes on the development of creative abilities and enhance mental activity (3 classes of 40-50 minutes).

Group lessons on the development of motivation to learn (3 lessons of 40-50 minutes).

Purpose: development of children’s communication skills, awareness and expression of their feelings, understanding and acceptance of the feelings of other participants in the training, activation of the mechanisms of self-knowledge and self-expression.

Objective: to create a favorable environment for personal self-disclosure.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

Guys, tell me why you need to go to school?

What you need to be able to get new knowledge? (Be able to listen, be able to express your thoughts, be able to communicate and

At our trainings, we will learn to learn the rules of communication, the ability to express our feelings, develop our creative abilities, and learn to behave confidently.

Exercise “Group Rules”

The psychologist-teacher names the basic rules to be followed during the training:

– You can not humiliate and call names.

– Refer to each other only by name.

– Speaking one at a time, if you want to speak, you need to raise your hand and not interrupt the speaker.

– It is impossible to leave the training without the permission of the educational psychologist.

– Actively participate in the training, but following the rules.

Anyone want to add rules?

The rules are written in advance on a sheet of drawing paper, and after they are accepted by the group, they are fixed in a prominent place. During all subsequent classes, the group rules are located there and are reminded by the class leader at the beginning.

Exercise “Call a gentle name”

Purpose: to form a friendly attitude towards each other in children.

Children sit in a circle. In the center goes one child – leading. All the rest in turn call the affectionate versions of his name (or call a gentle word: cat, princess and

Each of the guys will be in the lead role.

Exercise “All who …”

Purpose: the formation of a sense of community in children, the formation of a friendly attitude towards each other.

Children sit on the chairs. The teacher-psychologist offers to perform some action to those children who have something in common.

– Let them stand on the right foot all those who have a good mood today.

– Let them clap everyone who has gray eyes.

– Let touch the tip of the nose to everyone who has something pink (any color) in their clothes.

– Let everyone who ate the whole breakfast today pat their heads.

– Let everyone who has a dog smile

– Let everyone who lives above the 3rd floor say “wow”.

Guys, a lot of you got up. And why? (We have a lot in common – something they didn’t know about before).

Exercise “Blind and guide”

Purpose: to build confidence in the world.

Objects and obstacles are laid out in the office. Pupils are divided into 3-4 groups. Members of each group are divided into pairs. One person is blindfolded. The second becomes a guide.

– Guys, who can tell how a blind person moves in space?

– Who helps him?

One of the pair must hold a cabinet partner (a certain cabinet space), while avoiding obstacles. Then the members of the couple switch roles. Groups do this exercise alternately.

At the end of the exercise, a discussion is held:

– Which of you liked being a guide more? Why?

– Which of you liked being blind more? Why?

– What did you feel when performing the roles of guide and blind?

Exercise “Slivers on the river”

Objective: to create a calm, trusting atmosphere in the group.

Participants stand in two long rows, one opposite the other. It is the banks of the river. The distance between the rows should be more than an outstretched arm. On the river now Slippers will float. The first two participants will be “slivers” and float on the river.

The rest of the participants – this is the “coast” – help hands, gentle touches, the movement of the chips. When Slivers swim all the way, it becomes the edge of the coast and stands next to the others. At this time, the next first pair become Slivers and begin their journey …

The exercise ends when the first Slivers become at the beginning of the river.

At the end of the exercise, a discussion is held:

– What did you like?

– What did not like?

– What did you feel during this exercise?

All participants of the training sit in a circle. Discussion is held:

– And now, which of you wants to share your impressions about the training?

– What did you like or not like?

– What good have you learned?

– Maybe someone learned something?

– Or do you have questions or suggestions for me?

And now everyone clapped and thanked each other for participating in the training.

Meet you at the next training session. Thank you all.

Objective: the development of communication skills

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

Rules of work in a group.

