How to treat purulent tonsillitis in children – Such a question can often be heard in a pediatrician’s doctor, because this disease is quite common in children. After infection of the child’s body with bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci), inflammatory changes appear in the tonsils, which in one or two days turn into purulent processes.
Pus accumulates on the tonsils in the area of the follicles (lymph nodes) in the form of small yellow dots or in the gaps (depressions and pores on the tonsils) in the form of yellow elongated bands. No matter where the pus is located, the symptoms of the disease do not change: sore throat, high body temperature, lack of appetite, body aches and weakness, headache and difficulty in speaking.
Causes and symptoms of purulent tonsillitis
Before treating purulent tonsillitis in children, the doctor needs to find out the causes of the disease. Most often, the disease is caused by staphylococci and streptococci, however, their presence on the oral mucosa and on the surface of the tonsils does not always provoke the occurrence of angina.
The disease usually develops with a decrease in immunity, after severe hypothermia, or against the background of ARVI.
Angina is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Body temperature is above 39 degrees, which is usually accompanied by severe chills.
- Very bad sore throat, worse when swallowing.
- Redness and swelling of the posterior pharyngeal wall, palatine tonsils and uvula.
- Enlarged and painful submandibular lymph nodes.
- Purulent on the tonsils.
- Intoxication of the body, weakness, malaise, refusal to eat.
Symptoms of purulent tonsillitis in different children depend on the individual characteristics of the organism. There are cases when this disease goes away without fever and intoxication.
When the first symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor who will tell you how to treat purulent tonsillitis in children. If the disease is properly and promptly treated, then it can pass within one week.
Some consider purulent tonsillitis a simple disease, but in the absence of proper treatment, complications such as rheumatism, peritonsillar abscess, and glomerulonephritis may appear. Therefore, do not hesitate, immediately take the necessary measures.
How to treat purulent tonsillitis in children
To combat purulent tonsillitis in children requires comprehensive treatment. The primary measures include bed rest, in which there are no physical activity. It is also important to drink plenty of water – warm tea, fruit drinks, juices, milk, chicken broth. This is simply necessary to avoid dehydration caused by high temperature and reduce toxicity.
Treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children includes several different medications. Since the causative agent is a bacterium, an antibiotic is prescribed (even for infants). The doctor prescribes the following drugs:
- Macrolides (Sumamed, Clarithromycin, etc.)
- Penicillin (Ampicillin, Amoxiclav, Augmentin)
- Cephalosporins (Cefotiam, Cefalexin, etc.).
Babies who are not yet able to swallow tablets are given medication in the form of a suspension, syrup or drops.
To reduce the temperature used antipyretic drugs based on ibuprofen and paracetamol, for example, Efferalgan. For babies under 3 years old, they produce such medicines in the form of candles and syrups. Mothers usually choose candles, because not all kids want to drink syrup.
In addition, antipyretic drugs and antibiotics, for the treatment of purulent tonsillitis in the complex apply local remedies, such as:
- Throat irrigation sprays – Aqua Maris, Stopangin and others.
- Tablets for sucking with antiseptic – Septolete, Strepsils, Faringosept.
- Rinse with a solution of soda, furatsilina, hydrogen peroxide.
Treatment of purulent tonsillitis in infants under one year of age
The treatment of babies who are not yet one year old is similar to that prescribed for older children. The dose of antibiotic depends on the weight of the baby. To restore the microflora using probiotics, such as Simbiter, Lactobacterin.
Antipyretic agents are recommended to be given at body temperature above 38 degrees. At lower temperatures, these drugs are not worth it. An increase in temperature is a defensive reaction of the body. To a temperature of 38 degrees, he is able to cope with infection, producing special substances. To “bring down” the temperature of infants, use candles and syrups.
Local products such as sprays and rinses are not suitable for babies. Therefore, the throat is smeared with Lugol or Furacilin solutions using gauze wound on a finger.
Folk remedies for purulent tonsillitis
In combination with medicines can be applied folk remedies. Doctors and experienced mothers recommend gargling with herbal decoctions – sage, chamomile, calendula, and hunters.
A good tool to combat the patches of pus is a decoction for ingestion. Preparation: 20 g of linden flowers pour 200 ml of boiling water and infuse for 20 minutes. It is necessary to drink broth on one glass before going to bed.
To prevent the disease, remember about the balanced diet of the child, do physical exercises with him, go for walks regularly, conduct tempering procedures.