Rhinitis is a very common catarrhal disease, which can occur both by itself and be one of the manifestations of various acute respiratory viral infections, a complication of bacterial inflammation of the nasopharynx. The runny nose and nasal congestion feature greatly harass a sick person, deprives him of free breathing, disrupts sleep, reduces performance. Especially to look at how the kids are suffering, who are not able to independently clean the nose of heavy mucous or purulent discharge.
When it becomes a matter of choosing which nasal preparation to choose – of synthetic origin or created on the basis of plant-based, natural components, the balance is altered in favor of the second. Without a doubt, natural products are more easily tolerated by the body, have fewer side effects, are non-toxic, their risk of overdose is significantly lower than that of drugs with chemical active substances.
Among the large number of nasal preparations, Pinosol stands out as a complex medicine, created on the basis of exclusively herbal and natural ingredients. This drug has many positive reviews among those who used Pinosol in treatment. But at the same time there is a lot of data on its lack of effectiveness in some cases. Pinosol has a fairly wide range of uses, but, despite its natural composition, it has enough limitations in the treatment of rhinitis, as few people suspect.
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The low price and availability of this nasal preparation makes it very popular with the population. But before buying and using it for the treatment of rhinitis, you need to know all the features of the application and the pitfalls of this treatment.
The composition of Pinosol, the therapeutic effect of its components
The name of the nasal drug Pinosol is derived from the Latin word Pinus, which translates as pine. And in fact, Pinosol contains mountain pine or common pine oil, peppermint and eucalyptus. This composition of vegetable oils is enhanced by the introduction of gvayazulena, which is isolated from eucalyptus essential oil.
In addition, the composition of Pinosol contains antioxidant alpha-tocopherol acetate (also known as vitamin E) and thymol, which is isolated from thyme oil. Rapeseed oil for nasal drops, white wax for cream or ointment, as well as labrafil M and butyloxyanisol are used as auxiliary components in the medicine.
These active substances exhibit complex antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, soothing, regenerating, mild vasoconstrictor effects in the treatment of non-allergic rhinitis. Pinosol improves trophism of the nasal mucosa, its blood circulation, eliminates swelling, has a slight anesthetic effect, which ultimately reduces rhinorrhea, improves nasal cavities, facilitates breathing and eliminates the cause of rhinitis.
Eucalyptus, pine and mint oils, as well as thymol have an antibacterial effect that can be effective against a number of staphylococci, for example, golden, E. coli, mold and fungal microorganisms, such as aspergillus and Candida.
Peppermint oil has a slight analgesic effect.
Tocopherol acetate contributes to granulation, epithelialization and restoration of damaged nasal mucosa.
Indications for use Pinosol
Pinosol in any dosage form is used to treat inflammatory diseases of the nose and nasopharynx, in particular, rhinitis of the following nosological forms:
- acute bacterial rhinitis;
- chronic infectious rhinitis;
- rhinitis of fungal origin.
It is used to treat postoperative cicatricial changes in the nasal mucosa, for example, after surgical intervention for sinusitis and other sinusitis.
Inhalation method is used to treat inflammatory diseases of bacterial origin of the upper respiratory tract – nasopharynx, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis.
Essential oils of Pinosol have an antibacterial effect, but microorganisms are always competitors and antagonists to viruses, preventing their reproduction. In this regard, the destruction of bacterial flora with rhinitis viral nature will only contribute to the progression of the disease. In this regard, Pinosol in the first days of the course of viral rhinitis cannot be used.
Contraindications for the use of Pinosol: absolute and depending on the type of dosage form
This nasal drug, like any medicine, is forbidden to be used in treatment if the patient has an individual intolerance or allergic reactions to any component that is part of Pinosol.
If Pinosol’s contraindication is not paid due attention, its use threatens to turn into critical conditions for the patient – anaphylactic shock, angioedema, bronchospasm, suffocation, mild urticaria or allergic rhinitis.
Pinosol itself can be a source of allergy, because it contains essential vegetable oils, which can be powerful allergens, so the drug is contraindicated for the treatment of allergic rhinitis of all forms and etiology.
The drug is absolutely contraindicated for the treatment of children younger than one year old according to the instructions for use of Pinosol. But medical practice and clinical trials suggest that age limits should be extended to 3 years of age. At the age of 1 to 3 years, it can be used only if it is vital for a sick child, and the degree of risk is much lower than the expected benefits of using Pinosol.