Then, the facilitators set certain rules for working in a group, which are necessary for all participants to feel comfortable and safe. The rules are written in advance on a sheet of drawing paper, and after they are accepted by the group, they are fixed in a prominent place. During all subsequent classes, the group rules are located there and are reminded by the class leader at the beginning.

1. Listen carefully to each other.

2. Speak one by one and do not interrupt the speaker.

3. Respect each other’s opinions.

4. Invaluable judgments.

7. You can not humiliate and call names.

Each of the points of the rules is explained by the moderator.

Exercise “Say hello”

The facilitator invites everyone to greet the hand, but in a special way.

You need to greet you with two hands with two participants at the same time, and you can only release one hand when you find someone who is also ready to say hello, that is, your hands should not remain idle for more than a second. The task is to say hello to all the members of the group in this way. During the game there should be no talk.

Psychological meaning of the exercise

Warm up Establishing contact between participants. A handshake is a symbolic gesture of openness and goodwill. It is important that in this case there is a contact with the eyes – this contributes to the emergence of intimacy and positive indoor installation. The fact that the action takes place without words increases the concentration of attention of the members of the group and gives the action the charm of novelty.

Exercise “Swap”

Objective: to create conditions in order to get to know each other better, to understand how much in common, to increase the interest of participants in each other.

Participants sit on chairs in a circle. The driver (one of the participants of the training) goes to the middle of the circle and watches the other participants. The teacher-psychologist comes behind the backs of the participants and gently touches 3-4 people, who must agree with any other participant without words, switch places. The teacher-psychologist says “Swap places” and those who agreed, switch places. The task of the presenter is to have time to sit down on any vacant seat, but it cannot be pushed. The one who did not have time to sit down becomes the new driver.

The game is repeated 4-5 times.

Think and try to explain self-esteem.

Anyone can speak. Then the presenter summarizes and talks about how important the self-esteem of a person’s psychological comfort is and what self-esteem depends on, feelings, such as boasting, which mask low self-worth, the desire to be an ideal person, and what it can lead to.

Exercise: “Good and bad deeds”

Objective: Awareness of the children of the relationship between actions and self-esteem. Selection of the very concept of self-esteem and the discovery of its connection with mutual respect. And this is a necessary condition for full communication, without which the development of cohesion is impossible.

Participants are divided into two teams, randomly. Each team is given a sheet of drawing paper, felt-tip pens or markers and A4 paper. The task of one team is to write as many actions as possible that allow a person to respect himself more. Accordingly, the task of the other is to write as many actions as possible, due to which a person’s respect for himself is lost. At will, each team can back up words with pictures of the corresponding actions. Given time 15-20 minutes.

Each team presents its own theme. Then there is a general discussion, in the end the educational psychologist summarizes everything said. It is very important to pay attention to the fact that everyone has a choice between those and other actions, but each time, choosing this or that behavior, we gain or lose respect for ourselves.

Objective: to reflect on the content and result of the last lesson, as well as to complete it beautifully on a positive emotional note.

The participants stand in a circle, and the teacher-psychologist offers everyone mentally to put everything on their left hands, then what they came with today, their baggage of mood, thoughts, knowledge, experience, and on the right hand what they got during this lesson. Then, everyone claps their hands at the same time and shouts – YES! or THANKS!

Objective: the development of communication skills.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself. The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “The Princess Nesmeyana”

Objective: the formation of children friendly attitude towards each other, learning communication skills.

Before the exercise, discuss with the children how bad it is to be sad, and if your friend is sad, you need to support him and even have fun.

Children are divided into two teams. The first team is the Tsarevna Nesmeyana and her subjects. They are very sad never smile, do not do anything interesting. In the second team – funny guys from kindergarten. They should make the first team laugh. In this case, you can do anything you want: jump, tell funny stories, make faces, but you can not touch the participants of the first team with your hands.

Exercise “Monkeys”

Objective: Development of the ability to own the muscles of the face, hands, reducing muscle tension.

