Every new tooth in a baby is a real joy for his parents. And how much torment they deliver to the child himself! Many moms and dads complain of sleepless nights. These days, the newborn becomes excessively naughty and refuses to eat, it may have a fever and even a rash. Especially difficult to survive the eruption of canines in children. Why is this process so painful? How to help a child cope with it? Answers to these questions can be found in the article.
Baby teeth: before and after birth
The formation of the human dental system begins in the prenatal period. In the second trimester of pregnancy is the laying of future jaws. At this time, a great responsibility falls on the shoulders of the mother. The more attentively she approaches her lifestyle, the less dental problems her child will face.
Calcium is required for the full formation of bones and teeth. In the female body is enough of this substance, provided that it is well nourished. Sometimes the gynecologist additionally prescribes special preparations with a high content of calcium, which are designed specifically for prenatal development of the fetus. When the child inside the womb experiences a shortage of it, he begins to replenish reserves of the bones and teeth of his mother. If the female body is depleted, lack of calcium can adversely affect the health of the baby.
All children are born without teeth. Already in six months, the central incisors appear, and the extreme ones follow them. Next – the molars. Teething eruption in children is usually observed after 16 months. First the upper ones climb, and later the lower ones join them.
The formation of permanent teeth begins in the first months of a child’s life. They will appear no earlier than 6 years. However, it is necessary to take care of them from the very first days. To do this, the mother should think about good nutrition crumbs. Pediatricians recommend giving preference for breastfeeding. At the same time, a woman herself should enrich her diet with a high calcium content. If breastfeeding is not possible, it is important to choose high-quality artificial mixtures.
At what age do fangs appear?
Although fangs appear only at 16 months, they begin to disturb the baby long before that age. Swelling of the gums usually signals an early joy. Eruption of canines in children always begins after the incisors.
This is a rather complicated process due to certain anatomical features. The canines have long roots that go deep into the gums. On the other hand, the facial nerves are very close to them. Approximately 22 months each child boasts upper and lower canines. However, the listed time frames are conditional.
The duration of the eruption process is also individual. In some cases, it takes 2-3 months for the fangs to become a real decoration for the child’s mouth. Sometimes it is enough for several days. Parents do not need to panic ahead of time, if the teeth do not grow as fast as you would like.
The first signs of teething in children
Determine the imminent emergence of new teeth in the child’s mouth can almost every mother without much difficulty. First, the baby becomes restless and begins to act up on any occasion. Then there is increased salivation. To eliminate the discomfort on its own, the crumb can pull toys into its mouth.
In the process of teething, saliva enzymes act on the gum mucosa. The child is constantly trying to scratch them, so it hurts the soft tissue. The appearance of a small amount of bleeding is accompanied by a characteristic metallic smell. You should not be afraid of him, because after a while he will disappear. Components of saliva have antibacterial action. They “wash” the existing wounds and promote their rapid healing.
The eruption of fangs in children is often accompanied by a rash on the face. Small pimples can occur either due to abundant salivation, or due to frequent wiping of the face with coarse napkins. Other symptoms include:
- poor sleep;
- lack of appetite;
- swelling of the gums;
- redness of the throat.
The appearance of new teeth is sometimes accompanied by a strong cold. It occurs on the background of reduced immunity. As a result, the body’s defenses can not cope with viral infections that are trying to attack a child everywhere.
If the temperature rose …
It is not necessary to perceive the eruption of fangs in children as a disease or a serious deviation. Photos of babies prove that this is a completely natural function of the body. In this state, an increase in temperature is observed extremely rarely, but it is possible. If the fever worries for several days and causes discomfort, you need to call the district pediatrician.
An experienced doctor only by visual signs will be able to distinguish a cold from the process of teething. Usually, doctors recommend to beat the temperature only if its performance exceeds 38 degrees. Far from all medicines are suitable for this, so self-medication is unacceptable. From allowed it is recommended to choose those drugs whose action has already been tested on the body of the baby. Special attention deserve:
The temperature when teething teething in children can persist for several days. If the fever does not pass more than three days after the start of treatment, you need to call the doctor again.
How are the eye teeth and fangs related?
Many parents have heard that the first tooth is complete nonsense. As soon as the eyes come up, then you have to suffer. What are the teeth so called?
The canines on the upper gum are otherwise referred to as ophthalmic. Why? This name they owe their location – near the eye nerves. Multiple branches connect the upper part of the face and the central nervous system. If these nerves are very close to the gums, the eruption of the upper canines in a child is accompanied not only by capriciousness and refusal to eat, but also by tearing. In some babies, doctors diagnose conjunctivitis.
How to alleviate the condition of the child?
Pediatricians recommend that parents stock up on special teethers in advance. They are sold in children’s stores and pharmacies. The instinct makes the baby try everything with his teeth, so he will like this toy. Plastic or rubber “healers” are filled with gel. Its cooling effect helps relieve itching and swelling. After all, these signs usually accompany the eruption of canines in children.
Symptoms of the emergence of new teeth will also help to remove a special massage. To do this, the finger must be wrapped with gauze dipped in water at room temperature. After that you can proceed to light massage movements in the inflamed places.
Pharmacological companies offer a wide range of drugs to relieve severe itching and pain during teething. Pediatricians most often prescribe “Dentinox”, which includes chamomile. This tool should be used three times a day, but first it is recommended to test for an allergic reaction. Another effective drug is Baby Doctor, which is suitable even for babies. A drop of “Dantinorm” not only relieves pain, but also helps to eliminate problems with digestion. They have a cumulative effect.
Before giving any medicine to a baby, it is important to consult a pediatrician. Otherwise, you can only harm the still fragile body.
Proper oral hygiene
It does not matter how many teeth have already got out of the child. Care for them is necessary from the first days.
If the baby is still very small, oral hygiene should be carried out using a special fingertip. It is a small silicone brush that fits like a thimble. You can also use a regular gauze pad. When the child is a little older, he should buy a separate brush.
Kids are recommended to use only baby paste. It contains the necessary components for milk teeth, and fluorine is absent. In addition, the abrasiveness is markedly reduced. Therefore, the hygiene product does not scratch the tooth enamel. When teething erupts, such cleaning will contribute to an additional massage of the inflamed gums.