Stool is an important indicator of the normal functioning of the intestines. It is not surprising that parents care about how many times a day a newborn should crap. What is considered the norm, and in what cases it is necessary to consult a doctor?
What frequency is considered normal?
The first thing to remember is the concept of the norm, when it comes to infants, very conditionally. If the baby is breastfed, then it can empty the intestines once a day, and 10, and even every few days. The main indicator is the well-being of the newborn. If he is in a good mood, his stomach doesn’t hurt, his stool goes off easily, then there is hardly anything to worry about.
Most of the children during the first month of life often cocoa. This usually happens before or immediately after feeding. Since the crumb is regularly applied to the chest, then he has a chair 7-8 times a day. As it grows, the frequency of bowel movements decreases. A two-month baby already does this 3-6 times. By the end of the second month, the work of the digestive system is normalized. Often parents say that by this age are colic. The intestinal function is getting better. The baby now poops 1-2 times a day.
Green and frothy stools can be a signal that a baby does not get enough calorie so-called back milk. In this case, do not rush to change the breast when feeding.
This happens in many children, but not all. How many times a bowel movement occurs depends on personal characteristics. It happens that in 3-4 months a baby poops often, up to 10 times a day. You can consult a pediatrician. But if a child is gaining weight well, then, most likely, this is an individual feature. Other babies are capable not to crap for several days, even a week. If there are no signs that the baby is worried about the tummy, then you should not hurry to learn an enema or a candle.
For formula-fed babies, the norms differ. Cocoa they are less. In the neonatal period, that is, in the first 4 weeks of life, they do it 3-5 times. Already in two months, they usually defecate 1-2 times a day.
What does a healthy baby feces look like?
If a crumb crumbles regularly and the frequency of bowel movements corresponds to average statistical indicators, this is good. But parents continue to worry and carefully examine the consistency of feces. Again, we must remember the principle of “the child owes nothing to anyone.” And the contents of the diapers may vary in different babies, while remaining within the normal range.
It is believed that everything is in order, if there are the following signs.
- Cal has a yellowish color. Hue can be both light and dark. Brown is allowed, sometimes green. In bottle-fed babies, it may be darker.
- Consistency – gruel, thin or thick.
- A chair ideally without any impurities. But because of the immaturity of the digestive system, lumps of undigested milk are possible. A small amount of mucus without any other signs of pathology is not a reason to sound the alarm.
- The smell should not be sharp and unpleasant, if the baby is breastfed. When fed with mixtures, it is stronger and more putrid.
How does nutrition affect?
Cal baby depends on its nutrition. If he is exclusively breastfed, then it matters what and how much mom eats. When eating fatty foods, sweets, some vegetables, bloating in a child is possible, increased gas formation, constipation and, conversely, frequent stools. Sometimes there is an allergy, one of the symptoms – mucus in the feces. Therefore, when problems begin with the tummy, mom should definitely review its menu.
You do not have to rush to transfer the crumb to the mixture. Often, it is also not suitable and causes unpleasant manifestations. Then you have to pick another.
The chair will change after the introduction of complementary foods. This should not be surprising, because the digestive system begins to work more actively. Probably, undigested lumps and even a little mucus will appear first in the feces. New products are still difficult to learn, so you need to pay attention to the behavior of the child. If there is no vomiting, diarrhea, allergies, then you need to continue feeding. Feces will gradually change texture and smell.
What if the child has constipation?
Because of the immaturity of the digestive tract, parents often experience impaired stool frequency. One of the most common problems in infants is constipation. It occurs due to lack of milk, mom’s poor diet or inappropriate mixture, some diseases. Manifested as:
- the stool is delayed for a day and longer, before that it was regular;
- the child is anxious and cries, unsuccessfully tsuzhitsya, at the time of bowel movements crying;
- feces have a dense texture.
If the baby cannot poke and the stomach hurts, then he needs help. First of all, you should try to bend his legs and press him to the stomach, gently pressing. You can also gently reduce the elbow of the left hand and the knee of the right leg, then vice versa. After this, it is necessary to massage the abdomen with circular movements.
It happens that a large accumulation of gases prevents intestinal emptying. At the same time, the stomach is swollen, a rumble is heard, the child is anxious and cries. In such cases, also need to try to bring the legs. Sometimes it helps if you just hold the baby on your arm with your belly down and thus vilify it as much as it will. You can also attach a heated diaper.
If you still can not cope with the problem, you should use glycerin candles for children, venting tube or microclysm. It is impossible to use a pipette for the removal of gases: it can fall apart and injure the crumbs. Abuse of such means is not recommended, so as not to cause addiction. If constipation often recurs, it is important to find and eliminate the cause that causes them. This is especially true for children older than three months: the digestive system matures by this age.
Diarrhea and other problems
Often there is the opposite problem – diarrhea in infants. The difficulty is that it is not always easy to distinguish digestive disorders from individual characteristics, because a newborn can crap up to 10 times a day. It is necessary to guard, if the crumb defecates several times more than usual, and the stool is watery and has an unpleasant smell.
The reasons may be different:
- intestinal infection;
- lactose deficiency;
- maternal nursing during breastfeeding or unsuitable food for the child himself;
- drug reaction;
When there are other symptoms (vomiting, lethargy, fever), you should definitely consult a doctor. In their absence, you should watch the baby, if diarrhea does not pass, then you should also see a specialist. It is important to give the baby to drink frequently, even to force as needed. Dehydration in young children comes quickly, and the consequences can be catastrophic.
Despite the fact that there is no absolute norm for frequency, color and consistency, there are some warning signs. If they have been noticed, it is necessary to consult with the pediatrician.
- The chair is black. This is a symptom of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. But it is not necessary to be frightened in advance: perhaps the whole thing is in taking iron supplements. Or the child swallowed some blood from the crack on the mother’s nipple.
- Colorless feces, especially in combination with yellowish coloring of the skin and sclera: this happens if there are obstacles to the outflow of bile.
- Blood streaks in feces.
- Pink mucus is a symptom of intestinal invagination.
In order not to miss the health problems of the infant, one has to pay attention to his chair. The main thing is to remember that frequency is an individual concept. Therefore, there is no unequivocal answer to the question of how many times a child should crap.