Children are divided into pairs. One of them is a monkey, and the others are reflected in a mirror. Monkeys at the command of a psychologist-teacher portray the mood, and the reflection is repeated after the monkey. Then the couple changes roles.

– What role do you like to be? Why?

– Have you had difficulty in doing this exercise?

– Often, facial expressions, posture, gestures, physiological reactions, manner of sitting, standing, walking, involuntarily express the inner state. And all this is an important component of the communication process. Awareness of one’s own physical “I” helps one to better understand oneself – to compare the internal state and feelings, it is easier to express some emotions in physical action.

The coincidence of inner experiences, their awareness and the forms of their expression is a prerequisite for positive and productive interaction between people.

Sometimes inner feelings and moods are different from your behavior. For example, say the words “I want to help”, “I love you” with a frown and clenched fists. This is the discrepancy between your feelings and “body language.” Or, for example, a man at a party missed the whole evening, but at parting, he smiled and said to the hostess: “It was a pleasure to spend the evening with you. “He deliberately says not what he feels, not wanting to offend the hostess. Another example is when a person, not realizing his own anger and aggressiveness, speaks politely, but his posture and intense mimicry do not correspond to the words. It is necessary that your internal state corresponds to your physical actions.

Exercise “Drawing on the back”

Objective: Development of communication skills, responsibility, cohesion within the team. To realize how important it is to tune in to the understanding of another person, as well as the very desire to understand another. Demonstration of the possibility of adequate exchange of information without the use of words, the development and skills of non-verbal communication

Participants are divided arbitrarily into three teams and are built in three columns in parallel. Each participant looks at the same time in the back of his friend. The exercise is performed without words. The educational psychologist shows some simple picture of the last participant in the column and hides it. Each team has its own picture. Then the same picture is drawn with a finger on the back of each person in front of a standing team member. The task is to feel and convey as accurately as possible this drawing further. In the end, standing first in the teams, draw what they felt on sheets of paper and show them to everyone. The presenter takes out his picture and compares it.

Participants are invited to discuss in teams the errors and findings that were in the process of the exercise. To draw conclusions, then, taking into account these conclusions, repeat the exercise. In this case, the first and last members of the teams are swapped.

Discussion in the general circle.

– What helped to understand and convey feelings?

– What did the first and last team members feel in the first and second cases?

– What prevented the exercise?

All participants of the training sit in a circle. Discussion is held:

– And now, which of you wants to share your impressions about the training?

– What did you like or not like?

– What good have you learned?

– Maybe someone learned something?

– Or do you have questions or suggestions for me?

And now everyone clapped and thanked each other for participating in the training.

Meet you at the next training session. Thank you all.

Objective: to develop self-confidence, increase self-esteem.

Objective: the formation of adequate self-esteem.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “My mood”

Purpose: Establishing contact between participants.

The guys sit in a circle, and each tells how he came and what he expected from the class.

Purpose: the formation of self-discovery skills.

Each participant chooses a thing (ice cream, a candle, a chair, a pen and

Telling about an extraneous random subject, participants unwittingly talk about themselves, which leads to self-disclosure and the formation of skills to manage their emotions. Shy may need help.

Discussion: Have you had any difficulties in the story on behalf of the thing you have chosen? What kind?

Exercise “My neighbor is on the left”

Purpose: Development of the ability to find positive qualities in other people .

The teacher-psychologist invites participants to take a close look at their neighbor on the left and name what he is doing well. The circle must close.

Discussion: Was it nice to hear from others a positive assessment of their skills?

Did you have any difficulties? What kind? Why?

Notes for the educational psychologist: It may be difficult for an outcast. We need to remind the guys that there is no way that a person could not do anything.

Exercise “My strengths and weaknesses”

Purpose: formation of skills of adequate self-esteem.

The guys on a piece of paper write in one column your strong, good qualities, and in the second column – the weak, the qualities that hinder you, but you have them. (It is given 5 minutes).

