The female body is a real mystery. The ability to endure and bring to the world one more person is an amazing gift, but often we don’t know until the end of all the processes associated with reproductive function. The menstrual cycle and the changes associated with conceiving a child are an important topic for a woman.
The question often arises whether pregnancy is possible during menstruation? You can hear a lot of stories about familiar women, for whom menstruation is the best method of contraception. Doctors gynecologists on the contrary, argue that menstruation is not a protection against pregnancy, and even sexual intercourse on critical days is fraught with many infections.
Anatomy and physiology of the female body
Nature prepares the girl to be a mother even during fetal development. Many eggs are laid in the ovaries, and after puberty every month one of them sets off on a journey – to meet with the sperm cell. In the case of fertilization, the ovum descends through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it is implanted, this moment is considered the beginning of pregnancy.
If this does not happen, the egg cell is destroyed and the inner lining of the uterus is separated. All this is displayed with blood, menstruation begins. Maybe this option, as pregnancy during menstruation. Implantation was successful, but part of the endometrium still exfoliates, causing bleeding.
The possibility of conception on critical days
Contrary to the popular belief that pregnancy with menstruation is impossible, there are many living examples that prove the opposite. The complexity of the female body and the instability of the hormonal background also complements the vitality of sperm. They can keep activity and ability to fertilize up to 8 days, as you understand, during this time the menstruation will have time to end and a new egg can come out.
In modern life, stress, unhealthy diet, various diseases and many other factors contribute to the failure of the hormonal background and disruption of the cycle, which means that it is almost impossible to accurately determine when ovulation occurs.
Safe days – can you trust this method
Often we receive important information from unreliable sources. So girls tell each other that on critical days (and also in the last before them) they are reliably protected from conception by nature itself. This is fundamentally wrong. Pregnancy the day before menstruation is as possible as during them.
Only the first day, when menstrual flow is especially abundant, is relatively safe. But often the well-being of women does not contribute to sexual intercourse on this day.
It is more reliable to constantly use suitable contraception than to rely on chance.
Do menstruation and conception of the child exclude each other?
Theoretically, these concepts are incompatible, but in practice pregnancy during menstruation is possible, and bleeding (in rare cases) may accompany a woman throughout the entire period of the child’s bearing. You can divide all cases into two categories:
- The woman is aware of her interesting situation, and suddenly the bleeding begins.
- The future mother does not suspect that she is not alone, her menstruation goes regularly, on time, without suggesting such thoughts.
If the first case requires urgent intervention by the doctor, then the second is more difficult. They give rise to the numerous questions of expectant mothers – is there any monthly during pregnancy? This phenomenon occurs, but occurs infrequently, usually in the first trimester. Only an examination of your gynecologist will help to eliminate the reason for anxiety, so do not neglect the consultation.
If a woman is closely watching her cycle, then she will certainly notice the difference between normal menstruation and secretions during pregnancy. They differ in a number of signs: duration, profusion, color, smell.
Normal monthly or bleeding
From the point of view of physiology, habitual menstruation is incompatible with pregnancy. Because if there is a rejection of the inner lining of the uterus into which the embryo is implanted, then there is a threat to its life. Therefore, gynecologists call any selection during pregnancy more correctly – bleeding.
Why do bleeding start exactly on time, according to the usual cycle? It is all about hormones: somewhere the pituitary gland has failed and, due to the old memory, starts the usual process. Because of this, some women cannot recognize pregnancy, stomach ache, how menstruation begins, all sensations during PMS and pregnancy may also coincide (weakness, drowsiness, nausea, breast swelling), but a test or examination by a doctor will put everything in its place.
What do these periods mean
Often, bleeding during pregnancy does not threaten the life of the mother and child. But a woman should be guided first of all on her state of health. Lack of pain, vigor and good appetite say that both of you are fine, and a small hormonal shift is not a problem at all.
However, be very careful, excessive bleeding, too dark or watery discharge, especially if they are accompanied by acute pain – this is a reason to immediately call an ambulance. Such symptoms may indicate a threatened miscarriage, serious inflammatory processes, or an ectopic pregnancy.
The causes of menstruation in this difficult period
Is there any monthly during pregnancy, or they are not – it does not mean that your baby can not be born full-term and healthy. What can cause?
- The very first thing that can be assumed is an error in the calculations. That is, the last critical days are included in the period of pregnancy, although it occurred immediately after them.
