Prevention of flatfoot in children

The main objectives of the kindergarten for the physical education of preschoolers are:

  • Protecting and promoting children’s health
  • The formation of vital motor skills of a child in accordance with its individual characteristics, the development of physical qualities
  • Creating conditions for the realization of the needs of children in physical activity
  • Raising the need for a healthy lifestyle
  • Ensuring physical and mental well-being.

Successful solution of the tasks is possible only if the complex use of all means of physical education: rational mode, nutrition, hardening (in everyday life; special measures of hardening) and movement (morning exercises, developmental exercises, sports, physical education).

Moreover, in order to ensure the upbringing of a healthy child, work in our kindergarten is built in several ways:

  • Creating conditions for physical development and reducing the incidence of children
  • Improving pedagogical skills and business skills of kindergarten teachers
  • Comprehensive solution of health and fitness tasks in contact with medical workers
  • Raising a healthy child with the joint efforts of kindergarten and family.

For the full physical development of children, the realization of the need for movement in kindergarten, certain conditions have been created.

The groups created the corners of physical culture, where there are various physical benefits, including for the prevention of flatfoot. In kindergarten a gym is equipped for physical education classes with a variety of physical equipment. All this increases the interest of kids in physical education, increases the effectiveness of classes, allows children to exercise in all types of basic movements in the room.

On the territory of the kindergarten there is a sports field with “obstacle lanes” (handles, arcs, targets for hitting the target, a hole for long jumps), gymnastic walls, and a football goal.

In order to improve the health and treatment-and-prophylactic work with children, we have developed a system of preventive and remedial work.

The system of preventive and remedial work on the improvement of preschool children

  1. Acupressure according to the Uman method
  2. Exercises for the prevention of visual impairment during training
  3. Gymnastics with elements of hatha yoga
  4. Complexes for the prevention of flatfoot
  5. Complexes for the prevention of posture disorders + sleep without T-shirts and pillows
  6. Breathing exercises
  7. Removal of mental fatigue during classes (relaxation pauses, physical exercises, massage of auricles)
  8. Walking + dynamic hour
  9. Hardening:
  • Sleep without T-shirts
  • Walking barefoot
  • Brushing your teeth and rinsing your mouth
  • Extensive washing
  • Riga hardening method (treading on a spiked mat, using a damp cloth moistened with saline + rinsing the mouth cavity with iodine-saline or herbal infusions)

10. Optimum motive mode

Exercises for the correction of flatfoot

Events for the period of increased incidence of influenza and acute respiratory infections

  1. Onion Drink
  2. Onion garlic
  3. Rinsing the mouth with garlic extract before a walk (with

In the daily regimen, we pay special attention to tempering procedures that promote health and reduce morbidity.

Hardening will be effective only when it is provided during the entire time a child is in kindergarten. Therefore, we comply with:

  • Clear organization of the heat and air conditions of the room
  • Rational non-overheating clothing of children
  • Compliance with the regime of walks in all seasons
  • Barefoot morning gymnastics and physical education

Hardening the nasopharynx with garlic solution

Objective: prevention and rehabilitation of the oral cavity for angina, inflammatory processes of the oral cavity

1 clove of garlic in 1 cup of water.

Mash the garlic, pour boiled water in cooled and insist for 1 hour. To use solution within 2 hours after preparation

Apply as a drug (known since Hippocrates), which purifies the blood, kills disease-causing microbes, as a means against ARI, ARVI.

Gargle, who needs to drip in the nose.

Use from October 1 to April 30, daily after class, before going for a walk.