Discussion: – Who wants to read their qualities? (You can not force children to read their qualities without the desire).

– Count how many strong and weak qualities you have. Compare their number. Consider whether you can get rid of some of your weaknesses, and if so, what you need to do.

– You can always get rid of what you do not like in yourself, the main thing is to understand what you want to change in yourself. And how to do it, you can always find.

Goal: getting feedback.

– What did you like? What not?

– How did you feel in class today?

Objective: awareness of the reasons for choosing a model of behavior in different situations.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “What is good and what is bad was happening yesterday”

Purpose: introspection of their behavior.

The guys tell what happened to them yesterday good, and what was bad and why.

Exercise “Unclench fist”

Purpose: emotional conversation.

Participants are divided into pairs: one clenches a fist, and the second tries to open his fingers in one minute. Then the participants switch roles.

– You do not need to break your partner’s fingers, you need to unclench your fist, do not cause pain.

Discussion: – Who and how did you manage to do it? (By force, request, light strokes and

Parable: Argue the sun and the wind, which of them is stronger. A traveler walked along the steppe, and the wind said: “He who manages to remove the cloak from the traveler is even stronger.” The wind began to blow, he tried very hard, and made sure that the traveler only wrapped his cloak more tightly. Then the sun peeped out and warmed the traveler with his rays, and he himself took off his raincoat. ”

– Is it possible to achieve your strength?

– How can this be done differently?

Exercise “Representation of Heroes”

Purpose: development of the ability to understand yourself and other people by their behavior.

– Let’s remember the heroes of the Winnie the Pooh tale and characterize them.

Characteristics are written on the board.

Piglet – dependent and not confident, can not resist influence.

Rabbit – actively imposes his point of view on others, believes that he knows everything, demands to obey.

Donkey Eeyore – does not believe in its own strength, does not believe in the future, is inclined to see in everything sad, bad, unpleasant in everything that surrounds it. (Pessimist).

Notes to the educational psychologist : If the guys do not know the fairy tale and have not seen the cartoon about Winnie the Pooh, you need to get acquainted with this work the day before.

Exercise “Problems of Heroes”

Purpose: development of skills to cope with behavioral problems.

– What do you think that you need to change in yourself Pyatochka, Rabbit and Eeyore?

– What do the heroes need to do so that they can change?

Piglet you need to learn how to say “no” and learn how to defend your point of view.

Rabbit should learn to ask and learn to accept the rejection of others.

Little donkey you need to believe in your own strength and learn how to solve various situations in which he falls.

Exercise “Ears – nose”

Purpose: development of ability to keep calm in a stressful situation.

– It is very important in life to be able to keep calm in various situations. When someone shouts, accuses, insults, it is very useful at times not to be infected with someone else’s aggression and not to answer with a cry for a cry.

– Did you have such situations when you were infected with someone else’s aggression in conflicts?

– What came out of it?

– In order for the conflict not to go into enmity, scuffle, offense, you need to be able to internally withdraw from a stressful situation and tune in to the correct solution of this conflict.

Participants are divided into pairs, some will Piglet, the second – Rabbits. Rabbits scream and blame, Piglet is very afraid of this, he needs to learn how to keep the Rabbit onslaught. His task is not to listen to Rabbit, but to observe the movements of the tips of his ears or nose and to remember his thoughts and feelings that arise at this time. This exercise is given two minutes, then the participants switch roles.

Discussion: – What feelings did partners have in the roles?

– Was it difficult to carry out the task and why?

– What you need to do to stop the attacks of the Rabbit?

Exercise “Sit like sitting …”

Purpose: emotional stress relief.

The teacher-psychologist offers participants to sit on their chairs as they would sit:

– king

– perch roost

Psychological training for children

– police chief

– giraffe

– little mouse

– elephant

– butterfly

Objective: the formation of skills to determine their position in difficult situations; actualization of knowledge acquired in the classroom.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Who is it?”

