A conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that covers the outside of the eye. Conjunctivitis should be deciphered as “conjunctival inflammation.” The mucous membrane of a person is sufficiently resistant to the action of various infections. The lacrimal fluid has an antibacterial composition, a sufficient amount of immunoglobulin, beta-lysine and lysozyme, which absorb harmful microorganisms and prevent the occurrence of inflammation. The eyelids also protect the eyes – mechanically wash away the tear, reduce the number of bacteria on the surface. But there are cases when such barriers are powerless.
The causative agents of conjunctivitis are bacteria (meningococci, staphylococci, pneumococci and many others), viruses (influenza, herpes, measles), chlamydia. The cause of allergic conjunctivitis is pollen, sharp odors, detergents, dust.
Conjunctivitis occurs in a small child is not at all the same as in adults. In children, sleep is disturbed, appetite worsens, they are capricious, cry, become restless, lethargic.
Signs of conjunctivitis in a young child:
• bonding eyelids in the morning, after waking up;
• education on the eyelids yellow crusts;
• abundant pus and tearing;
• redness and swelling of the conjunctiva.
Infants do not have tears yet, so that any discharge is a reason to suspect conjunctivitis and seek medical help. The sooner you begin to treat conjunctivitis in a young child, the faster the healing process will proceed.
Older children complain about the sensation of a foreign body in the eye, burning, discomfort. In such cases, visual acuity and sharpness may deteriorate significantly, the child may say that he sees “indistinctly, blurry.” In a young child up to the age of seven, conjunctivitis is very acute than in older children and adults. Since children at this age play together and have not yet learned how to follow and follow the rules of personal hygiene, the disease is transmitted with extraordinary ease from one child to another and is distributed in the children’s team at an extraordinary speed.
You should immediately contact an ophthalmologist if you notice the slightest eye inflammation in a small child. Only a qualified specialist can establish the correct diagnosis, prescribe, than treat conjunctivitis in a young child. The cause of redness can be a cilium caught in the eye, and an attack of increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), and inflammation of the deeper eye membranes, which can face partial or complete loss of vision. Do not try to figure it out on your own – only a doctor can do it.
How can conjunctivitis be treated in a small child?
• on the first day of illness, every 2 hours you need to wash your eyes: if there are crusts, then you need to remove them with a cotton swab or a stick dipped in a pharmacy solution of furacilin or chamomile extract. Washing this infusion is also helpful. For flushing each eye, separate tampons should be used to avoid infection;
• On the following days, you can wash your eyes 2-3 times a day;
• Bury disinfectant drops every 2–3 hours. For infants, 10% Albucid solution is used, and for older children – 20%, 0.25% Levomycetin solution, Fucitalmic, Kolbiotsin, Vitabact, Eubital;
• 1% ointment is also effective: erythromycin, Tombrex, tetracycline;
• in the process of treatment, the number of instillation of the peephole decreases to 3-4 times a day;
• rinse and bury both eyes, even if only one is reddened and inflamed. It often happens that with one eye, inflammation quickly passes to the other;
• Do not apply a bandage on the sore eye! It is under the bandage that all conditions are created for the reproduction of harmful microorganisms and the development of complications. In addition, an improperly applied dressing may result in injury to the eye.
• Adenoviral. This is the most common and infectious type. It is characterized by fever, headaches, decreased appetite, red eye, inflammation of the lymph nodes, the appearance of a cold, sore throat. Since the viral lesions sensitivity of the peephole is reduced, then complaints of burning and tearing may not be received. How to treat: drops of Poludan, Interferon, Florenalevoy or Tebrofen ointment.
• Herpetic. Characterized by the appearance around the eyes and on the edges of the eyelids special bubbles, tearing, photophobia. How to treat: antiherpetic drug Acyclovir.
• Staphylococcal and pneumococcal. They are characterized by an acute onset, usually on one eye, then on the second, redness, profuse suppuration.
• Gonococcal. Characteristic for newborns, occurs after 2-3 bottoms after birth. The source of infection are the birth canal of the mother, the items of care, the medical staff. It is characterized by abundant secretion of mucous membranes. If conjunctivitis of this type is not treated, inflammation of the entire eye occurs very quickly.
• Diphtheria. It is characterized by severe swelling of the eyes and films that can not be removed. When they are removed, bleeding begins, a rough scar is formed at this point, which affects the quality of vision. You should wait 7-10 days and the films will go away.
• Allergic. In this type, both eyes immediately inflame, the little child is worried about severe itching. Characteristic seasonal occurrence of conjunctivitis of this type: the end of winter – the beginning of spring, depending on allergens that cause inflammation. How to treat: immunosuppressants – Dexamethasone, Hydrocortisone, antiallergic drops – Allergoftal, Allergodil, Spersallerg. Wearing sunglasses is recommended.
Only the doctor determines the type of conjunctivitis and prescribes how to treat it. Improper self-prescribed treatment can lead to complications and visual impairment, and sometimes to its complete loss. You should not risk the health of a small child; you should definitely show it to your doctor, make appointments and carry out treatment in a timely manner. Only then the success of treatment and the absence of complications are guaranteed.