Pregnancy and cystitis are often accompanied by each other, so almost half of future mothers know for themselves what this disease means. Pulling and excruciating pain in the lower abdomen, frequent and painful urination, fever and severe indisposition, the appearance of purulent or sukrovichnyh impurities in the urine – all these signs of cystitis make heavier the condition of a pregnant woman. How to treat cystitis during pregnancy, so as not to harm the unborn baby and not contribute to the transition of acute inflammation to the chronic form – this question becomes relevant from the very first day of illness.
The main directions of therapy
It should be said that in the period of childbearing a woman’s immunity is weakened, the hormonal balance is disturbed, which can cause exacerbations of many chronic pathologies. Among them is cystitis, which flows in a chronic form and, by the way, does not prevent a woman from getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy baby in the future. But various adverse factors, such as hypothermia, catarrhal diseases, improper underwear, or insufficient hygienic rules, cause the possibility of exacerbations to increase dramatically. The same negative factors can cause repeated manifestations of acute cystitis during pregnancy.
The most important rule of successful treatment of cystitis during pregnancy – this is an early appeal for medical help. No self-treatment is admissible, following the advice of friends and girlfriends, who were allegedly helped earlier by any medicine. The body of each woman is different, especially in the period of childbearing, therefore, it is also necessary to choose how to treat cystitis during pregnancy, individually, and this should be done only by a doctor.
The main objectives of the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women are as follows:
- impact on the cause of inflammation: infectious microflora in most cases (etiological therapy);
- elimination of negative manifestations of pathology (symptomatic therapy);
- compliance with the rules of nutrition and mode.
Alien microflora, which is the culprit of bacterial inflammation in the bladder, can be eliminated only with the help of antibacterial agents. But in pregnant patients, the choice of such drugs must be approached with extreme caution. Indeed, in addition to allergic reactions, intestinal dysbacteriosis, vaginal imbalance and addiction of microorganisms to the drug substance, antibiotics can adversely affect the formation and development of the fetus. Therefore, tablets for cystitis, traditionally used in the form of therapeutic courses lasting several days (Furadonin, Furagin, penicillin derivatives) should not be used for any period of time from cystitis during pregnancy.
But how in this case to eliminate pathogenic microorganisms, without which it is impossible to cure the disease? Despite the widespread belief that during pregnancy you can do only by herbal medicine, this is not true.
Their predominant use, without effective drugs of antibacterial action, can lead not to recovery, but to chronic inflammation. As a result, a woman who suffers from cystitis for the first time while carrying a child risks her for a long time and persistently to heal.
Therefore, antibiotics are necessary, and the only remedy that has a powerful bactericidal effect of a wide range and recommended at any time of gestation is Monural. Its effectiveness is so high that taking just one dose of 3 grams (in the form of granules or powder mixed with water) completely relieves the patient from the painful symptoms of cystitis. When using Monural, the treatment course is only 1 day, and this minimizes the drug load on the body of the future mother and baby, does not entail the development of side effects, does not affect the dynamics of fetal development.
According to the degree of popularity and demand Monural almost crowded out another antibiotic, Amoxiclav. This tool also has a wide range of effects on the microflora, but requires use for several days. It can be used only in cases where the value of Amoksiklava for the health of a woman exceeds the expected risk for the future baby.
As for the special diet for cystitis during pregnancy, it is to exclude salty, smoked, pickled, fatty, spicy, fried foods that can change the acidity of urine and irritate the bladder. Careful approach to the method of preparation: the best will be boiling, stewing, steaming. The same recommendations are useful for all pregnant women, not only suffering from acute or exacerbation of chronic cystitis.
To increase the amount of urine, its concentration has decreased, and the elimination from the bladder has returned to normal, it is necessary to increase the daily volume of fluid consumed by almost half. It is useful to use juices or compotes of berries that have a diuretic effect (cranberries, lingonberries) and are also suppliers of vitamins. This, by the way, is an important direction of phytotreatment of cystitis. In the syndrome of intoxication and pain of any intensity, a pregnant woman should observe strict bed rest, which will allow the bladder mucosa to recover faster.
The next line of treatment is the reduction of individual pathological symptoms of the pathology. Here, it is already possible to do without medical drugs for cystitis and save the expectant mother from excessive chemical stress. Eliminating pain, reducing the intensity of the inflammatory process, improving the blood supply and trophism of the bladder, sanitizing its cavity, as well as helping the mucous membrane to regenerate faster – all of these are able to perform properly selected herbs and numerous methods of traditional medicine that can be done at home.
How to treat cystitis in pregnant women by folk methods
Each doctor, taking care of the health of the mother and unborn child, will recommend to treat cystitis in pregnancy with the safest, but effective methods. Among the so-called methods of traditional medicine, of course, herbal medicine is in the first place. But it must be borne in mind that many plants that can be used for cystitis in general can not be taken during gestation. For the reason, for example, effects on the tone of the uterus. That is, in fact, herbs, which treat inflammation of the bladder in a pregnant woman, not so much.
Many experts recommend using the following herbal tea:
- lingonberry leaf;
- boron uterus;
- Badana leaves;
- goose cinquefoil.
All the weeds in this collection will not harm either the woman or her unborn child, it can also be used in various patients: men, children, the elderly. The effect of the use of the collection is a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, sanitizing effects on the bladder. In addition, herbs are sources of vitamins, minerals, valuable amino acids.
Preparation of funds from this collection is very simple. You need to take 30-40 grams of the dry mixture, pour 1 liter of water and bring to a boil, but do not boil. Capacity to wrap and slowly cool. It is recommended to drink in the form of heat 100 ml (half a cup) after each urination until the symptoms of cystitis disappear completely. Further, it is recommended to continue treatment with this collection for another 2-3 weeks. It will act as a prophylactic against recurrent inflammation of the bladder.
It is important to take into account that this same collection is also an excellent outdoor remedy. They can flush the genitals after each urination, as well as arrange a sedentary bath. This is especially true when the symptoms of cystitis joins urethritis, inflammation of the urethra, as well as vulvitis or vulvovaginitis. In addition to these herbs that are part of the collection, for external use, chamomile, peppermint, sage, string, calendula are recommended.
From other herbs effective for inflammation of the bladder and shown during pregnancy, it is possible to mention bearberry, meadowsweet, celery seeds, sweet flag, altea, St. John’s wort, and plantain. They are used both separately and in the form of medicinal fees offered in pharmacies.
Many berries and fruits have a diuretic effect, being also sources of vitamins and strengthening the immune system of women. Berries of lingonberry, cranberry, mountain ash, wild rose can be used as fresh or frozen, and cook compotes from them, mixing these components. Cranberry juice, as well as fresh watermelon, which causes a mild diuretic and analgesic effect, are especially popular.
To thermal procedures, which are an important part of traditional medicine, during pregnancy should be treated very carefully. General warming up (in the bath or sauna) in general should be excluded at any time of gestation, as it can cause a miscarriage. The possibility of using local warming up of the bladder area depends on the month of pregnancy, the characteristics of its course and should be recommended only by the attending physician. Without permission, you should not assign yourself a warming.
Folk methods are not able to cure cystitis in a pregnant woman effectively, if they will be used as the only therapeutic direction. The main thing is to eliminate the causes of the inflammatory process, without which the disease will recur again and again. Therefore, the methods of traditional medicine – although it is a necessary, but additional and auxiliary therapeutic direction.