In the first year the child develops at a very fast pace. New skills appear literally every day, and very often the kids “give out” a whole range of innovations at once, making a real leap. Especially indicative in this regard is the third month of life of the baby.
Child development at 3 months is the result of all that the baby has learned over time. After the adaptation to the new conditions and mode of existence has ended, the child begins to actively explore the world around him. His physical, mental, emotional and social development enters an active phase.
It is possible to single out the main “achievements” that a child demonstrates at 3 months:
- Due to the intensive development of subcutaneous fatty tissue, a 3-month-old baby is “rounded”: his body becomes plump, and cheeks and folds appear in the dressing on the limbs.
- Physically, the baby acquires new skills. By 3 months, children master the coup from the back to the tummy, and lying on the stomach, they can rise for several minutes, leaning on their forearms.
- A similarity to the daily routine begins to emerge: the child begins to sleep and be awake at about the same time, so it becomes easier for the mother to plan her day. DETAILED about the mode of the day by the hour.
- The period begins when the baby tries everything “to the tooth.”
And now let’s talk in more detail about the development of the child in all areas.
Height and weight
The physical development of the child is always very worried about both parents and pediatricians. Monthly visits to the clinic are accompanied not only by a general examination, but also by measuring weight and height. In general, the indicator of height and weight is very conditional. For a child of 3 months, you can roughly focus on the following numbers:
Various factors influence height and weight: weight and height at birth, type of food, genetics. The tables used by most pediatricians were developed by Soviet specialists and compiled on the basis of data on children receiving an artificial mixture.
growth and weight gain table (click to increase)
Currently, many mothers are set up exclusively for breastfeeding, so the baby’s parameters may differ from tabular numbers. For a pediatrician, this may be a reason to talk about a shortage or an excess of body weight, but if you are breastfeeding, remember that there can be 0.5 to 2 kg gains on HB. It is simply impossible to feed the baby with breast milk, it is only possible to underfeed if the feeding technique is violated (how to breastfeed properly). For example, if the mother does not allow the baby to be at the breast for as long as it requires, or often changes the breast.
Moms of infants should be more relaxed to treat differences in the height and weight of the child with certain figures. If a child is active, eats, sleeps, studies the world around him, if he pees at least 12 times a day and poops 6-8 times, his hair and nails grow – that means he is in perfect order.
Reflexes at three months
The behavior of the infant and the actions it performs are regulated by reflexes and instincts. Most of the reflexes of newborns are already extinct by 3 months. For example, at this age, the presence of the following reflexes may indicate neurological pathology:
- search reflex (in response to stroking the corner of the lips, the child turns the head toward the stimulus and opens the mouth);
- proboscis reflex (touching the upper lip leads to the fact that the child pulls the sponge in the form of a proboscis);
- Babkin’s reflex (when pressing a finger on the palm of a child, he opens his mouth and makes a head move forward).
Some reflexes can still be saved. For example, the Moro reflex, which is expressed in the fact that a child throws up hands and spreads his fingers when he is placed on his back or his legs are raised above the surface. This ancient reflex is evolutionarily developed to protect the child from falling.
But the sucking reflex and the crawling reflex at 3 months are still very pronounced, since they are directly involved in the survival and harmonious development of the child.
Two basic skills that are formed by 3 months:
- the ability to roll from back to tummy;
- ability to raise the head and shoulders with support for the forearm.
There are no strict standards in this matter either. Some of the babies perform all these actions as early as three months; someone starts making first attempts only closer to 4-5 months. Every little man has his own speed of development, so if the baby is healthy and has no neurological problems, he will definitely learn to roll over and rise (when the children begin to roll over).
By the way, the process of mastering new skills can be slightly accelerated. The following tips will help parents:
- To the standard daily gymnastics, add an exercise that stimulates coups. The baby lies on the back, his right leg needs to be raised, holding his shin, and lead to the left, as if tossing it over the body. This moment in coups is the most difficult for a child, because it is he who gives the whole body an impulse to make a movement. Later, the children learn to push off from the horizontal surface.
- Conscientiously perform the full range of exercises that pediatricians recommend. The basis of all new physical skills is the overall good development of the body and muscles of the baby.
- Contribute to the development of the second skill can be a very simple way: regularly place the child on his stomach. And in order to lie in such a pose was interesting, lay out bright toys in front of him. An excellent option for this age is a developing mat. On it, the baby will not be bored either on the back or on the tummy. Many rugs have a small round mirror in the kit. Looking at your reflection there while lying on your stomach is a fascinating activity.