Purpose: emotional warming up.

One of the participants goes into the corridor. The rest of the guys choose one participant, who must guess the participant who went into the corridor. The guys make up an oral portrait of the selected participant (external data, qualities of character, habits and

Discussion: – Difficulty in guessing the participant?

– Was it difficult to characterize another?

Exercise “Unclench fist”

Purpose: development of the ability to analyze situations.

– You many drive in public transport and see conflict situations that occur between the conductor and the passenger. Who among you wants to tell one of these situations?

– Let’s analyze who is right and who is not. How to get out of this conflict? Or what to do so that there is no conflict?

Exercise “Anti-time”

Purpose: learning how to avoid conflict situations.

– In our class there are different conflicts. Let us recall some situation as a result of which a conflict arose.

It is necessary to discuss this situation in detail, restoring the course of events from the end to the beginning, and find answers to the questions:

– Where is hotbed of conflict?

– How could it be avoided?

Further, the situation is played out in another scenario with corrections. Disassemble a couple of different conflict situations.

Discussion: – If you had planned your behavior in advance, did anything change in their lives?

Avoiding conflicts is not a manifestation of weakness, but an act of an intelligent, mature person.

Exercise “Uninhabited Island”

Purpose: the formation of the ability to take an assessment of themselves.

– A group of three people is being thrown onto an uninhabited island, the task is to survive. And you can only survive next to people who know how to do something, have remarkable personal qualities. One student leaves and chooses two partners and explains his choice.

The same guys can choose several times. The group may be the guys who have not been chosen by anyone, in this case the teacher-psychologist goes with them to the “deserted island”, explains his choice.

– And I would like to take all the guys to the island, because you are all extraordinary and have a huge number of excellent human qualities.

Exercise “Limping monkey”

Purpose: reduction of emotional stress.

– Imagine in front of you a lame monkey, her grimaces, ape, gait, funny faces.

– And now I forbid you to think about this monkey for two minutes.

Those who laughed, go out in a circle.

– Why did you laugh?

Exercise “Suitcase”

Purpose: consolidate the skills, awareness of their values.

– In our classes, you have acquired certain skills and experience. Let’s put together, each for himself a “suitcase” of what you acquired in class and what you would like to realize and apply in life.

All sentences are written on paper, read out (whoever wishes) and transferred to the educational psychologist.

Lead Notes : notes guys are used to assess performance block of knowledge.

– We clap each other and say thanks.

Objective: to develop creative abilities.

Purpose: learns to work in a group; develop creativity.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Mood”

Purpose: creating a friendly working environment.

– Look closely at the neighbor on the left. Take turns calling what your neighbor has today.

Exercise “A meeting”

Purpose: development of contact between participants.

– Imagine that you have not seen each other for five years and this is the long-awaited meeting. How would you say hello to each other? Show.

Exercise “Friendship”

Purpose: learns to express their feelings; to expand the idea of ​​themselves and others as talented, unique personalities; establish closer emotional contact; develop cohesion, ability to coordinate their actions with other team members.

Participants are arbitrarily divided into teams of 5 people and each team is given a list of drawing paper. Also issued a pack of magazines, brochures, postcards, suitable topics.

– Today, you will all be artists and create your own collage. Collage is a creative genre, when a work is created from cut out fragments of a wide variety of images pasted on paper. Each team should create a “Friendship” collage. 20-25 minutes to complete.

– Each team represents their work.

– Well done, all the teams have worked great.

They hang their works on the board and create one big collage, which means a general picture of the friendship of the class.

– Like to create a collage?

– Having trouble? What kind?

– How did you overcome them?

Purpose: getting feedback.

– Guys share your impressions of the lesson, what you liked and what did not.

Purpose: learns to work in a group; develop creativity.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Yes or no”

Purpose: create a friendly working atmosphere

The participants in the circle throw each other a ball with the words “I know that you are today …”. The receiving ball agrees with the assumption or not.