Pinosol is not used for the treatment of viral rhinitis on the background of SARS or influenza in the first 2-3 days after the onset of the disease,
Pinosol forms in the form of spray or drops are not used to treat dry rhinitis. In this case, you must use an ointment or cream Pinosol.
The use of Pinosol spray is contraindicated for children under 6 years of age, although it would be wise to extend this age limit to 14 years.
With extreme caution in the treatment and children need to use the form of the drug in the form of an ointment or cream because of the inability to control the dose of drugs. Dosage form of choice for children are Pinosol nasal drops.
Side Effects of Pinosol
Typically, this nasal drug is well tolerated, if there are no contraindications and individual intolerance to individual components of the drug. But in some cases, patients may experience the discomfort of itching, burning sensation at the site of application of the medicine. The inflammatory reaction, hyperemia of the mucous membranes, swelling of the nasal cavity may increase.
Despite the fact that Pinosol is used for rhinitis, in some cases it only enhances its course, and does not eliminate the effects of rhinitis. With prolonged use of Pinosol, dry nasal mucosa may occur, although the basis of the preparation is oily.
When these side effects of treatment with Pinosol appear, it is better to refuse or consult a doctor about the advisability of extending the course of treatment.
Dosage forms of Pinosol: their scope
The pharmaceutical industry produces the nasal drug Pinosol in four varieties, which are used in treatment depending on the type of rhinitis and the patient’s age:
- Pinosol spray, which has the fastest and most curative effect;
- drops in the nose Pinosol, have the same composition and concentration of medicinal substances, as in the spray;
- ointment Pinosol, which has a long and effective action;
- Pinosol cream showing the softest, most gentle, prolonged action.
The composition of Pinosol, the dosage and cost of these dosage forms is different. When choosing for the treatment of a particular form of the drug, you need to be guided by what form of rhinitis the drug should be treated.
Wet rhinitis with rhinorrhea is treated with nasal drops or spray. For the treatment of wet rhinitis in children, preference should be given to nasal drops Pinosol. For adult patients, spray may be more effective.
According to the instructions, Pinosol spray penetrates very deeply, covering a large area of the nasal mucosa, therefore, in the treatment of sinusitis, this type will be preferred. However, the spray can get into the lower respiratory tract when inhaling, so the attraction of young children to prevent bronchospasm and side effects, it is not used. In addition, the spray is not recommended for use with a tendency to dryness of the nasal mucosa.
Drops Pinosol for the nose is easier to dose, besides, they do not cause injuries to the vulnerable mucous membrane of the child. The oil base of nasal drops very rarely leads to dry nasal mucosa.
If rhinitis has passed into the dry stage with the formation of crusts, then it is necessary to give preference to ointment or cream Pinosol. The latter form has a more gentle action, although the duration of the effect fully corresponds to the ointment form.
Therefore, the cream is used for problematic mucous membranes of the nasal cavity. Ointment Pinosol has a more pronounced therapeutic effect than the cream, but it acts more aggressively against the nasal mucosa.
Pinosol does not have the same productive vasoconstrictor action as the popular Galazolin, Naphthyzinum, Farmazolin and other drops in the nose. Its vasoconstrictor effect is manifested only with the elimination of the inflammatory reaction and, as a result, swelling of the nasal mucosa. Therefore, in many cases, to eliminate nasal congestion with Pinosol fails.
Method of use of Pinosol, depending on its dosage form
According to the instructions, ointment or cream Pinosol is applied to the nasal mucosa in each nostril 3-4 times a day for 1-2 weeks. At one time for an adult, it will be enough to squeeze 1 cm3 of the drug substance from a tube. To apply the ointment on the mucous was more uniform, you can use a cotton swab. After application, you need to press and easily massage each nostril.
According to the instructions, Pinosol drops are introduced into each nostril, 1-2 drops to children up to 3 times a day, adults – up to 4 times a day. For young children, drops are applied to the mucous membrane with the help of a moistened cotton swab to avoid draining the liquid medication into the upper respiratory tract. And the first day of the disease, adults can inject drops every 1-2 hours. From the second day of treatment, they switch to a 3-4-fold administration per day. The duration of treatment is 5-7 days.
