Nausea during pregnancy: when does it begin and end?
Pregnancy is a wonderful and blissful state of a woman when she is expecting the birth of a little miracle.
In most cases, a woman wearing a baby’s heart doesn’t pay attention to any discomfort. But sometimes nausea can become unpleasant during the 9 months of waiting. Nausea during pregnancy appears several times, and may not appear at all. Experts can not say for sure when you will have nausea during pregnancy, and whether it will appear at all. It all depends on the features of the body of a woman.
First Trimester Nausea: Timing
The first sign of pregnancy in most cases is nausea in the morning. Pregnant woman begins to vomit somewhere in the fifth week of pregnancy. Nausea during pregnancy lasts up to 13 – 14 weeks, and if you wear twins, the nausea can last up to 15 – 16 weeks.
Early nausea: Causes
The question of why nausea occurs in early pregnancy has a fairly simple answer. The body perceives your future baby as something foreign that is harmful to your health, so he tries to get rid of him in every way, as if he poisoned the body and cleanses himself with vomiting. That is, when the embryo has been implanted, it begins its struggle with your body for a place in it. The kid is trying in every way to keep, and his body is pushing him out.
Early nausea may occur from food, from the smell of her husband’s perfume, shaving foam, from the smell of food, from the taste of toothpaste. This is due to the fact that all the feelings of a woman during pregnancy are sharpened and work harder than usual. You can’t fight them, you just have to endure.
Early nausea: normal or not?
Nausea in the first weeks of pregnancy can only happen in the morning on an empty stomach, a woman can get sick all day, but she will not vomit, and in some cases vomiting can happen every other day. Is considered normal, if food is not perceived by a woman up to 5 times a day. In the presence of such a phenomenon should not be observed other ailments, such as weakness, dizziness, weight loss. If vomiting is observed, then we must not forget that it dehydrates the body, and drink as much water as possible.
Deviation from the norm, when you need to see a doctor, vomiting occurs more than 10 times a day. This is the average degree of toxicosis. In this case, vomiting is accompanied by weakness, apathy, weight loss, fever, a decrease in pressure. Such toxicosis is treated in the hospital under the supervision of doctors.
A high degree of toxicity (severe nausea during pregnancy) is considered to be vomiting up to 20 times a day. In this case, the body is very dehydrated, and the woman loses up to 3 kg per week. A high degree is treated only under the supervision of doctors.
Second trimester: causes of nausea
Sometimes at the beginning of 4 months of pregnancy, nausea persists in women. Such a phenomenon is not terrible and dangerous, if the doctor says that the fetus is developing normally, you no longer have any ailments and vomiting is infrequent. In most cases, nausea may persist in the second trimester, but vomiting is already stopped, as the body “resigned” to the presence of someone else in it. Hormonal storm begins to subside, and everything falls into place until the birth.
Nausea can persist from a large number blood acetone, which the body has accumulated to fight the embryo. To remove the excess acetone need to conduct drug treatment.
If toxicosis in the second trimester does not slow down, and still causes you discomfort, you should definitely tell your doctor. You may be prescribed droppers that you drop in the hospital, and then everything will be fine.
Third Trimester: Causes Nausea
Having rested from toxicosis in the second trimester, women often begin to suffer again from the feeling of nausea in the third trimester. The cause of nausea at this time is that the baby is pressing on the internal organs of the mother. Especially when the liver is hurt, the body is indignant, and this is manifested by nausea, sometimes heartburn, and stomach pain.
A more dangerous phenomenon may be a disease such as preeclampsia. This is another name for late toxicosis when oxygen deficiency is observed.
But this phenomenon is always accompanied by other symptoms:
How to get rid of nausea during pregnancy?
How can you deal with nausea during pregnancy?
To know how to cope with nausea during pregnancy in the case of a particular woman, you need to know what could have caused the toxicosis. Nausea, as a manifestation of toxemia, can occur when pregnancy is unwanted. In this case, the body under the influence of mental processes, as it were, “rejects” the attached fetus, provokes its miscarriage. To save this pregnancy, a woman needs the help of a psychologist. A positive attitude towards the process of carrying a child, childbirth and further life with it will help to reduce the manifestations of toxicosis and will be the key to solving the problem of how to alleviate nausea during pregnancy.