Exercise “Greeting”

Purpose: creating a friendly working environment.

One of the participants goes to the center and stands with his back to the other participants. Some of the participants say “hello”, and the driver should say the name of the one who greeted him. If you have guessed, then another participant replaces him. Exercise lasts 5 minutes.

– Was it hard to guess? Why?

Exercise “Sculpture”

Purpose: development of creative abilities, imagination.

Participants are divided into teams of 5 people. You must silently portray the “sculpture”:

– tank

– planting plants

– teapot

– elephant at the zoo

– change in school

Other teams must guess what was depicted.

Exercise “UFO”

Purpose: development of imagination, activation of attention, thinking and speech.

– Guys, today you will draw an alien. In order to draw it think first what it will be. Turn on all your fantasy.

Children have 15-20 minutes to draw.

– And now each of you will tell about his character, where he lives, what he eats, how he interacts with others, about his character traits.

Purpose: getting feedback.

– Guys share your impressions of the lesson, what you liked and what did not.

Purpose: learns to work in a group; develop creativity.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Give a smile”

Purpose: creating a friendly working environment.

Participants in a clockwise circle give a smile to their neighbor on the left. Moreover, giving a smile, you need to look into the partner’s eyes.

Exercise “From word to story”

Purpose: activation of mental activity.

Participants are divided into three teams. Each team is given a leaflet with words.

– Try to combine a few words so that you get a story.

1. Glade, wheel, cup, excavator, hole, magnifier, scales, bucket, leaves, ravine.

2 Friendship, spring, crocodile, flowers, disaster, songs, money, grief, illness, January.

3. Fire, evening, berries, puddle, holiday, locomotive, requirement, duckling, statement, voice, cadet.

– The story can be written on a piece of paper. You have 10 minutes.

The guys tell what they did.

Discussion: – Having trouble making a story?

– Have all the words been used in the story?

– What words have you taken? Why?

Exercise “Fairy Mystery”

Purpose: activation of mental activity.

– Each of you will receive a card on which a riddle is written. We must not just guess it. Fantasy is infinite, it has no boundaries, so you must portray your otgadku.

Discussion: – Were there any difficulties with this task?

– What was more difficult, to guess the riddle or to portray a riddle?

Exercise “Land of Happiness”

Purpose: learns to work in a group; develop creativity.

Participants are divided into three teams.

– Let’s create our country of happiness. What would you like it to be in this country, draw.

Given 20 minutes.

Discussion: – Tell about your country “Happiness”.

– In the country of “Happiness” always live magic, joy. But we can make our country happy too. Give your loved ones, friends, classmates moments of joy, happiness, something pleasant. In the morning, smile at each other and say “Good morning”, looking into his eyes. Make a nice or a gift.

– Let’s go with you let us be wizards and try to make ourselves and those around us happy.

Purpose: development of non-verbal communication skills, receiving feedback.

Children stand in a circle. The exercise begins educational psychologist. It is necessary without words, with the help of pantomime to show and give a gift to a neighbor on the left. He, in turn, demonstrates his gift (invented by him) and passes it to his neighbor on the left. Can not be repeated. We do everything silently.

– Has anyone guessed what they gave him?

– Nice to get presents?

– Let’s smile at each other and say thank you to everyone.

Objective: to develop motivation for learning

Purpose: creation of comfortable conditions for educational activities; increase self-esteem.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “I know that you have …”

Purpose: creating a friendly working environment.

The participants are standing in a circle throw the ball to each other and say: “I know what you have today …” For example: “I know that you have a good mood today.” The ball must go to everyone.

Exercise “My achievements”

Purpose: increase self-esteem in achieving goals.

– Each person has his own goals in life, and he is looking for and choosing something that will help him achieve his goal. However, you already have what you have already achieved. You should be proud of your success and not be afraid to talk about them.