Before use of a spray from a bottle the protective cap is removed. You can shake the bottle with the contents. The tip of the dispenser is inserted into the nostril, then it is easy to press the cap. It is advisable to keep the bottle in an upright position. During the day, adult patients may, according to the instructions of Pinosol spray enter up to 6 times. The duration of treatment is usually 5-7 days, in rare cases it can be extended to 10 days.
Before starting treatment, you need to check yourself for individual sensitivity to Pinosol, for which a small amount is injected into one nostril, then the condition of the mucous membranes is assessed several hours later. If allergy symptoms occur, redness, itching occurs, then treatment with this nasal preparation should be abandoned.
When should I use pinosol for inhalation?
Inhalation is a very effective way to treat many inflammatory diseases of not only the upper, but also the lower respiratory tract. Essential oils, herbal infusions are very often used for inhalations. And if we take into account the fact that Pinosol is nothing but the composition of essential oils of eucalyptus, mountain pine (fir) and mint, and other plant extracts, the answer immediately suggests that it can be used for inhalation.
Instructions for use Pinosol states that you can add 2 ml of the drug, which corresponds to 50 drops per 1 liter of hot boiled water. It is better to use a saline solution of 0.9% for this purpose. Such inhalation of Pinosol can be done 2 times a day for 5 minutes each time. The duration of treatment should not exceed 5-7 days.
Pinosol can be entered using a nebulizer, while you should not be afraid that essential oils can clog the design of the inhaler. Another issue is that inhalation with pinol is for children under the age of 3 years generally contraindicated to prevent bronchospasm.
You need to be careful when conducting such inhalations for children of preschool age. In other cases, inhalation of this medication will be very effective. And how effective is the use of Pinosol say reviews on the forums, which sometimes will be very useful to read.
Due to the fact that the inhalation method of treatment with Pinosol is used to treat the upper respiratory tract, it is necessary to use tips for spraying the aerosol that forms the coarse and medium dispersion media of the medicinal solution.
Use of Pinosol in the treatment of sinusitis and sinusitis
This nasal drug is often used to treat sinusitis and sinusitis, but only as part of the overall treatment. It helps to remove the swelling of tissues, to facilitate access to other more effective topical drugs to the maxillary sinuses.
The antibacterial properties of Pinosol can only complement the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects of basic antibiotic, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal drugs.
Treatment of sinusitis with only Pinosol sinusitis will not bring any positive results, it will be ineffective and useless. In addition, precious time will be lost in treating a very serious disease – sinusitis, which can lead to formidable complications – infection of the sheaths of the brain.
Difficult choice: can Pinosol during pregnancy
With the onset of pregnancy, many women have a lot of questions, what drugs can be used, which are contraindicated, if you can not suddenly save yourself during an epidemic of acute viral respiratory infections. The question is not idle, but very important, because everyone knows that many drugs that are perfectly safe for any person can cause irreparable harm to the growing and developing fetus.
Unfortunately, pregnant women are not protected from colds. And a cold during an interesting situation is very common, especially when it manifests as a runny nose, rhinorrhea, inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses. In this case, popular methods of treatment come to the fore, but not all of them can exhibit an effective vasoconstrictor effect to eliminate the painful swelling of the nasal mucosa and reduce nasal discharge. And to deal with congestion. The nose is necessary for breathing to be free, because the lack of oxygen for a small fetus is a huge nuisance leading to hypoxia of the brain.
In addition, nasal congestion is a direct way to the formation of severe coughing, because the discharge from the nose, apart from the will of the pregnant woman, will leak into the respiratory tract, infecting it deeper and deeper. So the question arises, which drug for the treatment of rhinitis can be preferred. The range of anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor nasal remedies is quite large, and very often expectant mothers opt for Pinosol. But let’s objectively understand whether it is possible to use Pinosol during pregnancy.
To begin with, let us recall that pregnant women, due to the fact that their immunity is very weakened, due to the nature of this physiological state, often suffer from colds, in particular, a cold. In addition, future mummies often diagnose the so-called rhinitis of pregnant women, when nasal congestion occurs, as if by itself, regardless of the impact of infectious or allergic external agents.
This factor suggests that pregnant women often have to resort to the use of anti-rhinitis. So another question arises whether it is possible for pregnant Pinosol to be used frequently and regularly without harm to the health of her and her unborn child. It is usually considered that Pinosol is one of the most innocuous and harmless medicines, because it includes herbal ingredients, essential oils. But how does this drug behave in relation to the fetus?
