Papillomas in pregnant women appear quite often, due to increased activity of human papillomavirus (HPV).
If on the body of a woman there were already neoplasms, then in the period of bearing a child it is possible to increase their size and quantity.
Most often, non-aesthetic defects disappear on their own within a short time after delivery.
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But pregnant women are worried not only by the appearance of an external defect, but also by the possible negative impact of the virus on the body of the future baby.
Papillomas during pregnancy appear as a result of the activation of HPV.
For most people, including women, the virus is present in the body in a hidden state, not showing itself.
Changes in the body of a pregnant woman cause activation of the virus and, as a consequence, the growth of papillomas.
The main reasons for the appearance of tumors are as follows:
- hormonal changes occurring in the body (excessive production of certain hormones provokes enhanced growth of epithelial skin cells);
- weakening of the body’s immune defense, exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- excessive friction and skin damage associated with an increase in body size and weight (for these reasons plantar warts often appear in pregnant women).
The main causes of the appearance of tumors are weak immunity and hormonal imbalance.
But the probability of formation of growth increases in the presence of other provoking factors, such as:
Photo: multiple growths in the armpit and on the body
New growths in women can form on any part of the body:
- on the neck, face, chest (on the nipple or in the folds under the breast);
- in the armpits;
- in the groin.
Typically, papillomas in women appear in places where the skin experiences permanent mechanical effects – on the eyelids (permanent application and removal of makeup), in the area of the armpits and chest (rubbing the skin with a bra).
Photo: neoplasm on the neck
In pregnant women, growths are more often localized on the neck, may appear on the nipples and breasts.
- If the tumor is subject to constant friction of clothing, often inflamed, then it will have to be removed.
- If the growth does not cause discomfort, it is better to wait for the birth of the child.
Many tumors pass on their own during the first 3 months after birth.
On the cervix
Papillomas in intimate places are often found in a woman during a preventive gynecological examination or a woman’s initial referral to a doctor about pregnancy.
Photo: cervical colposcopy
In this case, additional diagnostic measures are carried out:
- colposcopy – examination of the cervix and vaginal mucosa under high magnification with a special device;
- cytological examination of biological material taken from the cervical canal;
- biopsy and histological examination of the material taken (pregnant women are contraindicated);
- analysis of sequential chain reactions (PCR), which is used to determine the type of virus, is determined by its quantitative content and degree of oncogenicity.
Photo: histological examination
When registering for pregnancy, HPV testing is assigned to all women.
The presence of papilloma is not an indication for cesarean section.
Natural childbirth is contraindicated only in situations where a very large tumor makes it difficult for the fetus to pass through the birth canal or if there is a high risk of infection and subsequent development of laryngeal papillomatosis in the newborn.
Video: “Papilloma (genital warts, condylomas)”
What is the danger
Papilloma is a benign neoplasm.
But depending on the type of HPV that caused the growth of papilloma, the human virus in women can cause malignant tissue degeneration.
The most dangerous in this regard, flat warts of the cervix, causing a change in epithelial cells, dysplasia and cervical cancer.
Photo: Reborn to Cervical Cancer
Quite often, the virus from an infected mother is transmitted to the child.
However, the immunity of the child’s body in most cases copes with the infection on its own.
If during childbirth a primary infection has occurred, then the risk of abortion is high.
The question of how a human virus affects the fetus remains open.
- The negative effect of HPV and the developmental defects it causes in an unborn child are not fully understood.
- As for the newborn, the infection of the infant can provoke in him papillomatosis of the respiratory organs (growth of tumors on the vocal cords), the formation of growths on the genitals, in the anus.
Photo: laryngeal papillomatosis
HPV transmission routes
Papillomavirus is transmitted through the contact-household route through damage to the skin or mucous membranes when it comes into contact with the virus carrier or its accessories (towel, shoes, dishes, manicure set, etc.).
- Genital papillomas, called condylomas, are transmitted sexually.
- From a woman to a newborn, the virus is transmitted when the child passes through the birth canal of the mother.
Photo: possible infection of the child during childbirth
Human papillomavirus during pregnancy It appears in the same way as an ordinary person.