Harmful habits of women (smoking, alcohol, drugs), as well as being in a poorly ventilated room, irregular walks in the fresh air can be the cause of hypoxia in the brain of a pregnant woman, intoxication of the body, which will be expressed by dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, etc. In this case, the first thing to do during pregnancy, especially if you feel sick, is to abandon behavior that could harm the expectant mother and the development of the child.
But how to reduce nausea during pregnancy, if it is purely a manifestation of the organism’s adaptation to pregnancy, the result of hormonal adjustment? In the fight with morning nausea, a piece of salted cracker, eaten on an empty stomach, will help to cope with it, or if you hold a lemon slice in your mouth. Snacks of dried fruits and nuts, tea or cookies with ginger, water with the addition of lemon juice can help in the fight against nausea. To reduce the manifestations of toxicity during pregnancy can be used funds from nausea of traditional medicine.
What to do if much sick during pregnancy?
From what can be done to not strongly sick during pregnancy, the important points are:
- Daily walks in the fresh air (at least 2 hours a day).
- Proper nutrition in small portions up to 6 times per day (without fat, spicy, smoked, without dyes and preservatives).
- Taking vitamin preparations, drinking artesian non-carbonated water (at least 1-2 liters per day)
- Positive mental attitude and moderate exercise, allowed by the doctor.
- Full rest.
Usually, compliance with these recommendations allows you to part with nausea in early pregnancy, or at least weaken its manifestations.
Folk remedies for nausea during pregnancy
Tangerine peel tincture well helps to get rid of nausea during pregnancy. The recipe of preparation is simple: you need to finely chop the peel of 4 large ripe tangerines and pour 200 g of vodka. Insist this remedy for 20 days in a dark cool place. Take 20-25 drops before meals 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals. Also tincture can be prepared on water and drink instead of water or tea.
When nausea in late pregnancy helps decoction of yarrow: 1 tablespoon of grass is poured with a glass of boiling water and boiled in a water bath for 20 minutes. Then filter and cool. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
What nausea tablets can you drink during pregnancy?
What medicines can be taken for pregnant women from nausea is determined only by the doctor in each particular case. Phytopreparations are usually prescribed for the liver (hofitol, Essentiale forte). Their action is based on the enzymatic assistance to this body, which is manifested in better detoxification of the blood of women.
Conventional drugs for nausea are forbidden to use during pregnancy, since their action is associated with the blocking of neuromodulators and the effect on the nervous system, which is fraught with side effects.
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Nausea during pregnancy
Nausea during pregnancy is one of the most common manifestations of early toxicosis. From the moment of fertilization of the egg in the body of the future mother begins a huge restructuring of all processes occurring in it, which is necessary, first of all, for the preservation and successful gestation of the pregnancy. And at the same time the fetus itself is often perceived by the female body as something alien. That, in general, is not surprising, since half of the set of chromosomes of the unborn child are “alien”, unfamiliar to the woman to this hitherto chromosome. And it is here that her body begins to adapt, get used to and adapt, at the same time trying to keep the unborn child and, at the same time, trying to reject him. And this process is accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
According to statistics, nausea during pregnancy for most women is an integral companion for the first three months. However, for some, it only makes itself felt in the morning, immediately after waking up, and it hurts someone all day long and even at night.
The same statistics show that nausea in early pregnancy is the scourge of approximately 50% of expectant mothers. In this case, approximately in a third of the total number of pregnant women, this condition is also complicated by vomiting attacks. About 25% of women awaiting childbirth complain solely of nausea. And only 25% of pregnant women do not feel these unpleasant symptoms of pregnancy at all.
Most often, nausea during pregnancy occurs for the first time in the interval between the fourth and sixth weeks and disappears completely after the fourteenth or fifteenth. But in some cases, this may stretch out for a longer period, regularly recalling about itself until about the fifth month. If nausea in the second trimester still does not recede and continues to plague in the later stages of pregnancy, they speak of late toxicosis. Toxicosis of the second half of pregnancy is complicated during the last months of gestation, which is characterized by the development of various kinds of disorders of the functions of vital systems and organs in both the mother and the child, and in exceptional cases can cause death to one of them or even to both .
Why sick during pregnancy?
