Selecting oviparous chickens for home breeding is not an easy task. However, having certain knowledge in this direction, it is quite possible to cope with it. That is why we bring to your attention the best breeds of laying hens. Their description and characteristics will help to choose worthy candidates for content at home.
Chicken eggs: what are they?
Distinctive features of layers
Top breeds rating
Video “White Leggorn on the Walk”
Chicken eggs: what are they?
There are different breeds of chicken hens, which are distinguished by their ability to carry high-quality and large eggs. But they all have a number of common characteristics. First of all, it is worth noting their insignificant body weight. Their weight rarely exceeds 2.5 kg. In this regard, their backbone is also quite light.
It should be noted that the egg breeds of chickens were bred specifically in order to get high-quality eggs. Therefore, breeders paid special attention to this particular moment, while the meat quality of birds is ignored.
Separate attention is deserved by the fact that egg-laying chickens develop very quickly. Already by the 140th day after birth, they are completely physically developed. At the same time, the ability to carry eggs is noted after 125 days.
In addition, egg breeds of chickens have an external similarity. They have a well-developed plumage. The tail and wings are impressive in size. On the head is a stable straight comb with seven teeth. What are the most egg breeds, we suggest you find out right now.
Distinctive features of layers
If the plans include breeding birds, you need to figure out which hens are suitable for this. The best option is chicken eggs, acquired in the area where breeding will occur. Of course, this plays an important role only if there is no desire to breed pedigreed animals.
All hens from each other will differ only in weight. Comparing with meat species of birds, they are light and mobile. Possess dense plumage and well-developed earrings. The comb has a leafy shape. You should pay special attention to it, as it can tell a lot about the bird.
If three-month-old laying hens possess a developed comb of bright color, then egg-laying will be active. When the comb takes a pinkish tint, you can think about the presence of disease or poor maintenance at home. For this reason, if chicken is needed, pay attention to the scallops.
Description of eggs and body weight
Laying hens often carry large eggs. At the same time, their shell is distinguished by its white color. In connection with the decrease in the weight of the bird, the cost of the eggs it brings decreases. Standard weight should not exceed 1.9 kg. If you purchased a mini chicken, the weight level drops to 1.4 kg.
It is required to emphasize that the small weight that the hens possess is not capable of affecting productivity. For this reason, the benefit can be obtained in the case, if you buy an individual with a small weight index. Such a chicken will require less feed, which will lead to saving its maintenance at home.
Egg breeds are usually called early ripening. This is due to the fact that the egg production time starts from four months of age. Weight indicators at such moments is only 75% of the average weight of an adult bird. It is necessary to understand that representatives of the breed rarely incubate eggs. If you plan to breed birds at home, you will need to purchase an incubator.
Top breeds rating
In order to choose a decent version of chickens, one should pay attention not only to the external features of the bird, but also to the indicators of egg production. Unless, of course, this goal is pursued. One of the most popular breeds can be called Leggorn with complete confidence. It contains all the best qualities possessed by the world famous breeds of laying hens.
Another species requiring special attention is Isa Brown. The hens raised by French breeders do not give white, but brown eggs. Moreover, their number for the year is within 320 pieces.
The following types of chickens can compete with the listed breeds:
These chickens have excellent egg production. Their eggs have a dense shell, they are rather large and have a brown color. The active laying period can last 80 weeks. Each year, one laying hen is able to produce about 320 eggs.
The name of these chickens already defines the description of these birds. Feathers of representatives of this genus are white; the body of chickens after birth is covered with yellow down. Head average in size, beak yellow. As with all layers, the body is long and wide. The wings are dense and well developed. Russian white derived from the strong cold weather and has resistance to some diseases.
The breed is characterized by increased egg production. In the first year, the hen is able to carry about 200 eggs. The weight of one product unit is within 55 grams. The color of the egg shell is white.
If you still have not determined which breed to choose, then you should give preference to representatives of this species. Their egg production is about 300 eggs per year. In order to get about 10 pieces, you need 1.20 kg of feed. The weight of one egg at the same time reaches 60 grams. In addition to the fact that the hens of the Heisek breed are famous for their decent productivity, they endure various infectious, fungal and helminthic diseases. At the same time for them is not required to create special conditions of detention.
Bred breed in 1970. It happened on the territory of Holland. Given the parameters of selection, Haysek is considered a hybrid of Leggorn. Breeders managed to create several species of breed – Haysek Bely and Hisex Brown. The first have a light color, the second – brown. Higher productivity is typical for the Browns.
The hybrid of breed of Haysek of white color differs in the small sizes and easy skeleton. In their appearance, they resemble Leggorn. A special feature of birds is the chic comb, which, due to its size, is not able to be in an upright position, hanging down to one side.
The characteristic features include plumage. It is silky and quite pleasant to the touch. Regardless of the active lifestyle, chickens have a balanced temperament.
Hisek White has the following main characteristics:
- egg production per year may be about 280 eggs, 65 grams each;
- hatchability of juveniles reaches 95%;
- eggs are white;
- Home-bred birds are resistant to infectious diseases;
- the weight of the female does not usually exceed 1.8 kg;
- the instinct of incubation is extremely poorly developed;
- have a calm character.