- Small loose neoplasms appear on the skin of the body, more often of a skin color, less often darker.
- The size of papillomas ranges from 1 to 5 mm, rarely appear large neoplasms – from 1 cm to 2.5 cm.
- The accidents can be single or grouped.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, there is a particularly active growth of the existing and the appearance of new growths.
Treatment of HPV includes both drug therapy and destructive methods to remove the tumor.
How to treat throat papilloma? Find out here.
The basis of drug therapy for HPV is:
- the use of cytotoxic agents (Podofillin, Condilin);
- taking immunostimulating drugs (Viferon, Kipferon, Anferon).
- HPV in pregnant women is strictly prohibited to treat with cytotoxic agents!
- Pharmaceutical preparations for cauterization of papillomas and warts, which are sold in pharmacies, are also contraindicated for pregnant women.
Treatment of papillomas in pregnant women is carried out only by external exposure to papilloma tissue by physical methods and antiviral drugs that suppress the activity of the virus and stimulate the body’s own immunity.
Photo: potato grub removal
From folk remedies against papilloma, pregnant women can use:
- garlic (a fresh cut of garlic is rubbed on the tumor daily until the papilloma disappears);
- bow, pre-moistened in acetic solution (used in the same way as garlic);
- fresh rowan berries (used as compresses – applied to the growth at night, attached with a plaster);
- minced raw potatoes (gruel is applied to the growth several times a day);
- fresh celandine juice (applied on papilloma once a day every day);
- Apple vinegar (cotton wool dipped in vinegar is applied to the growth for 20 minutes twice a day).
Photo: removal of growths celandine
When using juice of celandine, vinegar and garlic before the procedure, you should apply a cream and a plaster on the healthy skin around the papilloma before the procedure. This will help prevent skin burns.
How to protect against infection
In order not to get infected with a virus, it is important to exclude promiscuous sex – the sexual partner must be one.
During pregnancy, women should choose a reliable means of contraception, or to give up sex for this period.
Photo: exclusion of unprotected sex
And to prevent activation of the virus, if it is already present in the body, it is important:
- be protected from hypothermia;
- eliminate emotional disorders, stress;
- take vitamin complexes for pregnant women for the prevention of vitamin deficiency;
- limit physical activity;
- follow the diet, eating healthy food.
Methods for removing papillomas during pregnancy
Is it possible to delete papilloma pregnant woman?
Photo: wart removal
If the neoplasm does not cause discomfort, does not become inflamed, does not undergo friction against clothes and other physical effects, then it is better not to do anything until the birth.
Often, after the birth of a child, papillomas disappear on their own.
But if the need arises, you can remove the papilloma. The main removal methods are:
- electrocoagulation – cauterization of papilloma with high frequency current;
- cryodestruction – freezing of papilloma with liquid nitrogen, causing the neoplasm of neoplasm to die;
- laser removal – Evaporation of neoplasm tissue with a laser beam.
Photo: laser removal of tumors
Along with physical methods for removing papillomas in pregnant women, chemical cauterization of trichloroacetic acid can be carried out.
Is it possible to delete by yourself
If a pregnant woman has papillomas, it is not recommended to remove them yourself.
- Illiterate actions can lead to wound infection, burns to nearby areas of healthy skin.
- But the main danger is that improper exposure to papilloma tissue can lead to their malignant degeneration.
Reviews about the procedures for removing papillomas are ambiguous.
Is squamous papilloma with hyperkeratosis dangerous? Find out here.
What is the inverted laryngeal papilloma? Read on.
More often, patients are satisfied with both the prescribed procedure and the results obtained. Much less often in reviews there are complaints about the development of complications after the removal procedure.
- The most common consequence of illiterate treatment or improper care of the wound during the rehabilitation period is the formation of the scar.
- There is also a risk of skin burns, infection, incomplete removal of the “root” of papilloma and, accordingly, its repeated growth.
The appearance of papillomas in the period of carrying a child is a fairly common phenomenon caused by changes in the body of a pregnant woman.
Many after the birth of the child growths are on their own.
If papilloma is inflamed, sore and bleeding, then removal is required. But it is important to understand that the final decision on removal of the neoplasm must be made by a doctor.