Nicotine addiction makes many women weak-willed: often, even during pregnancy, they cannot stop smoking. Unable to give up the bad habit once and for all, women decide to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked during the day.
Gynecologists unsuccessfully try to reach out to the consciousness of expectant mothers, telling them how much each cigarette harms the development of the embryo, how complex and irreversible the consequences will be if you don’t quit a pernicious habit in time. However, dependence on smoking often overcomes all fears for the unborn child.
Let’s talk about the effects of smoking during pregnancy and what happens in the female body when carcinogenic tar and nicotine get into it along with the smoke.
While the pregnant woman habitually lights a cigarette, the health of the child is at great risk. Gynecologist Elena Avdeeva calls the most common effects of smoking during pregnancy:
There is a risk of childhood leukemia In the development of the embryo intervenes toxic nicotine, which affects the formation of bone marrow. The baby appears defective cells that can not completely mature.
A chain reaction occurs in which healthy cells begin to be replaced by patients. To save such a baby, after his birth, doctors perform a bone marrow transplant. But due to the lack of donor material, the child’s life is not always possible to be saved.
Placental rupture may occur. Due to smoking, irreversible phenomena begin to occur in the pregnant woman’s body. For example, placental pathologies occur which endanger the life of the unborn child — even a rupture of the placenta can occur. In this case, a pregnant woman needs urgent medical care, otherwise there is a high probability of miscarriage.
Blood circulation in the placenta is impaired. Regular intake of nicotine in a pregnant woman’s body causes a spasm of the uterus’s blood vessels. The chemical process begins: carbon monoxide, which a woman with a cigarette inhales, reacts with hemoglobin. The result of this compound is carboxyhemoglobin, which, unlike hemoglobin, cannot carry oxygen through the blood vessels, and the baby begins to feel its lack.
Smoking is the cause of intrauterine hypoxia and hypotrophy. When blood circulation in the placenta is disturbed, the child behaves very restlessly, he spins and pushes, as he feels uncomfortable due to the lack of oxygen. Many future mothers confuse this activity of a choking child with the fact that the baby has grown up and is already cramped in the uterus.
There is an acute nutritional deficiency. The full development of the baby depends on blood flow. However, carboxyhemoglobin blocks the flow of oxygen and constricts the blood vessels of the uterus. This affects not only oxygen starvation.
The child lacks the nutrients necessary for full growth and development. Each cigarette you smoke deprives a future infant of important trace elements. This leads to the fact that children from smoking mothers are born with lower weight.
If the baby was born small and weak, he is prescribed intensive therapy: he medicamentally receives the nutrients that he has not received from his mother.
Increased risk of preterm birth British doctors analyzed statistics on preterm labor among non-smoking pregnant women and those who abuse nicotine. It turned out that smoking moms are 5 times more likely to become victims of preterm labor.
If we speak in terms of numbers, the frequency of preterm birth among smokers was 22%, and among non-smokers – 4.5%.
There is a risk of congenital malformations. Smoking can cause congenital malformations in a child. Toxins entering the body of the baby through the placenta, lead to congenital heart disease, defects of the nasopharynx, the occurrence of strabismus. Nicotine addiction causes defects in the child’s appearance: cleft palate and cleft lip.
There is a threat of abnormal mental development of the child. As they grow older, babies whose mothers smoked during pregnancy often differ from their peers in mental development. This is manifested in the delay of speech, inability to concentrate, inability to express one’s thoughts in accordance with age.
Congenital anomalies of mental development are most often manifested in the first six years of a child’s life. At this time, there is an active preparation for school, and not all children, unfortunately, cope with it. They later master the material that peers overcome easily. Such children at a young age also experience difficulties in social adaptation.
Hyperkinetic syndrome develops Hyperkinesis manifests itself in the form of involuntary movements caused by contraction of the muscles of the face, torso and limbs.
Medicine has witnessed cases where patients also suffered an uncontrolled contraction of the larynx, soft palate, tongue and external muscles of the eyes. And the focus of the disease is the affected brain of the child.
Increases the risk of infant mortality Gynecologists are confident that the death of a child can provoke even 5 cigarettes a day.
According to the gynecologist Elena Avdeeva, it is necessary for all pregnant women who smokers to know this, who believe that by reducing the number of cigarettes smoked, they will not harm their unborn child.
These threats and the effects of smoking during pregnancy are only the most common.
If you find the strength to give up smoking, you can give birth to a healthy baby.
Elena Avdeeva, a gynecologist, considers the claims of many pregnant women to be far-fetched that their refusal from cigarettes will become a stress for the baby, as he has already become accustomed to being in a nicotine environment. On the contrary, the child will finally get the opportunity for healthy development, as far as possible in the future mother’s body already poisoned with nicotine.
If you are planning to have a baby, it is necessary to give up smoking before conception, so that the body gets rid of accumulated toxins.