Let’s go to the manufacturer’s instructions for this medicine. According to the instructions, Pinosol can be used during pregnancy, but is not recommended for children under one year of age. There is another caveat stating that the appointment of pinosol pregnant women should be carried out only under strict indications. Again, we return to the list of indications, among which are rhinitis of different etiology, serious inflammatory diseases of the nasal mucosa, nasopharynx, and even the state after surgery.
But there is also such a warning, according to which the prolonged use of a pinosol drop during pregnancy and under any conditions is not recommended, in other words, not allowed. The answer suggests itself that during pregnancy, Pinosol can only be used according to indications and only for a maximum of 5-7 days.
Judging by the composition, Pinosol during pregnancy should not cause any great ills, but precaution is paramount. Only this drug, even with such a wide spectrum of action, can help far from every future mother. Although Pinosol can be used for pregnant women, they are often disappointed in it. It all depends on each individual case.
It is very difficult to predict how a woman’s body will respond to the use of Pinosol. Even if a woman has never complained of allergies, then in a new state it is quite possible that the allergic process will not keep itself waiting, because essential oils can often lead to these undesirable consequences. And if the cold is caused by an allergic nature, then Pinosol is strictly prohibited to use.
And one more thing, this nasal drug is available both in drops and as an ointment. Doctors recommend pregnant women to opt for nasal drops, which spread better and penetrate through the mucous membrane.
Is pinosol harmless during breastfeeding?
If everything is clear with the use of Pinosol during pregnancy, the question arises for young mothers, is it possible to use it for the treatment of rhinitis during breastfeeding. The instruction says that the use of Pinosol during lactation is possible only under strict indications. Why is that? After all, the essential oils contained in the preparation are not capable of getting into breast milk in any way,
But you have to remember about the high ability of this nasal remedy to cause allergic reactions in response to its use. If the individual tolerance of essential oils is in order, then you can not worry about the consequences of using a nasal remedy. It is not toxic, so it can be used by nursing mothers.
Use of Pinosol in Pediatrics
In pediatric practice, it is often necessary to confront the problem of treating a childhood cold, caused by an infectious or allergic nature. The choice of nasal means is very large, so in each individual case one or another drug is chosen. And as practice shows, pinosol for children by pediatricians is recommended in the general scheme of treatment of rhinitis very often.
As mentioned above, this drug has a wide spectrum of action, because it exhibits a high antiseptic and antimicrobial effect, well eliminates the manifestations of inflammation of the nasal mucosa, facilitates nasal breathing due to a small vasoconstrictive effect,
Immediately it should be noted that Pinosol drops for children do not have a direct vasoconstrictor effect, such as Naphthyzinum, Galazolin or Farmazolin. Nasal congestion is eliminated by relieving inflammation and swelling of the mucous membranes, but this does not happen very quickly. Therefore, it should be used precisely to treat the causes of acute and chronic rhinitis, and not to eliminate nasal congestion.
Allergic rhinitis Pinosol is not treated, because the drug itself can cause allergic reactions.
At what age can Pinosol be used for children?
According to the instructions, Pinosol is prescribed for children only when they reach the age of 1 year. Only from this age and up to 3 years, as practice says, the use of Pinosol is not recommended without a doctor’s prescription. Therefore, especially great care has to be observed in the treatment of children from one to three years. This is due to the fact that small children during the introduction of the drug in the nose can take a quick breath, and the drug instantly gets into the upper respiratory tract – the larynx, trachea and bronchi, which is completely unacceptable.
This situation often happens when inexperienced moms use Pinosol spray to treat children, which is completely unacceptable for babies. If drops of medicinal substance get into the respiratory tract, then there can be a very terrible complication – bronchospasm, the removal of which will require a large complex of medical emergency measures. But this problem can be avoided if the drug is applied to the nasal mucosa only at the entrance to each nostril and on the skin in front of it with a cotton swab moistened with Pinosol.
Still, it is better to avoid using this drug until the age of 3 years, although the age of 1 year is indicated in the Pinosol instructions. Clinical trials prove the full safety of the drug only for children who have reached the age of 3 years, but only if the child does not have individual intolerance to the individual components of the drug or allergic reactions.
