Disgraphy (handwriting disorder) is a common problem in both adults and children. But if an adult can consciously control the tidiness of his own handwriting and learned to disassemble written by other people, then the children do not possess this ability. It is important even in early childhood to inculcate to the child a hunt for a beautiful letter: it is useful for him as well, since he will be able to make out what has been written by himself, and for those around him — the same teachers — who are to read sheets written in children’s hands.
Beautiful and legible handwriting is a big plus on all sides. You understand what you write, the people around you also understand, and from an aesthetic point of view it is nice to see carefully drawn letters, and not scribbles, which even the author is unable to make out.
Rate the importance of the problem
Without the realization that dysgraphia is a question that should be seriously thought of, nothing will come of it from the start. If you notice that your child is writing extremely unintelligible, and dismissed it, justifying himself with what he learns at school – you are fundamentally wrong! It will not learn, because handwriting is a matter of habit. And the older a person is, the harder it is to fix this habit.
To make sure that the child needs to teach the beautiful spelling, read the following:
- Primary school grades are most often put up for calligraphy. A reduced assessment with a correctly performed task raises a legitimate question, to which the teacher will answer that the child has written illegible / carelessly / made too many blots. The teacher in this case is right: after all, it is in his interest that his students write legibly. If you do not want to see a child saddened by an understated assessment, teach him to write beautifully and carefully!
- In our age of computer technology, many people, relying on the artificial intelligence of machines that automatically correct errors and place commas, do not develop writing skills as such. In the future, this turns into incidents with documents that need to be filled out by hand: blots, “dancing” letters and the handwriting of “chicken paw”. To avoid this, it is necessary to inculcate in the child the habit of writing, and not typing. It is easy to learn to type, because calligraphy is not important here, but learning to write is difficult, but this skill is needed in life.
- No matter how much the teachers want every child to write carefully and legibly, in modern schools the basics of calligraphy are given too few hours for which it is absolutely impossible to learn how to write letters correctly. Work with your child at home by yourself. Believe me, he will thank you for it.
Causes of bad handwriting
Wrong posture – the most common cause of curved handwriting, in our opinion. With the wrong sitting position, the hands, as a rule, are in a very uncomfortable position, therefore, instead of beautiful letters on a piece of paper, various kinds of scribbles appear:
- The child writes the letters “n”, “k”, “i”, “n” in such a way that it is impossible to distinguish them from each other;
- The letters, contrary to the line, “fall” under the line or “fly up” above it;
- In the letters “sh” and “m” the child draws the extra curls.
Rules for proper fit:
- the child is seated with an even back; the shoulders and neck are relaxed, but not crooked;
- hands lie on the table, but elbows do not touch its surface;
- between the table top and chest distance is equal to the palm, set parallel to the table surface;
- legs are exactly on the floor or on a special stand (you can’t cross them or throw them one on top of another – this bends the spine).
Having taught the child to the correct position of “sitting”, you will initially contribute to his beautiful handwriting: the child will not be clamped in an uncomfortable position, and the hand will quietly slide over the paper, displaying neat letters.
Another reason – undeveloped motor skills (especially fine). Here we are talking about somewhat inhibited movements of the fingers and hands, which is why the joints do not work in full force, and the child does not have enough flexibility to write neat letters.
- The child incorrectly displays the rounded elements of the letters;
- The letters of the student are not just ugly, but incorrectly written;
- All letters are of different sizes, and there are a lot of blots on the sheet.
In this case, it is worth thinking about carrying out gymnastics for the wrists and fingers with the child: usually in elementary school, the teachers spend it before the start of classes.
Try to give the child small items in his hands, collect mosaics of small details with him – all this develops fine motor skills and improves handwriting.
The following factors indicate a poor spatial perception (non-orientation in space):
- Different spacing between letters in one word;
- Different spacing between words in one line;
- A child confuses letters in a word, rearranging them in places, or writes them in a mirror image;
- When writing words the child goes beyond the field of the notebook.
In this situation will help again the game. Ask him to repeat the movement in the air with his left hand with his right hand (for example, you can write out the same letters) or play with the child in Find the Prize, where he should follow your instructions to find a small gift.
How to solve the problem of ugly handwriting
Having dealt with the causes of ugly handwriting, you should proceed to their solution.
- As already mentioned, it is necessary to teach to sit properly and evenly.
- Actively develop fine motor skills: collect mosaics, cut, make appliques, collect origami, draw, hatch, weave bracelets from threads and
- Stroke the contours. In special records there are not only letters, but also various shapes, patterns and
Never customize your child: the time during which he learns a beautiful letter is individual. Be patient, follow the read tips and then at school your children will not have problems with calligraphy!