Diabetes mellitus is a global problem that only grows over the years. Statistics show that in the world 371 million people suffer from this disease, which is 7 percent of the entire population of the Earth.
The main reason for the growth of the disease – a radical change in lifestyle. According to statistics, if the situation does not change, by 2025 the number of diabetics will double.
In the ranking of countries by the number of people with a diagnosis are:
- India — 50.8 million;
- China – 43.2 million;
- United States — 26.8 million;
- Russia – 9.6 million;
- Brazil – 7.6 million;
- Germany – 7.6 million;
- Pakistan — 7.1 million;
- Japan — 7.1 million;
- Indonesia – 7 million;
- Mexico – 6.8 million.
The maximum percentage of the incidence rate was found among residents of the United States, where about 20 percent of the total population of the country suffer from diabetes. In Russia, this figure is about 6 percent.
Despite the fact that the level of the disease in our country is not as high as in the United States, scientists say that the people of Russia are very close to the epidemiological threshold.
Diabetes of the first type, as a rule, is diagnosed in patients under 30 years old, while women are much more likely to get sick. The disease of the second type develops in people over 40 years of age and almost always occurs in obese people who have an increased body mass.
In our country, the second type of diabetes is noticeably younger, today it is diagnosed in patients from 12 to 16 years.
The staggering numbers are given by statistics on people who have not been screened. About 50 percent of the inhabitants of the planet do not even suspect that they may have a diagnosis of diabetes.
As you know, this disease can develop imperceptibly over the years, without causing any signs. However, in many economically underdeveloped countries, the disease is not always correctly diagnosed.
For this reason, the disease leads to serious complications, having a devastating effect on the cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys and other internal organs, leading to disability.
So, despite the fact that in Africa the prevalence of diabetes is considered low, it is here that the highest percentage of people who have not been tested. The reason for this is the low level of literacy and lack of awareness of the disease among all residents of the state.
Statistics of death due to diabetes mellitus is not so simple. This is due to the fact that in worldwide practice medical records rarely indicate the cause of death in a patient. Meanwhile, according to the available data it is possible to make a general picture of mortality due to the disease.
It is important to take into account that all available mortality rates are understated, since they are compiled only from the available data. The bulk of diabetes deaths occur in patients aged 50 years and a little less people die before 60 years.
Due to the nature of the disease, the average life expectancy of patients is much lower than in healthy people. Death from diabetes usually occurs because of the development of complications and the lack of proper treatment.
In general, mortality rates are much higher in those countries where the state does not care about financing the treatment of the disease. For the obvious reason, high-income and advanced economies have lower death rates due to illness.
Incidence in Russia
According to the incidence rate rating, Russia’s indicators are among the top five countries in the world. In general, the level came close to the epidemiological threshold. At the same time, according to scientific experts, the real numbers of people with this disease are two to three times higher.
There are more than 280 thousand diabetics with the first type of disease in the country. These people depend on the daily administration of insulin, among them 16 thousand children and 8.5 thousand teenagers.
As for the detection of the disease, in Russia more than 6 million people do not know that they have diabetes.
About 30 percent of financial resources are spent on fighting the disease from the health budget, but of these, almost 90 percent is spent on treating complications, and not the disease itself.
Despite the high incidence of disease, insulin consumption in our country is the smallest and amounts to 39 units per person in Russia. If to compare with other countries, on the territory of Poland, these figures are 125, Germany – 200, Sweden – 257.