Pediatricians have been observed that in our time, every second child is sick with dysbacteriosis. Infants, premature babies or infants with weak immune systems are particularly affected. Mothers wonder why newborns suffer from this disease and what treatment is not only effective, but also sparing for the baby?
Brief description of the disease
In the human body there are systems that are sterile, for example, the circulatory system, and less sterile areas in which large quantities of various bacteria (nose, mouth and intestines) are found.
Good bacteria create microflora, which is responsible for the efficiency of the digestive system, fights against harmful microorganisms, actively participates in the work of metabolism and in the synthesis of vitamins. In a healthy children’s body contains up to 350 species of beneficial bacteria. If a failure occurs, the microflora in the intestine worsens and dysbacteriosis develops.
Dysbacteriosis is a disorder in the body that develops when changing water, diet, climate, biorhythm, after introducing new foods into the familiar diet of children. Most often, with the elimination of the underlying cause, the microflora normalizes on its own, but if this does not occur, proper treatment is prescribed by a doctor.
Microflora in infants – how is the formation?
In the womb, the baby is under constant protection; there are no microorganisms in its digestive system. At birth, passing through the birth canal of the mother, the baby first encounters the mother’s microflora, and bacteria are colonized in its intestines.
Bacteria multiply faster after the first breastfeeding and contact with surrounding objects. Colostrum has a lot of nutrients, so the baby’s intestinal microflora is normal, for this reason, infants suffer less dysbacteriosis and grow faster.
After five days, the baby begins to adapt, and his body adapts to microorganisms. Often, this process is asymptomatic, beneficial bacteria displace pathogenic microbes and bacteria by their number, finally stabilizing the work of microflora. Sometimes, with a weak immunity, transit dysbacteriosis develops, it is characterized by such symptoms: regurgitation, colic, loose stools with green mucus. By the end of the first month this ailment should stop.
Causes of dysbiosis in an infant
Unhealthy microflora in the newborn can create a shortage of good bacteria in the digestive tract. This may occur due to a number of reasons:
- The peculiarity of the child’s body. Infants are subject to dysbiosis due to the fact that they are physiologically immature. The motor system of the stomach and intestines is poorly functioning, mucous function has not yet had time to form.
- Improper nutrition. Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition of a nursing mother, the transition to artificial nutrition, individual lactose intolerance, late breastfeeding, improper attachment to the breast weakens the child’s immunity and exposes him to various stresses and diseases.