In addition to all the above, you can not use this dosage form for children as Pinosol spray, like all other nasal sprays. The children’s body is not yet able to regulate the dose of the medicinal substance, which gets inside. If an adult can immediately blow it when in contact with excess nasal means, the baby is not able to do so independently. And then the child will either leak excess drug into the upper respiratory tract, or he will receive an increased dose of the drug.
What dosage form of Pinosol to choose for the treatment of a child’s cold?
This nasal drug is available in four versions of dosage forms – ointment, cream, drops of Pinosol and Pinosol spray. The most undesirable for pediatric practice is the spray for the reason described above. Without danger, it can be used for children over 14 years old, who can hold their breath while administering a medicine, control the surplus of the drug, and remove them in time.
And although the instructions often contain an indication that it is possible to use the spray after 5-6 years of age, as many reviews and practices say, children of even primary school age are not yet able to regulate breathing during the introduction of the drug into the nose.
In the pharmacy network, you can immediately see that the spray is much more expensive than other dosage forms. But more expensive – this does not mean more efficient. In addition, in this case, only the packaging of the drug determines the high price, and the composition of the spray is completely identical to the composition with a drop in the nose Pinosol. Of course, the spray is applied simultaneously to the maximum area of the inflamed nasal mucosa. But is it necessary and possible for children to use Pinosol as a spray for small children if there are other forms that are less safe for them?
For children under the age of 14, Pinosol drops will be a better choice. This fact is confirmed by the numerous reviews of mothers about the use of Pinosol in their children, especially of preschool age. Nasal drops are easy to dose, so fear for an overdose is not necessary. Usually, according to the instructions, the drops should be instilled no more than 3 times a day, injecting 1-2 drops into each nostril.
Pinosal nasal drops are great for children of primary school and pre-school age. But for preschool children, it is better to inject the medicine with cotton swabs in order to avoid its flowing into the nasopharynx and trachea.
Such dosage forms, such as ointment or cream Pinosol, are used only in cases when dry rhinitis develops, hard-to-remove crusts form in the nasal passages, which is an obstacle to penetration of nasal drops into the nasal mucosa. In this case, they will be ineffective and even useless.
But there are dosage forms in the form of ointment and cream one downside – they are very difficult to dose. Therefore, Pinosol can be prescribed to children as an ointment or cream only in rare cases, when there is no other way out. By the way, the same recommendations are present in the official instructions to Pinosol.
The most correct solution will be to rinse the baby’s nose in any manner described on this website in order to remove dried crusts and free up the nasal passages for the subsequent administration of Pinosol nasal drops. By the way, with a dry rhinitis with the formation of crusts, the use of Pinosol spray will also be completely ineffective.
Is there a baby Pinosol for sale?
If anyone recommends purchasing a baby Pinosol, which supposedly has its own dosage, specially selected for the treatment of babies, then you can be sure that you are talking to an uneducated amateur or a fraudster. The pharmaceutical industry does not produce children Pinosol, this dosage form does not exist in nature.
This nasal drug is used to treat both children and adults, the whole question is only in the correct dosage of the medicinal substance and the choice of dosage form, depending on the age of the sick patient. Before using Pinosol, it is necessary to consult with your doctor about the possibility of its use.
If during the use of Pinosol appeared undesirable side symptoms and phenomena, then you need to immediately stop its use and consult with your pediatrician.
Does Pinosol have analogues?
Pinosol, as such, has no analogues of identical composition, which would be produced by the pharmaceutical industry with exactly the same medicinal ingredients and the concentration of active substances. Therefore, it is quite possible to consider drugs that have a similar medicinal basis with this nasal drug, for example, essential oils of pine, mint, eucalyptus, which can be mixed with certain proportions for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the nose and nasopharynx.
However, a similar composition is present in a drug like Pinovit. It consists of mountain pine, mint, eucalyptus, α-tocopherol acetate and thymol oils. Triglycerides are present as an adjuvant. But in this preparation there is no guviazulena, which is part of Pinosol.
Due to the fact that Pinosol is a fairly cheap drug that is always present in the pharmacy chain, there is no need to replace it. The question of its replacement or refusal to use it in treatment arises only when it is ineffective or causes negative side effects.
Special instructions when using Pinosol
At observance of the correct dosage, the phenomenon of an overdose of Pinosol is not recorded. This drug is perfectly combined with other drugs, so it is often prescribed as an adjunct medication for the treatment of rhinitis, sinusitis, and sinusitis.