Why during pregnancy sick? This question is asked every woman who, to one degree or another, faced with unpleasant manifestations of toxicosis. However, the exact reasons that trigger this mechanism, perhaps, no one will call. Most likely, nausea in early pregnancy is due to a combination of physical and hormonal changes that a woman’s body undergoes during the first weeks after conception.
So, consider some of the most likely reasons why you feel sick during pregnancy:
- Impact on the maternal organism of a special hormone of pregnant women – hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin);
- The immunological incompatibility of the organisms of the mother and the unborn child, which is why a pregnant woman begins to produce special antibodies on him, which allegedly can cause toxicosis (as a rule, after some time, adaptation occurs, and the discomfort of toxicosis completely disappears);
- The impact of another pregnancy hormone – estrogen (an increase in its level is also noted in the first weeks of pregnancy);
- Increased individual susceptibility to odors;
- Chronic diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract;
- Emotional upheavals and experiences, as well as the rejection of one’s own state (for example, such negative emotions as fear of childbirth, unfounded fears for their unborn baby and
Factors that increase the risk of nausea during pregnancy
It is difficult to explain why, during pregnancy, most often women feel sick:
- They suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, as well as chronic diseases of the reproductive system;
- Have problems with the endocrine system;
- Have had abortions;
- Possess asthenic body type;
- Used before pregnancy, a large amount of junk food.
Also, nausea during pregnancy with a high probability occurs in women who have been exposed to toxemia while waiting for the previous child, as well as those whose mothers and grandmothers faced a similar problem during the bearing of their children.
Nausea in early pregnancy
Early nausea during pregnancy is often not the only sign of toxicosis. Vomiting, weakness, drowsiness, fatigue, increased salivation, dizziness are usually added to the list of other symptoms in the first weeks and months of pregnancy.
As a rule, this complex of unpleasant manifestations is not considered a disease and in most cases does not require seeking medical help.
A moderate and mild course of early toxicosis, which is not accompanied by significant weight loss, gagging that occurs more than 10 times during the day, an increase in body temperature and blood pressure, does not threaten pregnancy and the healthy formation of the fetus. But conditions in which nausea is accompanied by frequent vomiting, occurring up to 20 times a day (not only in the morning, but also in the evenings and even at night), can cause premature birth, insufficient weight gain by the child, as well as a slowdown in its development.
In case of severe toxicosis of the first half of pregnancy, inpatient treatment is necessary. If assistance was provided in a timely manner, and the pregnant woman began to gain weight again, the child, as a rule, has every chance to be born with normal indicators and within the prescribed period.
Second Trimester Nausea Pregnancy
If nausea in the second trimester still persists, but it is no longer accompanied by vomiting (or emetic urges rarely occur), then it is considered as a variant of the norm. This condition is not dangerous for either the mother or the baby. And if the baby develops normally and in accordance with the established periods of pregnancy, you should not be afraid. In most cases, nausea during pregnancy is due to excessive accumulation of acetone in the woman’s body, which is associated with a reaction to the appearance of the embryo. Drug treatment allows it.
Late pregnancy nausea
Nausea in late pregnancy is also considered to be quite common. Most often, it is provoked by the displacement of the internal organs of the mother and the compression of their enlarged uterus. When the baby begins to put pressure on the liver, heartburn and pain in the stomach area are added to nausea in late pregnancy.
In the absence of deviations in the analysis of such a state is considered normal. However, if the level of protein in the urine increases, edemas and dizziness appear, pressure increases, they are already talking about the development of gestosis.
Nausea during pregnancy
From the moment fertilization takes place, a number of processes are started in the woman’s body that are necessary for the preservation of pregnancy. In fact, the fetus is an alien agent, as it has a half unfamiliar set of chromosomes.
In order to prevent abortion in the ovary, progesterone is produced – a hormone that has a relaxing effect on the uterus. This same hormone causes toxicosis, the main manifestation of which is nausea during pregnancy. In some women, this symptom of pregnancy is pronounced brightly, in others it is weak. The presence of toxicosis greatly overshadows the life of a woman, but it is difficult to influence it.
Causes of nausea during pregnancy
The main cause of nausea is progesterone. In addition to this hormone, chorionic gonadotropin and prolactin play a role. But why some pregnant women toxicosis manifests itself very clearly, while others less pronounced? This is due to the fact that the body of each woman is individual. Nausea during pregnancy worsens in cases where there were problems with the digestive tract before pregnancy. Too high or low acidity in the stomach, together with the changed hormonal background, can lead not only to nausea, but also to severe vomiting.