Participants in a circle pass a small ball. The one who received the ball tells what he has achieved in his life, what he has learned.

For example: learned to work on a computer; play volleyball, ride a skateboard and

Other participants cheer him with the words: “And this is great!”

Discussion: – Tell me, did you have a sense of pride in yourself, did you talk about your achievements?

Exercise “Attitude to learning”

Purpose: diagnosis of student attitudes to specific academic subjects and to the teaching as a whole.

Participants are divided into four teams, and each team is given a task.

– Let’s imagine that we are in the school of the future. This is a school where children can schedule their own lessons. Before each team are pages from the diaries of this school. Fill out this page as you see fit. Every day, multiply to put any number of lessons. Lessons can write what you want. This will be the weekly schedule for our school of the future.

Discussion: Participants read the schedule and explain their choice. Schedules are compared with the actual schedule.

It is possible to calculate the percentage of discrepancies, which will make it possible to diagnose the student’s relationship to the teaching in general, and especially to individual subjects.

Exercise “Point of view” (dispute)

Purpose: learn to defend their point of view.

Participants are divided into two teams. The topic for discussion is the need for school uniforms. One team argues “ Behind the need for school uniform “, another” Vs the need for school uniforms. ” It takes 5-10 minutes to prepare.

Alternately, each team names its argument behind or vs . There is a discussion.

Discussion: – Could you prove your point on this question? How or why?

– Was the discussion friendly? What helped you to do this?

– The main thing in disputes is not to fight, but to calmly prove, giving our arguments, our point of view.

Exercise “Reach for the stars”

Purpose: increase confidence and self-responsibility in achieving the goal.

Exercise is performed under meditative music. Participants stand in a circle.

– Close your eyes. Take three deep breaths and exhale. Imagine that you have a night sky dotted with stars. Look at some particularly bright star that you associate with a dream, desire or goal. Give it a name. Now stretch your arms to the sky and try to touch the star. Try your best. Now take it from the sky and put it in your pocket. You can break a few stars.

Discussion: – Was it difficult to reach your dream?

– What feelings arose when she was in your pocket?

– So in life, when we achieve what we want, we feel good, we feel happy. You can dream about anything, about flying into space and about a bicycle, the most important thing is that a person retains this ability. After all, dreams move us to action, and achieving dreams brings us joy and self-confidence. So dream on health!

Objective: to promote the development of the ability to independently solve complex problems; increase self-esteem.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Good mood”

Purpose: creating a friendly working environment.

Give everyone your good mood.

Exercise “Everyone’s attention”

Purpose: development of the ability to connect verbal and non-verbal means of communication; the formation of skills of focusing on the attention of others through various means of communication.

All participants are invited to perform the same simple task, by any means, without resorting to physical actions, you need to attract the attention of others. The task is complicated by the fact that at the same time it is performed by all participants. Given 5 minutes.

Discussion: – Who was able to attract the attention of others and due to what means.

Exercise “Interview”

Purpose: developing the ability to listen to a partner and improve communication skills; develop the ability to build a dialogue.

Participants are divided into pairs and talk with their partner for 5 minutes, trying to learn about him as much as possible. Then the participants switch roles. Then everyone prepares a short presentation of their interlocutor. The main task is to emphasize his individuality, being different from others. After which the participants take turns to present each other.

Discussion: – Did you get to talk about the individuality of your interlocutor?

– What was harder to interview or answer questions? Why?

Exercise “Joke Tasks”

Purpose: development of motivation to study subjects; develop logic and thinking.

Two fathers and two sons bought three oranges. Each of them got an orange. How could this happen? (grandfather, father, son).

There are 7 brothers in the family, each with one sister. How many children are in a family? (eight).

The bird caught five tits and put them in a cage. On the way, he met 5 pupils and gave them titmouse, and one tit was left in the cage. How could this happen? (gave one bird along with the cage).

Vasya, Oleg and Kolya played checkers. Each of them played in two games. How many games were played in total? (3).

