When it comes to feeding a nursing mother, many people have associations with strict rules, restrictions, a strict diet and big problems for the baby, if the mother has eaten “something is not right.” The topic of a diet during lactation is shrouded in various myths and horror stories, and young moms do not usually know who to listen to: pediatricians, grandmothers, girlfriends or breastfeeding consultants. Recommendations and opinions are contradictory, so we will understand together.
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And then the food?
Strictly speaking, lactation does not depend on my mother’s nutrition. The process of milk production is regulated only by hormones (prolactin and oxytocin). Breast milk itself is produced from the elements of blood plasma, so nutrition affects lactation in much the same way as blood composition – very indirectly, slightly changing the content of certain elements. Even with very poor nutrition, a woman is able to breastfeed, and the baby will not suffer from a lack of nutrients. The body of the nursing mother is set up in such a way that everything useful and necessary for the baby gets into the milk, and if anyone suffers from a deficiency of the necessary substances, it is the mother herself. It turns out that a nursing mother needs to monitor nutrition in order for her body to have enough resources for herself, since the baby will take her own in any case.
We have already written an article on the topic of nutrition, you can read: that you can eat a nursing mother, that is not recommended to eat
What and how to eat nursing mom
The diet of a nursing mother is not much different from the diet during pregnancy, and the recommendations for catering are similar.
- Daily caloric content, it is advisable to increase by 500-600 kcal compared with the normal state. If you do not go beyond these numbers, then it will not affect the figure. Milk production requires an increased consumption of energy, so extra calories have much to spend.
- It is recommended to eat often and in small portions in order to provide the body with a constant supply of nutrients. Trying to enter meals in any regime makes no special sense, it is enough to eat by appetite. It’s good to have something for snacking. Given that at first the baby is at the breast for a long time, the feeling of hunger can be caught during or immediately after feeding.
- The basis of nutrition of a nursing mother after childbirth is the classic food pyramid. The diet must contain cereals, meat, and sometimes fish, vegetables and fruits. By and large, the more varied the food, the better. There are no strict prohibitions, but there are some products with which you should be more careful and introduce them into the diet in a special way. They will be discussed separately.
- A nursing woman needs to drink plenty of fluids. Usually it is about 2 liters per day, but if you don’t really want to drink, you shouldn’t pour water into yourself. Here it is important to find a middle ground and not to get involved in a watering, since it is just a sufficient amount of fluid, which is different for everyone, determined by weight and constitution.
“It is impossible” for the feeding mother
Strictly speaking, there are no strict prohibitions and restrictions on feeding a nursing mother. However, some products are associated with the risk of allergies in the baby, so their use is better to limit and generally eat with caution.
- Protein cow milk. Contrary to popular belief about the benefits of cow’s milk for babies, this product is highly undesirable to use not only the crumbs, but also his mother. By its composition, cow’s milk is very far from human and contains proteins that are foreign to our body. Eating whole cow’s milk from your mom can create problems with your baby’s intestines or cause allergies. It is quite another thing – products from fermented milk (kefir, ryazhenka, cheese). There, the same protein is found in a different, somewhat modified form, and the body is perceived much better.
- Vegetable protein gluten. All moms have heard and know about gluten-free cereals for babies, but not all exclude this protein from their diet. Gluten is found in all cereals, with the exception of rice, buckwheat and corn. Sometimes it causes allergies, so you need to be more careful with other cereals, introduce them gradually and monitor the reaction.
- Chemical additives (dyes, preservatives, flavors). The body of a newborn child has not yet prepared for such “chemical attacks”, and the fact that an adult goes unnoticed can cause allergies in a baby.
- Exotic fruits. At this point, it all depends on the region of residence. So, in Spain, oranges are used for the first feeding, and in our latitudes they are exotic. The best option would be to eat local seasonal fruit, which reduces the risk of an undesirable reaction.
- Fruits and vegetables are red. A potential allergen is precisely the red pigment, and in large doses. So a child can be “sprinkled” from a whole plate of strawberries or tomato salad, and there will be nothing from a couple of berries or spoons. In some cases, the allergen can be eliminated altogether, for example, by cutting off the skin from a red apple.
More about the fact that you can not eat a nursing mother (and that is absolutely not recommended for mothers during GW) – http: //
It is believed that if the mother is not allergic to anything, then the baby is unlikely to have it. Sometimes, quite unexpectedly, there appears a reaction to seemingly innocent and habitual products, to certain varieties of fish or meat. Attention to the reactions of the child and the timely elimination of unwanted product will help avoid protracted problems. Usually, mothers gradually expand their diets and by the age of 6 months they don’t deny themselves anything, because the baby’s body adapts to new substances and becomes able to perceive them.
Video number 3
Nutrition Myths on Breastfeeding
There are many misconceptions on the topic of nutrition for a nursing mother, which are passed on from mouth to mouth and confuse moms. What of this pure water is not true, and what is still the place to be?
- The more fluid enters the body of a nursing mother, the more milk there will be. We have already determined that the amount of milk depends only on the hormone prolactin, produced as a result of sucking the breast, therefore, it is impossible to increase the production of milk by increasing fluid intake. However, another hormone, oxytocin, is involved in lactation. He is responsible for the “leakage” of milk from the breast. The release of this hormone provokes tides known to all women. Warm drinking starts the production of oxytocin in the body, so after a cup of tea it is easier to feed – the milk flows into the mouth itself. This process does not affect the amount of milk, so if you need more milk, you do not need to adjust the diet or increase fluid intake. The only way to achieve the effect – more often put the child to the chest.
- Nuts increase lactation and make milk fatter. In general, the composition of breast milk is almost constant regardless of the products used, and it’s impossible to increase milk fat content with the help of food. Passion for nuts does not increase the fat content of milk, but changes the composition of fats, making the milk more viscous, which means it is difficult to get for the baby.
- Cucumbers, cabbage and grapes cause increased gas formation in the baby. This is not really a myth, such a reaction can really be, but if the mother herself does not suffer from abdominal distention after these products, then the child is probably not afraid.
- Onions, garlic and spices make milk tasteless. Here, too, is not so simple. The taste of milk can vary, but this does not mean that the baby will refuse from the breast, so it is not necessary to absolutely refuse these products. In existing studies on this subject, children on HB did not neglect their mother’s breasts.
It turns out that feeding a nursing mother is not associated with particular difficulties and is not something transcendent. With care you can eat absolutely everything.
It is believed that the more varied the food of the mother, the less problems with digestion and allergies in the baby, because the baby breastfed through mom’s milk gets acquainted with different products and his body adapts to them. When we say “you can do anything”, we mean everything within the framework of a healthy diet. Fast food, alcohol and a huge amount of sweet is not the place in the diet of a nursing mother. By and large, adhering to the principles of healthy eating does not hurt anyone, but for young mothers this is especially important. Often, after the birth of a child, the whole family switches to proper nutrition, which in itself is a big plus for everyone.