One of the most common diseases that children suffer in the cooler seasons is sore throat. Many parents do not understand that you can not delay the treatment of angina or self-medicate by rinsing folk remedies. Improper treatment of angina leads to chronic tonsillitis, which causes the development of such dangerous diseases as rheumatism, inflammation of the kidneys, impaired activity of the cardiovascular and immune systems.
Angina or tonsillitis is an infectious disease in which the lymphoid tissue of the pharyngeal tonsils is affected. In case of sore throat, the child has palatine tonsils – lymph nodes located in the throat, which increase in size. The child appears weak, sore throat and in the head, he can not swallow and cough. After some time, redness, pustules and redness appear on the tonsils.
In most cases, angina is caused by streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, and adenoviruses. These bacteria and viruses, the child can become infected by airborne droplets from the patient, and the disease can develop as a result of the active reproduction of microbes living in the oral cavity. Adenoids, dental caries and sinusitis can trigger the onset of angina. The main reason for the frequent illness of a child with angina is a decrease in his immunity, against the background of which infection develops.
The claims of many parents that the child’s legs are cold and therefore the throat is ill is true only in the sense that when the child is overcooling, the child’s immunity decreases and the body cannot fight the microorganisms that cause sore throat. And in itself, hypothermia does not cause a sore throat. Parents should know that angina is mainly preceded by an inflammatory process in the nasopharynx. In order for a child not to have a sore throat, it is necessary to promptly and correctly treat a runny nose, cough and sore throat in a child.
Before starting to treat a sore throat, parents should determine what form the child has the disease. The mildest form of angina is called catarrhal. Catarrhal sore throat is very similar to the common cold, the child’s throat is not very sore, but he feels nauseous and weak. With proper treatment, this form of sore throat disappears within a week. Heavier flow of follicular and lacunar tonsillitis, which are accompanied by intoxication of the body and the temperature rises to 41 C. When the follicular tonsillitis of the tonsils in a child are covered with yellowish purulent bubbles, similar to grains of rice, and when lacunar – purulent bloom whitish-yellow.
In severe cases of tonsillitis, the child urgently needs qualified medical help and treatment with antibiotics. If the child is not yet three years old, then it is better to treat him in the hospital under the supervision of a pediatrician. Children who have been prescribed antibiotic treatment at home should have strict bed rest. You can not smear the child’s throat with Lugol’s solution, iodine or kerosene, as our grandmothers used to treat us in childhood. When treating tonsillitis with these agents, microbes penetrate deeper into the tonsils, as they remove the protective layer of the mucous membrane. To properly treat a sore throat, it is necessary to treat the child’s throat with sprays and aerosols.
For example, by Ingalipt, Hexoral, Tantum Verde, or simply sprinkle Miramistin, since the second and third drugs are at least advertised, but that Hexoral, that Tantum Verde is of little effectiveness, is very expensive. In addition, treatment of the throat with aerosols, antibiotics and antipyretic pills should be taken. The minimum period of taking antibiotics for severe forms of angina from five to seven days. It is impossible to stop giving antibiotics in three days, if even the state of health of the child during this time improves.
The mistake of many parents in treating sore throats in children also lies in the fact that they, for the treatment of sore throat, begin to actively warm their throats, inhale and put compresses. All these procedures lead to an increase in blood flow to the inflamed tonsils, resulting in a sharp increase in the spread of infection throughout the body. The spread of infection in sore throat prevents the constant rinsing of the throat of the child. In the first days it is necessary to gargle every half hour with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, furatsilina or soda. Effective rinsing infusions of medicinal herbs, such as sage, pharmacy chamomile, eucalyptus and calendula. Propolis solution and ginger tea will be suitable for the child from folk rinsing.
During the illness, the child should be given more warm tea with honey, black currant juice, cranberries and viburnum. It is difficult to swallow the baby during the illness, therefore it should be fed with dietary food: mashed potatoes, natural juices, mashed soups and steam cutlets. Be sure to take vitamin complexes to strengthen the immune system of the child.
To avoid frequent recurrence of angina and its transition to chronic forms, strengthen the child’s defenses. Teach your child gradually to cold food, arrange him a contrast shower every day, alternating warm and cool water. To exclude the transition of angina to chronic forms, you can only hardening the child’s body, after which the vessels become accustomed to a sharp change in temperature.
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