Proteins (proteins) take part in over hundreds of biochemical processes in the body. The composition of plasma and blood directly depends on their proper absorption and exchange. And by analyzing the total protein content in the body, one can determine the course of many diseases, including the hidden ones.
According to research, The level of total protein in the blood is greatly influenced by the diet and lifestyle of a person.
From this article you will get answers to the following questions:
- What is the norm of protein in the blood of a healthy person?
- Does the rate depend on age, gender?
- What methods can you quickly raise its level? Will this help a specialized diet, traditional medicine?
- What can lower its concentration?
Those peptide compounds that contain protein play a transport function in the circulatory system. That is, with their help, micronutrients enter cells, and waste products are derived from them.
Also, protein is an integral part of the form elements, participating in the synthesis process:
With the help of proteins, the release of energy from the burning of fats and carbohydrates is also carried out, respectively, the nominal body temperature is maintained.
The main types of proteins in human blood plasma:
- Albumen – is the main plasma protein, plays a key role in maintaining blood pressure, osmotic movement of blood through blood vessels. It is also binding for complex lipid chains and many drugs.
- Globulins – mainly take on the transport function. It is with their help that the body spreads vitamins, minerals, protein combinations (which later form muscle tissue). Globulins also take part in the work of the immune system by transporting leukocytes to the foci of infection.
- Fibrinogen – water-soluble protein, ranks third in quantitative normal in the blood. In contact with thrombin – precipitates, forming the so-called “fibroniti” – they form the basis of the fibrin polymer, literally plugging damage to blood vessels in combination with platelets.
The above are only the main variations of the proteins included in the blood. But all of them – more than 100 varieties, each of which assumes a number of biochemical functions of the body.
The rate of total protein in the blood
According to the accepted standards and directives of WHO (World Health Organization), the following indicators are considered as the norm of total protein in the blood (grams per liter):
- newborns – from 45 to 70;
- children up to 3 years – from 51 to 73;
- children under 15 – from 60 to 81;
- from 15 years and older – from 65 to 85;
- over 65 years old – from 62 to 81.
Indicators – conditional. It is much more important for the diagnosis indicators of individual proteins, as well as their derived elements.
Normal values during pregnancy
Low total protein in the blood during pregnancy can trigger the development of a variety of pathologies in the unborn child and therefore requires a drug increase. It is the protein that acts as a “building component,” from which organs, tissues, neurons, blood, and so on are formed.
Accordingly, its deficiency will lead to the fact that the fetus will not be able to fully form. This is especially important in the second and third trimester, when the child’s body is actively gaining weight.
The level of protein in the blood during pregnancy is significantly reduced. This is a normal phenomenon, and just indicates that a significant part of it is transported through the placenta to the body of the unborn baby.
If for an adult the order is 65 – 85 grams of protein per liter of blood, then during pregnancy, this figure drops to 55 – 65 grams per liter. Accordingly, a decrease in the level of protein in the blood below 55 is considered a deviation from the norm.
How to increase – 3 main methods
Below we consider the 3 main ways to influence the level of total protein in the blood plasma.
1. Change the diet
What foods increase the level of protein in the blood? The answer is obvious – those in which the high protein content. These include:
- Meat. In beef, on average, up to 30 grams of protein per 100 grams of product. In chicken fillet – up to 25 grams and so on.
- Egg whites. One boiled egg contains about 3 grams of protein.
- Cottage cheese. Contains up to 18 grams of protein per 100 grams of product. In skim – a little less, about 12 – 14 grams.
- Seafood. In fish, about 12 to 15 grams of protein are per 100 grams. More – in caviar.
- Legumes This can also be attributed peas, beans. Contain from 20 to 25 grams of protein per 100 grams.
- Cereals. Depending on the culture, they contain from 8 to 12 grams of protein per 100 grams of the finished product.
- Nuts Contain up to 30 grams of protein. This includes peanuts, pistachios, walnuts, and pine nuts.
But it is worth considering that normally protein is absorbed only with a sufficient level of vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients in the blood. The indicator of carbohydrates is also important, since energy is necessary for the normal course of the digestive process. Accordingly, in order to increase the amount of protein that the body absorbs from food, it is necessary to observe a varied and complete diet.
2. Use proven folk remedies
To increase the protein in the blood of folk remedies, often recommend the following options:
- Corn kernel decoction. To prepare take 5 tablespoons of dry ground seeds, pour 2 liters of water. Bring to a boil, then allow to boil for another 20 minutes over low heat. After – insist until the grains are soft. Next – strain, take 100 grams of broth 2 times a day after meals. The course of treatment – until finished cooked broth.
- Seaweed. Use in the form of a salad with the addition of vinegar, spices, onions, garlic (cook to taste, a clear recipe is not provided). There are 2 times a day for lunch and dinner. At one time it is recommended to eat at least 40 grams of algae.
3. Take vitamin complexes
Universal drugs, which will help to quickly raise the protein in the blood – does not exist. Contribute to this can only diet in combination with taking vitamin preparations. The best thing in this respect was:
- Alphabet. Combined vitamin complex. Perfect for both men and adults, as well as children from 12 years. It contains iron, which stimulates biochemical processes involving proteins.
- Hematogen. Sold in pharmacies in the form of diet bars. As part of a lot of iron.
- Duovit Multivitamin. Suitable for children.
Again, these drugs should be taken only with a combination with a protein diet. Otherwise, there will be no improvement.
And what reduces it?
The level of protein in the blood is rapidly reduced when exposed to the following factors:
- Vegetarianism. It implies the rejection of food of animal origin. But it is in meat, milk, eggs the most protein, in vegetable food – at times less.
- Lactation. During the period of breastfeeding, the protein naturally decreases. This is not a deviation from the norm. But if it falls less than 55 grams per liter of blood, then the diet should be adjusted.
- Lack of fluid in the body. May occur against the background of taking certain medication, alcohol, or with significant physical exertion.
- Liver disease. Most of the proteins, which then enter the blood, are produced in the liver. Accordingly, diseases of this organ can adversely affect the synthesis of proteins that form the basis of blood plasma.
- Depletion of the body. Most often occurs on the background of long-term treatment of infectious diseases. At the same time, not only the level of protein in the blood falls, but also the speed of its absorption decreases.
- Some diseases of the endocrine system. In particular, diabetes.
- Renal failure. Often leads to an increase in protein in the urine.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Slow down the process of cleavage of protein compounds, respectively, the body is deficient in amino acids.
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So, the best way to increase the concentration of protein in the blood is to increase the amount of protein consumed. You should first conduct a comprehensive diagnosis and eliminate infectious diseases, normalize the liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.
It is extremely important to maintain the protein at a normal level during pregnancy, as with a deficiency there is a risk of developing pathologies in the unborn child.