More recently, some fifty years ago, cutlery from nickel silver was considered almost a mandatory attribute on the holiday table. Forks and spoons faithfully served the hosts and guests, and then went back to the lockers and sideboards until the next festival.
And whether from long storage, whether from dampness (or from everything together) nickel silver tableware began to darken and become covered with unsightly stains.
Many of these spoons and forks have safely survived to our days, however, they have acquired a slightly unpresentable appearance.
Of course, darkened unrecognizable items from nickel silver can be:
- throw away
- hide in the closet until better times
- attributed to the experts, so they cleaned the cupronickel,
- try to clean it yourself.
The last decision to get out of this situation may be the most true for those who are not afraid to experiment and are willing to give cutlery a second life.
If you belong to this category of people, then to work with nickel silver you will need those simple substances and products that are in almost every home: soda, salt, ammonia, chalk, tooth powder and others, which are discussed below.
But before proceeding with the cleaning of nickel silver, it is necessary to assess its degree of contamination.
If cupronickel is only darkened, but there are no dried fat spots on it, then you can immediately begin to lighten it.
But if the spoons and forks are so old and covered with a layer of dirt and grease, they must first be washed clean. This is especially true of spoons and forks with a carved handle or a corrugated surface, with a small pattern or engraving. After all, if you just remove the blackness, then all the dirt ingrained in the grooves will become noticeable even more.
How to wash nickel silver from dirt and grease
Take a pot and pour some dishwashing liquid into it.
Add boiling water and foam.
Immerse all forks, spoons and knives in a soap solution and leave for a day. Items periodically mix. If they are very dirty, water must be reheated several times.
The next day, arm yourself with a soft toothbrush and use it to wipe off all the dirt using the same water.
Then wash the nickel silver in clean water and dry it. Now they are ready for the next stage of cleansing.
Foil, Soda and Salt
This effective method helps to remove black bloom from nickel silver, even a hundred years ago.
- To do this, prepare a saucepan and cover it with a foil for baking.
- Put all the forks and spoons cleared of dirt and grease into the pan.
- Add about three tablespoons of baking soda and salt.
- Pour in so much hot water that the cutlery is completely covered with it. Some housewives use potato broth instead of water.
- Put the pot on the fire and boil for 15-20 minutes. Do not worry about Melchior. Its composition – an alloy of copper, nickel and zinc – can withstand high temperatures without consequences.
- Turn off the fire and leave cupronickel in water until it cools completely.
- Take out the cutlery and wash it in clean water.
- Dry thoroughly with a soft, dry towel.
By the way, products from nickel silver should not be left wet or even slightly wet. Of course, they will not be covered with rust, but each drop, having dried, will leave a dark mark behind. It is from the moisture Melchior darkens.
Soda and other abrasives
Melchior is well polished. Of course, if you decide to use sandpaper or some other aggressive means in the form of an abrasive, then after such cleaning the spoon will most likely have to be thrown away.
But abrasives such as soda, chalk, tooth powder, toothpaste will help you to clean the table silver cup.
- Pour soda into a small container and add enough water to make a slurry. Apply gruel to a soft rag or sponge and rub the product without strong pressure. If the nickel silver has a corrugated surface, take a soft-bristled toothbrush and use it to gently clean the product. Then rinse well in clean water and wipe dry.
- You can also use a toothpick to remove a light black patina from nickel silver. You can use chalk instead of tooth powder, but you need to grind it thoroughly before use so that its large pieces do not scratch the metal.
- Dark plaque from nickel silver can be removed and toothpaste. Squeeze it into any dish and dilute with water. Dip the spoons in the solution and leave for half an hour. Then wash and dry them well.
- If you can tolerate the odor of ammonia, then add it to the water, making a weak solution, in which you wash the forks and spoons (or other products) from cupronickel. Then rinse in clean water and wipe dry.
- Dark scurf on nickel silver is removed if the product is cleaned with vinegar or turpentine.
- Slight darkening can be removed by cleaning cupronickel with vodka or alcohol.
Melchior cleaning with eggshell
If in the coming days you decide to clean the nickel silver, then during the preparation of the fried eggs or kneading dough, do not throw away the eggshells.
- To clean the nickel silver, take the shell from two raw eggs, chop it, put it in a saucepan, add a spoonful of salt there and pour one liter of water.
- Bring to a boil.
- Dip in this water cutlery from nickel silver and boil for two or three minutes.
- Rinse out the nickel silver in clean water and dry it thoroughly. The same can be done by replacing the eggshells with garlic husks.
Melchior cleaning with citric acid
Cook the pan. In one liter of water, dissolve 100 g of citric acid. Dip the cutlery and a piece of copper wire into the solution. Boil it all for 15-20 minutes. Then rinse in clean water and dry.
As you can see, removing black from nickel silver is very simple. But it is better not to allow it to appear. And for this you need to follow a few simple rules:
- After each use, wash the cutlery in soda solution.
- In no case do not use detergent with chlorine for washing products from nickel silver.
- Store nickel silver in foil. It protects them from blackening.
- Melchior store in a dry place.
- If you doubt the effectiveness of a particular folk remedy, buy a special liquid or powder for cleaning nickel silver.