Also of great importance is the state of the endocrine, nervous and immune systems of women. Oddly enough, but heredity plays a significant role. Therefore, if the mother had a strong toxicosis, then her daughter is at a higher risk of such manifestations. But the sex of the child in the presence of toxicity has no effect. If there is nausea in early pregnancy, then later vomiting, drooling, heartburn and sensitivity to odors can join. With a fortunate set of circumstances to 12 weeks, all the symptoms disappear.
How to deal with nausea during pregnancy
It is important to remember that nausea often passes by the end of the first trimester. This thought makes life easier for women. Sometimes toxicosis is very pronounced. Vomiting worries several times a day, but simple measures do not help. In such cases, it is necessary to accept inpatient treatment. Frequent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy can cause disturbances in water and electrolyte balance, which adversely affect the fetus and the health of the woman. But severe degrees of toxemia are in fact rare.
There are lots of ways that alleviate nausea in pregnant women. It is necessary to remember a few rules that will help ease the life of a woman:
- Nausea is more likely to crawl on an empty stomach, so you should definitely eat.
- In the morning it is necessary to have breakfast without getting out of bed. After breakfast it is worth a little to lie down
- Meals should be fractional and frequent. Exclude all fried, spicy, smoked and salty foods. It only provokes stomach problems.
- When nausea occurs during pregnancy, do not make sudden movements or bend over. It may cause vomiting.
- It is worth listening to your body. You can eat what you want. Usually a woman does not pull on harmful products.
- Walking in the open air and airing the apartment make it easier.
- Too cold or hot dishes should be excluded.
- A good remedy for nausea during pregnancy is sour and salty foods (apples, tea with lemon, dried fruits, pomegranates, ginger, pickles, sauerkraut).
During pregnancy, smoking and alcohol intake should be avoided, since in addition to harm to the fetus, they increase the manifestations of toxicosis. Severe nausea during pregnancy should be a reason for going to a gynecologist. In the absence of the effect of the diet and with frequent vomiting, the woman needs treatment.
Nausea during late pregnancy
If there is nausea in the first trimester, it is explained by hormonal changes. Sometimes the symptoms do not go away even after 12 weeks. This happens in severe toxemia, which started early and was accompanied by serious disorders. But usually the situation becomes easier after 14-15 weeks and for a while the woman forgets about nausea and nutritional problems. But after a while, nausea appears in late pregnancy. It is associated with the growth of the uterus and the weakening of peristalsis of the stomach.
These reasons lead to the fact that nausea begins after a meal (in the early stages of pregnancy, on the contrary, it passed after a meal). It should inform the gynecologist that stomach discomfort has reappeared. But the reasons are different now, so the treatment methods are also changing.
Tablets for nausea during pregnancy do not exist, so you have to pay attention to the diet and volume of servings. The less food a woman eats in one meal, the less nausea will appear.
It should also be remembered that bed rest and lack of exercise slows down the work of the digestive tract. Therefore, after eating you can not go to bed. It should walk more and move (bend, of course, not worth it). If vomiting has become regular, then the woman should be hospitalized. Nausea during pregnancy and late vomiting is not the norm. The fetus may suffer from nutritional deficiencies and blood circulation disturbances in the mother-placenta-fetus system. Therefore, she needs specialized treatment.
Nausea during pregnancy – what to do?
A woman must inform her gynecologist about all changes in her state of health. Only the doctor will be able to explain the reasons and assess the severity of the patient. You should always listen to your well-being. If at first the toxemia was strong and then abruptly disappeared, then this is a reason for going to the doctor. An ultrasound should be done to ensure that the fetus is in good condition. With missed abortion symptoms quickly pass, so in such cases it is necessary to play it safe.
If, in addition to nausea, abdominal pain, fever, headaches or changes in blood pressure appear, then you should immediately go to the hospital. Such signs suggest a more serious problem than simply relaxing the stomach. Nausea during pregnancy – what to do? This should be decided by the doctor after a thorough examination.
Toxicosis is not every woman. If it is absent, this is not a cause for concern (many women think that this is a sign of hormonal problems). It is just that your body more easily tolerates changes arising from pregnancy. And if there is nausea, then you need to be patient and wait for the end of the first trimester.