Try to praise your child often for all his achievements, although there are usually no problems with this: moms and dads are sincerely happy when they see what can beloved child
Another tip concerns security: after the baby has learned to roll over, do not leave him alone on high surfaces (on the sofa or changing table). On such surfaces, the child can only be with an adult, otherwise he may fall and even be injured. If you need to leave the room – put the baby in a crib or a chaise lounge.
The development of the psyche and the emotional sphere (mental development in three months)
Mental and emotional development to 3 months is also gaining momentum. First of all, the senses and basic mental functions are very actively developing.
Significantly changed vision. Now the child is able to follow the gaze of a moving toy, is able to peer into the object. This means that the child develops subject perception: he begins to perceive the object as a complex of properties, and the more senses he can perceive the object, the more information about the object of observation he will receive. That is why the kids love not only to consider, but also to try to bite or lick everything that falls into the handle.
The hearing of a child is also developing and improving. At the age of 3 months, the baby already perfectly isolates different sounds from the general background, can accurately determine the source of the sound, and, of course, already knows his native voices very well. At mother’s voice, the baby turns the head in her direction and smiles.
Sensation and perception for a child at 3 months are the main mental processes that lead to the study of the surrounding world. These two processes occur in all areas of sensation: sight, hearing, smell, touch. The kid likes to touch different surfaces and objects with his fingers, lick rattles, look at pictures and faces of people, enjoy different sounds.
Great progress is also being made in the emotional sphere. At 3 months, children begin to give their first conscious smile, the most sincere and open. The main innovation of this age is the “revitalization complex” – a vivid emotional reaction that a child demonstrates when a close adult appears. “The complex of recovery” is manifested not only in smiles. The kid begins to actively roar, move hands and feet, showing in all ways how glad he is to see a loved one.
Food and sleep
As we already said, by three months the daily regimen begins to form. This regime will change several times, but for the mother some certainty and the possibility to plan their affairs already appear. Basically, the baby, like a newborn child, spends time eating and sleeping, but already there are periods of active wakefulness. The main questions in this connection are: how much does a three-month baby eat and how much sleep?
Sleep, as before, takes most of the day. At this age, children sleep in the amount of up to 17 hours. Usually, 9-10 hours fall on the night, and the rest are divided into 4 daytime sleep.
A lot can be said about food, but we will focus on the main points.
If the baby’s food is a bottle mix, the mode and volume of feedings is determined by the recommendations of the manufacturers of the adapted mixture. Breast-fed babies suckle on demand and are at the breast as much as they need it.
For mothers who are breastfeeding, it will be useful to know that 3 months is a time of growth and lactational crisis. This is a kind of turning point, which is very important to pass successfully.
The child is actively exploring the world, so it may be difficult to attach to the chest. Many mothers say that the child starts spinning, looking around to look at everything around, distracting from the breast. In the body, mom also undergoes some changes: by this time the lactation is getting better and the woman stops feeling hot flashes.
Without knowing about these features, the mother can interpret the restless behavior of the baby in the breast and the absence of hot flashes as a lack of milk and begin to feed the mixture. Do not do this. In the most critical period, which lasts only a couple of days, it is better to focus on the child and constantly offer the breast, putting all household and personal matters aside – this will help preserve lactation and successfully overcome the difficult moment.
Pediatricians of the old school and loving grandmothers do not rarely begin to insist on the introduction of complementary foods at 3 months of age. Usually we are talking about apple juice, and then mashed potatoes. For breastfed babies, these recommendations are no longer relevant.
How to take a baby – playing with a child
In moments of active wakefulness, the baby is no longer interested in just lying in the crib. An inquisitive little tot seeks this in order to see and hear something new and interesting. A fun game – the best activity with the child.
Games at this age are quite simple and short. It’s great if the game is accompanied by a fun poteshka or just a poem. The fact is that in 3 months speech is already beginning to develop. The child makes the first sounds, which are called pre-vocal vocalizations in a scientific language. These are long vowels: oooh, aaa, ahhh. For the full development of speech just need to hear the words and sounds. Folklore works are suitable for babies as well as possible, because they were specially composed by our ancestors and are always chanted.
As part of the game, you can do finger gymnastics, massage your palms and feet, or invite your kid to touch different textures with your pen (pieces of cloth, croup, etc.). Rattle games are also a great option for 3 months.
You can offer your child to look at large pictures in a book, necessarily pronouncing and naming all objects and details. Pictures themselves for this age should be very sketchy and simple.
Communication with the child is important not only during the games. Conversations with the baby must be accompanied by every contact with him, whether it be dressing for a walk or changing a diaper. Speech should be emotional and calm. For a child, this is not only a way of development, but also an indicator of her mother’s love and acceptance, and this is even more important than new information and skills.
How to take a 3 month old baby (video)
The third month of life. Child development calendar
A full calendar of child development in one article “development up to a year by month” – http: //
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