The question is about can I get pregnant immediately after menstruation, There are many women who are of reproductive age – and today, despite the huge amount of modern contraceptives, many people continue to use the physiological method of contraception, considering it the safest for health.
Pregnancy after menstruation – why it is possible
During sexual intercourse, the spermatozoa enters the woman’s internal genital organs – first in the vagina, then pass through the uterine mouth and the cervical canal, the uterine cavity, and enter the fallopian tubes. It is in the ampullary division of the fallopian tube that the spermatozoon and the mature egg are “meeting” – fertilization occurs, after which the active division of the formed zygote begins. During this process, the division of the zygote gradually descends into the uterine cavity, where its nidation (insertion) into the endometrium takes place – it is with the successful completion of the described processes that a normal uterine pregnancy occurs.
These processes are sufficiently extended in time – the sperm cells retain their viability for a week after the woman enters the genital tract, while the egg remains fertilizable for only 24 hours (some modern researchers believe that it maintains vitality for 36 hours). From the moment of fertilization to the moment of implantation of actively dividing zygotes, it takes up to 7 days, and even the use of the most modern research methods does not always allow to clearly capture all aspects of a woman’s reproductive cycle.
Even in the same representative of the fair sex, during several menstrual cycles, fluctuations in the duration of these periods can be observed – that is why the likelihood of pregnancy immediately after menstruation cannot be excluded. This phenomenon is explained very simply – ovulation occurs on the 12-15th day of the normal menstrual cycle, and the menstrual bleeding itself can last up to 7 days from the beginning of the cycle (the first day of menstruation). That is why a simple comparison of these indicators explains why you can become pregnant even immediately after menstruation.
Is this statement always true?
Such a statement, which suggests that pregnancy immediately after menstruation is possible, is true only for women who have a “settled” menstrual cycle, there are no inflammatory processes in the female genital organs and the pelvis, there are no hormonal disorders of any genesis. All this is true only for women with a relatively short menstrual cycle, the duration of which does not exceed 26-28 days. In this case, pregnancy is possible even with unprotected intercourse, which occurs during the last 2 days of menstruation (on the 6-7th day of the monthly cycle) – when using the physiological method of contraception in this case, the partners are very at risk, and unplanned pregnancy occurs quite often.
Accordingly, with longer periods of the menstrual cycle, the likelihood of such an undesirable development of events decreases, but such women often “shift” the date of ovulation. Gynecologists generally believe that the physiological method of contraception is justified and safe when used during the period after ovulation occurs – it is possible to determine the time of release of a mature egg cell as home methods (basal temperature measurement), as well as instrumental methods of research, for example, ultrasound of the pelvic organs both transabdominal and intravaginal ultrasound). Accordingly, the egg cell remains viable for a maximum of 36 hours — after this time, the woman remains relatively sterile until the time of the start of the next menstrual cycle.
How to prevent unwanted pregnancy in this period of time
The only reliable way to prevent unwanted pregnancy in this period of time is to use any reliable method of contraception. The occurrence of an unplanned pregnancy is absolutely impossible in the case when women use oral contraceptive pills (oral contraceptives), intrauterine devices and intravaginal means with a minimum dose of hormonal substances – in this case, the possibility of pregnancy becomes reliably suppressed from the first days of using this method of contraception.
When using means of barrier contraception (condom), the possibility of pregnancy is minimal, but its probability is slightly higher than when using hormonal drugs. This happens because a condom can be broken or misused – if the sperm, even in minimal quantities, gets into the female genitals, pregnancy can occur, although the likelihood of such a development is rather small. In such cases (if pregnancy is completely undesirable), mandatory immediate use of any local remedy that is detrimental to sperm (spermicides) is recommended – despite the possibility of a local allergic reaction, it will cause women less damage than the need for an abortion (artificial interruption of pregnancy) for birth control.
It is important to remember that sexual intercourse, which takes place without the use of barrier contraception, but the man refrains from ejaculation in the internal genital organs of his partner (interrupted sexual intercourse), has almost no advantages compared to ordinary sexual contact, conducted without contraceptive means . Such a variant of the event cannot be ruled out – viable spermatozoa can remain in the man’s urethra after the last sexual intercourse for the same 7 days, and enter the vagina even before the completion of the sexual intercourse.
This method of contraception can never be used to reliably prevent unwanted pregnancy.