If, after another blood test, it turned out that the child has something wrong with the hemoglobin level, then you should not immediately get upset and sound the alarm. The reasons can be very diverse, up to the most banal.
In order not to panic, for a start it is necessary to find out what hemoglobin is, why its level in the blood is an important factor, and what may be indicated by a low and elevated hemoglobin content.
So, everything is in order.
What is hemoglobin
Hemoglobin is one of the complex iron-containing proteins that can reversibly bind with oxygen, thereby ensuring its transfer to every cell in the body. It is located in red blood cells and, due to this, gives them a red color.
The main function of hemoglobin is the transfer of vital oxygen to all living cells of the body.
The whole process is as follows: hemoglobin takes oxygen from the alveoli of the lungs and carries it with blood throughout the body. In those cells where oxygen is needed, hemoglobin adds it, and in those where there is an excess of carbon dioxide, it takes the excess and removes it from the body. That is why hemoglobin is considered one of the most important indicators characterizing the state not only of the blood, but also of the organism as a whole.
The main indicator of hemoglobin is its level in human blood. In children, the level of hemoglobin is directly dependent on age and can vary significantly, deviating from the norm. But with the normal development of the child, by the age of 18 hemoglobin levels normalize.
The rate of hemoglobin in the blood of a child depending on age
If hemoglobin in a child significantly deviates in one direction or another from the norm indicated in the table – we are already talking about its reduced or elevated level.
Reduced blood hemoglobin in a child
Reduced hemoglobin levels, and in other words, anemia, entails many subsequent symptoms: frequent dyspnea, loss of appetite, weakness of muscles throughout the body, irritability, reduced immunity due to the general weakening of the body.
All of the above is a consequence, but reasons, which may indicate a reduced level of hemoglobin in children, there are:
- lack of iron in the blood (the main reason);
- Malnutrition, which lacks either vitamin B12 or folic acid, copper;
- too active growth of the child.
In most cases, the cause of a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood is precisely the lack of iron in the child’s body. In this case, you should pay particular attention to your baby’s painful state. If he is often bothered by headache, he quickly gets tired and tired, digestive system disorder (constipation, diarrhea) appears, the skin begins to dry and peel off, weaken nail plates, inflammation caused by stomatitis manifests – go to the doctor immediately.
Method and duration treatment you will be determined depending on the specific level of hemoglobin, the severity of the disease, the age of the child and
Increased hemoglobin blood in a child
Elevated hemoglobin levels in children or in some cases erythrocytosis. One of the main symptoms there is a development of mental functions that are caused by disorders of cerebral circulation. This disease most likely indicates that there is much more blood in the body and the vessels can no longer fully cope with it. This occurs due to a sharp increase in the number of red blood cells and, as a consequence, obstruction of the vessels. In this regard, blood viscosity increases, which hinders the general blood flow in the body.
Of reasons There may be many hemoglobin increases (especially in adults), but in a child, simple dehydration can also serve.
With a high content of hemoglobin in the child’s blood, it is urgent to take appropriate measures. treatment. First of all, in this situation, you should immediately undergo a medical examination for cancer or blood disease in a child. If it turns out that the disease is not serious, there is nothing to worry about, then you need to start taking special vitamins and diet.
Exclude from the diet of the kid meat, liver, red berries, fruits, and replace them with seafood (fish, shrimp, squid). Also, try to reduce your child’s intake of foods that are high in cholesterol (as it accumulates on the walls of blood vessels and makes circulation more difficult). It is necessary to eat more vegetables, fruits, cereals, salads, cottage cheese, beans.
In addition to the above funds, doctors also prescribe procedures using leeches. They help to act on the walls of blood vessels, strengthening them and preventing blockage.
And finally. Dear parents, in order for your baby to be healthy, do not neglect regular hemoglobin level checks, because if you detect any abnormality at an early stage, then it will be much faster to treat, easier and with minimal harm to your child’s health.