The complex of recreational activities

by age group

Early age groups

  1. Admission of children in the group with mandatory inspection, thermometry and detection of parents’ complaints.
  2. Morning Gymnastics –
  1. Reception of children on the street (at a temperature above -15 °)
  2. Morning gymnastics in the group
  1. Reception of children on the street (at temperatures up to -15 °)
  2. Morning gymnastics (from May to October – on the street, from October to April – in the hall according to the schedule)
  3. Acupressure according to the method of Umanskaya before breakfast with balm “Star”
  4. Brushing your teeth after breakfast and rinsing the mouth after dinner
  5. Physical education classes in the hall (in socks) + dynamic hour for a walk 1 time per week
  6. Physical exercises during classes, prevention of visual impairment
  7. Before walking gargle garlic rinse (from October to April)
  8. Garlic “Kinders”
  9. Phytoncides (onions, garlic)
  10. Onion drink during lunch
  11. Walking: day

Senior Preschool Age

Prevention of flatfoot in children

  1. Reception of children on the street (at temperatures up to -15 ° -18 °)
  2. Morning gymnastics (from May to October – on the street, from October to April – in the hall according to the schedule)
  3. Acupressure according to the method of Umanskaya before breakfast with balm “Star”
  4. Brushing your teeth after breakfast and rinsing the mouth after dinner
  5. Physical education classes in the hall (in socks) + dynamic hour for a walk 1 time per week
  6. Physical exercises during classes, prevention of visual impairment, massage of the ears
  7. Before walking gargle garlic rinse (from October to April)
  8. Garlic “Kinders”
  9. Phytoncides (onions, garlic)
  10. Onion drink during lunch
  11. Walking: morning

Prevention of flatfoot in children

Riga hardening method

On a rubber mat with spikes, clad in a cover moistened with 10% sodium chloride solution (1 kg of salt in a bucket of water), the child becomes barefoot and walks in place (from 5-7 to 16 seconds). After that, the child gets up on a dry mat and stomps on it for 15 seconds. Then with water from under the tap to wipe hands, a neck, the face.

Starting from the middle group, children rinse the mouth with iodine-saline solution (for 1 liter of water, 1 tablespoon of salt and 3-4 drops of iodine). Water at room temperature.

This method is recommended after daytime sleep or after charging.

Some hardening techniques

1. Extensive washing.

  • Open the tap with water, wet the right palm and hold it from the fingertips to the elbow of the left hand, say “once”; do the same with your left hand.
  • Wet both hands, put them on the back of the neck and hold them simultaneously to the chin, say “time.”
  • To wet the right palm and make a circular motion on the upper part of the chest, say “once”.
  • Wet both hands and wash your face.
  • Rinse, “squeeze” both hands, wipe dry.

After a while, the duration of the procedure increases, namely: each hand, as well as the neck and chest, the children wash twice, pronouncing “one, two” and

2. Sleep without T-shirts.

Held year round. Warm socks for legs and second blankets should be prepared in case of a decrease in temperature due to intermittent heating or steady cold weather. Of course, the temperature in the bedroom should not be lower than +14 degrees Celsius.

When working with children, it is necessary to follow the basic principles of hardening:

  • Implementation of hardening, provided that the child is healthy
  • The inadmissibility of tempering procedures in the presence of a child of negative emotional reactions (fear, crying, anxiety)
  • The intensity of tempering procedures increases gradually from gentle to more intensive) with the expansion of the zones of influence and an increase in the time of hardening
  • Systematic and consistent hardening (and not occasionally).

We have introduced a hardening notebook, where caregivers keep records of the hardening of children, using the recommendations of a doctor (med. Tap)

Of course, the development of movements and physical culture of children in physical education classes is of particular importance in raising a healthy child.

Moreover, in each age period physical education classes have a different focus:

  • They should give pleasure to young children, teach them to orient themselves in space, work properly with the equipment, and teach basic techniques of insurance.
  • In middle age – to develop physical qualities (first of all, endurance and strength)
  • In the older groups – to form the need for movement, develop motor abilities and independence and

Therefore, we are trying to use a variety of options for physical education classes:

  • Traditional classes
  • Classes consisting of a set of mobile games of high, medium and low intensity
  • Training sessions in the main types of movements
  • Rhythmic gymnastics
  • Competition lessons where children during various relays of two teams reveal winners
  • Occupations, credits, during which children take physical culture norms
  • Plot and game lessons
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