Children are allergic to insect bites quite often, but many parents are completely unaware of how to be in such a situation. The knowledge and observance of precautionary measures allows to avoid its emergence in 80% of cases. If the insect has bitten the baby, and he has symptoms of an allergic reaction, parents should immediately consult a doctor. Today in medical practice, this disease is easily treated with the help of safe antihistamines and antiseptics.
Causes of allergies after mosquito bites and other insects
Every child at least once bit a mosquito or any other insect. As a rule, the bite does not entail any consequences and does not harm the health. Recently, however, in children, an allergic reaction after contact with small bloodsuckers is increasingly observed.
Allergies in a child to mosquito bites are quite common. Its main cause is the genetic (hereditary) predisposition of the child’s body. If the family has a mom or dad of allergies, there is a high probability that this will be passed to the baby. Other reasons: the negative impact of the environment, malnutrition, hidden diseases, reduced immunity.
Allergy to insects manifests itself in childhood. If it arose at an older age – most likely the reason lies in another disease.
Scientists identify several categories of children who have a greater chance of getting insect bites:
- with 1 blood group;
- living near open water.
Allergic reaction to mosquito bites
Allergies to mosquitoes and other insects can be of 2 types:
- Occurred after the ingestion of a child of a toxic substance released by mosquito saliva. The main symptoms are severe redness and continuous itching that disappear in a few days.
- Arising from the body’s sensitivity to this substance. The reaction is manifested by an acute form of allergy.
Both options have their manifestations and require immediate treatment. Timely contact with an allergist allows you to get rid of the problem in a matter of days.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction in children to an insect bite
Insect bites are usually manifested by the following symptoms: pain, swelling, itching, irritation. These signs can go into an aggravation phase in a few minutes and provoke a serious reaction in a baby. Children most often encounter it when they are bitten by mosquitoes, bees, wasps, and midges: (see also: midge bites in children: symptoms with photos)
- Allergic reaction to mosquito bites. The main symptoms are redness and swelling. Depending on the intensity of the symptoms, a mosquito bite allergy is of 3 degrees – local, general, mild or moderate, general, severe. Local allergies are characterized by the formation of edema up to 10 cm in size, which can last up to 24 hours. Especially dangerous are swelling in the area of the neck and face. An allergic reaction of a mild or moderate degree is manifested by irritation, a rash similar to urticaria, an increase in the temperature of the baby’s body. In severe form, nausea, urge to vomit, a sharp drop in blood pressure, shortness of breath.
First aid for angioedema and other rapid reactions
First aid for angioedema consists of several steps:
- Termination of contact with the allergen. If a child has been bitten by a bee, you should immediately pull out the sting with forceps
- Overlay harness. It should be tightly pressed to the area of the body that is above the bite.
- Applying a cold compress. It is necessary to attach a compress or ice wrapped in a towel to the bite site.
- Warming feet. The feet of the baby need to be wrapped in a warm blanket or provide him with a warm bath.
- Plentiful warm drink. The baby should be watered as often as possible with water, preferably alkaline, or given to any of the sorbents (if available) in order to remove the allergen from the body as soon as possible.
Features of the treatment of allergies in children
Regardless of how serious the consequences of an insect sting provoked, the child needs a doctor’s advice and appropriate therapy. Parents should not engage in self-treatment and be limited to providing first aid, since such negligence in relation to a child can entail many dangerous complications.
If an allergy from insect bites occurs, medicines are prescribed according to the following criteria: (more details in the article: remedies for redness and itching after insect bites in children)
- the age of the patient;
- its condition, including manifestations of the reaction;
- drug release form.
Children are prescribed antihistamines first of all – syrups, drops or ointments. The safest and most effective of them are: Tavegil, Fenistil, Suprastin, Cetrin, Loratadin, Fenkrol. They help relieve itching and relieve swelling. Most of them begin to act within 15-30 minutes after consumption.
In the list of medical appointments a special place belongs to the balms that cool and soothe the skin. My sunshine, Gardex Baby is one of the best medical products that are suitable for this purpose. If a baby has a blood infection after scratching the bite site, doctors prescribe antibiotic ointments, for example, Baneocin.
Traditional medicine, as a rule, causes more confidence in parents due to their safety. Its effectiveness has been proven over the years, so before going to a doctor, moms and dads treat their children with traditional methods.
Calendula tincture relieves irritation from insect bites
The main ways to treat allergies caused by insect bites:
- The use of herbal tinctures. Most often, parents prefer calendula to treat the bite site, which has anti-inflammatory effects.
- Use camphor solution or salicylic acid. They are used externally to remove matter secreted by insect saliva.
- Applying menthol or toothpaste, in which it is contained, to the site of an insect bite. Menthol helps to get rid of pain and burning, and also has an antiseptic effect. A similar effect gives a sheet of plantain, which can be applied to the affected area directly on the street.
- The use of compresses from a solution of soda and water in a 1: 4 ratio to relieve inflammation. Can be done with the bites of any insect.
- Putting garlic gruel to the place of a mosquito bite. To do this, chop the garlic, add a little water, dip the bandage into the finished gruel and attach it to the sore spot for a few minutes.
To prevent insect bites, parents should follow these tips:
- It is necessary to use mosquito nets – both in the house and in wheelchairs during the walk.
- It is preferable to wear light-colored clothing, which should cover the neck and arms.
- Opening ponds with stagnant water – taboo. If a trip to nature cannot be canceled in any way, it is necessary to cover open areas of the body with special means of protection against insects – sprays, aerosols, creams.
- The kid and his parents should behave calmly in front of insects – in no case should one dismiss them. In this case, it is better to quietly step aside.