Safety for the fetus – the main requirement for drugs taken during pregnancy. But the list of such drugs is small. Therefore, even in the event of the occurrence of a common cold, the future mother has a question: what to treat? The huge choice of drugs in pharmacies leads to sort through a variety of options in the search for approved ones. Liugol during pregnancy seems to be quite safe, as this tool is time tested and has always been used to treat young children.
Lyugol belongs to the group of local antiseptics. The drug is named after the French doctor who developed it in 1829.
In our country, Lugol’s solution has been widely used since 1986, when it was actively used to treat people affected by the Chernobyl accident.
Composition and mechanism of action
The main therapeutic effect when using Lugol is achieved due to the presence in its composition of molecular iodine – an antiseptic with a local irritant effect. It binds proteins of microorganisms, thereby causing their death.
The drug is most effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, pathogenic fungi, including yeast. The staphylococcal flora is more resistant to iodine, so for its destruction requires prolonged use of the drug.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (causative agent of purulent-inflammatory processes, for example, in wounds) is resistant to Lugol action.
Also in the composition of the drug are present:
- potassium iodide, which improves the solubility of the main active substance;
- glycerol, softening mucous.
Indications for use
The instructions to the drug indicate that it can be used to treat infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pharynx and larynx, angular stomatitis, purulent otitis, atrophic rhinitis, tertiary syphilis, sclerosis, for the treatment of burns, wounds, varicose and trophic ulcers.
Also, the drug can be used to prevent thyroid abnormalities caused by iodine deficiency.
Lugol during pregnancy is widely used to treat inflammation of the pharynx and larynx. If during the procedure the drug is accidentally swallowed, iodine is absorbed into the blood and accumulates in the thyroid gland. Excreted mainly by the kidneys.
Release form and price
Lugolum is presented in the form of a solution for external and topical use, that is, it can be used both for application to the skin and mucous membranes (mouth, nose, throat). On sale you can see the drug in glass dark bottles with a dropper or with a spray nozzle (spray).
In both cases, the composition of the drug is the same, the choice depends on the preferences of the patient.
More convenient to use for most people is the spray, because the device for spraying allows you to more evenly apply the solution to the surface of the skin or mucous membrane, even if it is difficult to access. A dropper bottle requires the additional use of a cotton swab, with which the affected areas are treated.
A solution of Lugol in a bottle with a dropper (25 or 50 ml) costs from 15 to 40 rubles. The spray is available in bottles with the same volume, the average cost is from 70 to 100 rubles.
Lugol treatment during pregnancy
Can Lugol be used during pregnancy? The instruction states that the drug is potentially dangerous with long-term use in 2 and 3 trimesters. This caution is due to the presence in the composition of the solution of iodine, which changes the functioning of the thyroid gland, the metabolism of proteins and fats. It can also affect the unborn baby.
Recent clinical studies refute this assumption, during which they revealed:
- iodine enters the mother’s thyroid gland only when it is deficient;
- excess iodine excreted by the kidneys;
- iodine deficiency in the body of a pregnant woman is much more dangerous than excess.
In addition, Lugol – a means for outdoor and local use, so it enters the bloodstream in a minimum amount. The amount of iodine is also insignificant because potassium iodide remains on the surface.
From all these facts it follows that the solution of Lugol with glycerol is safe during pregnancy.
The need for its use increases also due to the fact that in the period of childbearing a woman’s immunity decreases, the susceptibility of an infectious disease increases, and most of the drugs are contraindicated.
The dosage and method of treatment of Lugol during pregnancy is determined by the doctor. As a rule, the drug is recommended as well as for all other groups of patients.
When using spray, mucous irrigation should be done 4 to 6 times a day, depending on the severity of the symptoms. For the procedure, a single click on the sprayer is enough. If a solution with a dropper is used, then a small amount of medicine should be applied to the cotton swab and the throat should be treated with it. The procedure is repeated 3 times a day.
Duration of treatment is not more than 10 days. During the procedure (both with the spray and the swab), you need to hold your breath, after a half hour to refrain from eating and drinking.
Contraindications and side effects
Despite the safety of Lugol, it is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to iodine or glycerol, as well as in diseases accompanied by increased dryness of mucous membranes.
Hypersensitivity to the components of the solution may be manifested by redness, burning, swelling of the mucous membranes. Lugol is able to increase the dryness of the tissues, so if it is present initially, the drug will only aggravate the situation, increase inflammation.
In rare cases, the drug can provoke undesirable reactions: nausea, vomiting, bronchospasm, burning and itching, urticaria, dry skin and mucous membranes, copious flow of saliva and nasal mucus. If similar symptoms occur, you need to discuss with your doctor the options for replacing Lugol with another drug.
Liugol during pregnancy should be prescribed by a doctor. It not only destroys the pathogens, but also prevents their spread.
Using the drug in compliance with the dosage and duration of treatment will not harm the unborn baby and reduce the risk of side effects.
Author: Olga Khanova, doctor, especially for