Helminthiasis is a dangerous and, unfortunately, quite common problem, which in the absence of therapy can lead to the appearance of complications. Medicine, of course, offers tools that can cleanse the body of parasites. One of them is the drug “Biltricid.” Analogues of drugs, patient reviews, the mechanism of action and possible side effects – these moments interest many people who are faced with such an unpleasant problem.
Description of the composition and release form
At the pharmacy, Biltricid can be obtained in the form of oblong, biconvex tablets of white color, sometimes with a slight yellowish or orange tint. The tablets are placed in dark glass vials of 6 pieces. The main active ingredient of the drug is praziquantel – each tablet contains about 600 mg of this substance. As for the auxiliary components, the drug contains magnesium stearate, macrogol 4000, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate, hypromellose, corn starch, titanium dioxide and povidone.
How does the drug work? Basic properties
The main active ingredient of the drug has antihelminthic properties. In particular, it acts on the cell membrane of the helminth, increasing its permeability to calcium ions. Such an impact leads to a generalized contraction of the smooth muscle of the parasite. In addition, there is a decrease in glycogen level, inhibition of glucose uptake by the parasite cells, as well as an increase in the amount of lactic acid released. The result of such exposure is the death of parasites, in particular cestodes and trematodes.
Indications for admission
This medicine is indicated for the treatment of helminthic diseases, such as, for example, opisthorchiasis. Treatment “Biltricid” helps with the infection of the human body by different types of schistosomes. The indications for treatment are diseases caused by hepatic and pulmonary flukes, as well as some other types of helminths.
Drug “Biltricid”: instructions for use
In no case can not use the drug without permission. Only a doctor after a thorough diagnosis can prescribe treatment with the drug “Biltricid.” Instructions for use contains only general recommendations.
The dosage depends on the patient’s condition and the type of parasite. For example, in opisthorchiasis, doctors usually prescribe 25 mg of the active ingredient per kilogram of weight three times a day. The duration of treatment is 1-3 days. The dose of schistosome infection is 40 mg / kg once a day, with one-day treatment.
The tablet must be swallowed without chewing, with a small amount of water. It is recommended to take the drug before or during the meal. If you need to drink the medicine once a day, then it is best to do it in the evening.
Description of contraindications and side effects
Many patients with helminth infections, doctors prescribe the drug “Biltricid.” Its analogues, by the way, are more toxic. Despite the fact that the drug acts on the body sparingly, there are some limitations. In particular, it is not prescribed to children up to four years, as well as to women in the first trimester of pregnancy. Contraindications include cysticercosis of the eye, an allergy to the components of the drug. Therapy cannot be combined with rifampicin. The drug is used with caution in the presence of cardiac arrhythmias, decompensated form of liver failure, hepatolienal schistosomiasis.
As for side effects, they are rarely recorded. Nevertheless, some patients sometimes complain of abdominal pain, diarrhea (possible blood impurities), nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite. Perhaps the development of fever, the appearance of headaches and dizziness. Occasionally, asthenia, myalgia, arrhythmia, generalized allergic reactions develop. Some adverse reactions are not associated with the effect of the drug on the body, but with the death of the parasites, and therefore, upon completion of therapy, the condition will improve.
The drug “Biltricid”: analogues
This medicine is quite popular in modern medical practice. On the other hand, not all patients are eligible for Biltricid. Analogs of this means, naturally, exist. For example, in some cases, doctors prescribe medications such as Medamin, Levamisole, and Helmintox. In the fight against worms can be used such tools as Nemozol, Zentel, Dekaris, Mebendazole and some others. In any case, you need to remember that only a doctor can appoint an analog.
Patient reviews about medication
Naturally, many people are interested in the opinions of patients who have already received treatment with Biltricid. Most reviews are positive. The advantage is that the medicine is usually taken no more than one day. In addition, it can be used to treat children. Side effects are recorded extremely rarely – as a rule, quickly passing disorders of the digestive system. The disadvantages include perhaps the price, which for many patients seems a little high. On the other hand, many drug analogues are more expensive.