The father of one citizen is Nikolai Petrovich, and the son of this citizen is Alexey Vladimirovich. What is the name of this citizen? ( Vladimir Nikolayevich).

He is hanged, disheartened; he is being bullied, conceited; he is shoved everywhere, interfering in his own business. (Nose).

Not flowers, but wither; not palms, but they are clapped if they do not understand something; not linen, but they are hung up trusting and curious. (Ears).

She is pounded in a mortar or sieve by those who are engaged in useless work; they take it in the mouth when they are silent; by her it is impossible to pour out inseparable friends; dishonest people hide ends in it, sometimes they come out of it dry. (Water).

Psychological training for children

Discussion: – Was it difficult to solve comic tasks? Why?

What is needed so that you can easily solve these funny tasks?

Maybe you need these skills?

Exercise “Change”

Purpose: creating a positive emotional mood.

Children stand in a circle, hold hands.

– Who is the best today? (Children say: “I am the best today!”)

– Who was the first today? ( “I”).

– Well done, today everything worked well, pat your head.

– Thanks, see you.

Objective: to promote the development of the ability to independently solve complex problems; promote self-realization of “I”.

The moderator organizes the space, invites the participants to take a place in the circle and settles in it himself.

The rules of working in a group are repeated.

Exercise “Find a pair”

Purpose: to form a mutual understanding and mutual respect among members of the group.

Each participant is given a half postcard. You need to find your soul mate. Given 5 minutes.

Discussion: – Who found your soul mate?

– Was it hard to do?

Exercise “About whom I speak”

Purpose: develop observation, the ability to focus on the main features of the described object.

The teacher-psychologist describes one of the sitting children, calling his details of clothing and appearance, for example: “This is a girl, she has a skirt and blouse, her hair is blond, the bow is red. She likes to play with dolls. ”

Discussion: – Was it easy or difficult to guess the person in question? Why?

Exercise “My flower”

Purpose: development of trust in yourself.

The teacher-psychologist invites participants to draw a flower on paper (he draws a flower sample himself on the blackboard), in the center each writes his own name. And on each petal write down answers to the following questions:

– What am I well versed in?

– Why i like myself or love myself?

Discussion: – Who wants to read their answers?

– Was it difficult to answer the questions? Why?

Flowers hang on the board.

– Look at our beautiful, colorful and friendly meadow.

Exercise “Who sent the telegram?”

Purpose: promote the development of the ability to independently solve complex problems.

A wolf came and ate six goatlings. Save my brothers! (Kid).

I found boots-walkers, I will soon. (Puss in Boots).

I will, I will wash in the mornings and evenings. (Dirty).

From grandmother left, from grandfather left. I’ll be there soon. (Gingerbread Man).

Fox occupied my house and drove me out. Help! (Hare).

Everything ended well, only my tail remained in the hole. (Wolf).

I bought a samovar. I invite you to tea. (Fly-zokatuha).

Psychological training for children

A simple egg has already been demolished. (Hen).

Remember, everything will disappear after twelve at night. (Fairy).

Grew big very big, come help pull. (Grandfather)

I will not come to visit. Motor haywire. (Carlson).

Discussion: – Was it hard to guess the heroes? Why?

– These heroes, from what works? Name the genre.

– Who wants to meet these heroes?

– And what should be done to get acquainted with these heroes?

Exercise “Suitcase”

Purpose: consolidate the skills, awareness of their values.

– In our classes, you have acquired certain skills and experience. Let’s put together, each for himself a “suitcase” of what you acquired in class and what you would like to realize and apply in life.

All sentences are written on paper, read out (whoever wishes) and transferred to the educational psychologist.

Lead Notes : Notes guys are used to assess the effectiveness of the unit of knowledge.

– You all got a lot of knowledge in the classroom, know how to apply it, this knowledge will be useful to you in life.

– We clap each other and say thanks.

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