Chicken of this breed needs a good content. In the diet should be added mineral dressing. Any violation of the norm of maintenance will adversely affect productivity. Especially if you do not follow the recommendations regarding feeding.
Breeding work began in 1968. Two years later, the birds began to sell around the world. At the present stage, there is no other breed among domestic birds that would have such high productivity. For 80 weeks of life at home, the chicken is able to carry about 363 eggs.
In order to get 10 eggs, the bird must be given only 1.28 kilograms of feed. The mass of eggs reaches 70 grams. The average mass of the bird itself reaches one and a half kilograms.
The hens of the High Line breed have a calm temperament. However, they perfectly adapt to any conditions of detention. It should be noted that their productivity does not depend on the conditions where they live. The eggs of these chickens are distinguished by their impressive size and durable shells. Having reached 80 weeks of age, a hen can produce about 350 eggs annually.
Besides the fact that this breed is egg-bearing, it is also an excellent source of meat. Chickens are 2-3 kg. Their meat has excellent taste and even surpasses broiler meat in the amount of protein. The hens begin to perform their functions after reaching 6 months of age. For the year they are able to give 220 eggs. The weight of one product unit is 60 gr.
We present to your attention the description of Isa Brown chickens. These chickens are well acclimatized and able to adapt to different conditions of detention. This type is bred by French breeders.
In a year, Iza Brown’s chickens are able to lay up to 320 eggs. Their shell is colored brown. On average, an egg weighs 63 grams. Chickens begin to sweep 135 days after birth. In the cellular conditions of the day the birds need 110-114 grams. compound feed.
Leghorn are small but very productive birds. If you look closely at these layers, you can see how beautifully they are folded and what ideal shape they have. Their head is slightly shifted to the stern, the chest bulged out. When moving, these white chickens look very impressive.
The description of the representatives of the Leghorn genus is as follows: their head is of medium size, the comb is leaf-shaped, the earlobes are usually white, the body is light, the chest is wide, the paws are of medium length. The weight of chickens varies in the range of 1-2 kg, males – 2-2.6 kg. As for the ability to carry eggs, for a year they can produce about 300 pieces. Leggorny without problems acclimatized. In addition, they are quite hardy and quick.
Already at the age of five months, Leggorn begins to lay his first eggs. In the first year of life they have the highest productivity. The eggs of the leggorn are large enough and have a high fertility rate.
If you want to choose a really decent breed of chickens, then you should definitely consider these birds.
If we talk about the general description of the birds of this breed, they differ in average size. They have a leaf-shaped scallop, strong beak, small tail, short white or light yellow legs. In the first year, the hen can lay about 250 eggs. Such indicators of egg production are very much appreciated by farmers. Special attention is given to the fact that representatives of the Tetra clan begin to give eggs as early as 21 weeks of their life.
The name of this bird comes from the place where this breed was obtained. Brought her Spanish breeders on the island of Minorca. A little later, she fell into the hands of the British, where there was an improvement in her qualities. Intense egg-laying in Minorca chickens begins at the age of 5 months. For the first year, they are able to carry over 160 eggs. They are white and weigh about 55 grams.
Breed Rhode Island has a number of features that do not confuse them with other breeds of chickens. The birds have a head of medium size with a pinkish straight ridge, a very well developed body, and a broad chest. Since these are layers, their backs are long and wide. Paws yellow.
Also one of the main distinguishing features of Rhode Island is their color. At the base of the pen they usually have a red color, in the middle part brown-red, and at the end it is already a dark color. By the way, if the edge of the pen is dark, then you have a full-blooded Rhode Island.
This breed is also a carrier of the golden gene, which allows farmers, when breeding poultry, to determine the sex of chicks already at one day of age and make selection. In chickens, on the back of the head there is a spot on which the selection is made. This breed is not for nothing called the egg.
In the first year of life, they give about 200 eggs. They are brown in color, and weigh an average of 58 g. In addition to high egg production, this breed is distinguished by the instinct of hatching eggs.
New Hampshire was bred on the basis of the Rhode Island breed. The main difference is the color of chickens and their physiological features. The main task of breeding this breed was to increase the volume of egg production, as well as the level of breeding offspring. And breeders succeeded. The hen begins to rush from the age of three months, the weight of eggs is about 65 g on average, and the eggs themselves are brownish in color.
In addition to high egg production, chickens are resistant to climatic changes. Also their fertility is about 80%. This is a very good indicator. It will not be difficult to keep this breed because the chickens are very calm and can be caged. They are quite large. Females on average reach 3 kg, and males 4 kg.
To select the appropriate breed of chickens, you must first examine the description of the specimens that you liked. However, conclusions regarding the appropriate option can be made, guided by the photographs presented in our material. More detailed description of each breed is available on our website.
Video “White Leggorn on the Walk”
We invite you to watch the video, which adorn the white Leghorn chickens. They walk, tweak the grass and simply amaze with their snow-white color.