Forms of release
Festal is an enzyme drug used to compensate for the depressed functions of the pancreas and liver. The preparation contains the following enzymes: amylase, protease, lipase, hemicellulase, as well as bovine bile extract. Each of them has its own unique role, requiring a more detailed story.
Virtually any disease that is the object of the efforts of gastroenterologists is associated with certain violations of the digestive system or absorption of gastrointestinal contents. There can be a lot of reasons for this, but the end result is usually the same: “interruptions” with proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and other essential nutrients, depriving the body of the much-needed energy “feed” from the outside. Digestive enzymes can be called perhaps the most common group of drugs prescribed by the patient to gastroenterologists. “Reinforced concrete” indications for this are acute and chronic digestive disorders and absorption of the most diverse etiology in the stomach and duodenum. They are also used as a means of substitution therapy in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Today, in the arsenal of doctors there is a sufficient amount of enzyme preparations for any, in the most literal sense, taste and color. Festal is a prime example of an effective and popular combined enzyme preparation. The digestive enzymes of the pancreas, included in its composition, are at a higher concentration than in natural conditions. A distinctive feature of the festal, of course, is the form of its release: the acid-resistant coating of the pills protects the enzymes from inactivation in the acidic environment of the stomach.
The destruction of the membrane and the release of enzymes out takes place in the small intestine with its alkaline environment, which is ideally suited for the enzymes to perform their functions. As a result, the process of digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates goes more smoothly. Naturally, the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine is facilitated. With pancreatic pathologies, festal eliminates the insufficiency of its functions in secreting digestive enzymes and contributes to the improvement of the functional state of the gastrointestinal tract as a whole. If we expand the functions and personal contribution to the common cause of each enzyme, we get the following picture: protease, amylase and lipase facilitate the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, respectively; Hemicellulase enzyme breaks down the fiber, which reduces gas formation and improves digestion. The bile acids included in the preparation make it possible to correct the biliary insufficiency inherent in patients with chronic pancreatitis. As for the bile extract of bovine, it is included in the composition of festal to facilitate the absorption of lipids and fat-soluble vitamins, stimulate the secretion of lipase by the pancreas and to manifest its choleretic properties.
The duration of the medication course varies considerably and is calculated in days (with digestive disorders due to overuse of “wrong” food) or even years (as part of replacement therapy with insufficient functioning of the internal organs involved in digestion due to chronic diseases).