- Implantation bleeding is the moment of direct attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus. Usually only a few drops of blood are allocated, which are mistaken for the start of critical days.
- The first periods during pregnancy may occur due to the fact that the egg was fertilized at the very end of the cycle, and by the time it was implanted in the uterus, the menstruation process was started automatically.
- Rarely happens another scenario. Of the two mature eggs, only one was fertilized, nevertheless, according to the laws of physiology, both of them return to the uterus, where one is implanted and the other is destroyed, causing menstrual bleeding.
- Mechanical damage to the cervix during intercourse.
- Serious hormonal failure, reduced estrogen levels.
The pace of modern life, constant stress, hormonal drugs make any of these reasons possible. Therefore, only the gynecologist can find the only one.
Monthly in the first months after conception
Usually this problem concerns the first trimester, when the body has not had time to respond properly to pregnancy. The menstruation began, but the embryo continues to develop in the uterus, and by the next month the hormonal balance will level out, which will not allow the repetition of the error.
Frequently, the cycle fails, for example, menstruation began earlier. Pregnancy at the same time goes on, although mother still does not suspect about it. If the bleeding continues at a later date, then the doctor must select a program to correct hormonal levels.
Whether monthly during pregnancy bear a threat to the fetus
As noted earlier, bleeding during this period is not out of the ordinary. Mom needs only a sober assessment of the situation. Thus, the discharge, by force and duration comparable to monthly, in almost 100% of cases means the loss of a child. The same can be said about bleeding with severe, cramping pains.
Scanty discharge, even appearing with enviable regularity, does not pose a threat to the life of the fetus, but they are still the reason for the visit to the gynecologist. There are unique cases when menstruation goes on throughout the entire period, and ends with the birth of a healthy child, but this is the exception rather than the rule. Why it happens? The body, by the old memory, creates a hormonal background every month that is critical for carrying a child.
Monthly at early pregnancy is a rather frequent phenomenon that does not harm either the mother or the child.
What to do if you are in a position and started your period?
Evaluate the nature of the discharge and your well-being. If they are insignificant and you feel great, you can ask about the reasons during the next consultation. At the slightest change for the worse, call an ambulance, do not risk without special needs. Let better doctors appreciate your condition.
Sharp pain, bright scarlet abundant discharge – all this indicates immediate hospitalization. Usually prescribed hormonal drugs, treatment of existing infections and long-term preserving therapy.
Important date, last menstruation before pregnancy
The doctor will ask this question first when registering. With this date, obstetricians calculate the date of birth of the child and the release of the mother on maternity leave. If the monthly continue during pregnancy, it will be installed on the results of the survey.
Gestational age for the last month is considered from the first day of the last menstruation. It is easy to do, it is enough to know this date and the duration of the pregnancy, namely 280 days or 40 weeks. Count off from her 40 weeks and get the date of birth of the baby.
It is even easier to consider, using the formula of Negel, to the date of the first day of the last menstrual period add 9 months and 7 days, subtract 3 months and add 7.
What to do if the pregnancy has already come, and critical days are still going on? It will help determine the duration of the ultrasound, and with greater accuracy than the calculation of the last month. In addition, waiting for the first movement, you can confirm the date of birth of the baby. You just need to add to this day 20 weeks.
Let’s sum up
A woman can become pregnant on any day of the cycle, the complexity of the reproductive system and its close connection with hormones do not allow reliably calculate safe days. In the early stages of pregnancy, bleeding is often observed that is different from normal menstruation, which can be considered the norm. But when it appears in the later periods (more than 12 weeks), it is necessary to consult a doctor.
If bleeding is comparable to menstrual bleeding, it cannot be considered acceptable during pregnancy – this is a myth. It endangers the life of a woman and a child. Even the smallest bleeding requires proper study, search for its causes. Abundant and prolonged discharge (as during normal menstruation) speak of abortion.
If, against the background of your baby’s development and general well-being, regular spotting (monthly) continues, then your body absolutely does not want to say goodbye to its hormonal regimen. At the same time, you are among the unique women, and here, no matter how hard the doctors say that this does not happen, the main criterion is how you feel.
Regularly visit a gynecologist, take the necessary tests and listen to yourself. Good mood and optimistic mood will bring only benefit both to you and your unborn child.