Causes of constipation in infants

Constipation in infants is quite common due to the imperfection of the gastrointestinal tract in a baby, which consists in stool retention, compaction of fecal masses and difficult emptying.

Quite often, mommies are faced with a similar problem in a child in infancy. To help mothers, especially those with a first child and not having enough experience in caring for a baby, this article will tell you how to detect constipation in a baby, what to do and what to treat.

Types and possible causes of constipation in infants

What can be considered constipation, because not always the absence of a chair for one or two days speaks of pathology? Constipation involves the appearance of pain in a child’s abdomen, which causes restless behavior of the baby, loud crying during bowel movements (bowel movements). Chronic constipation in infants can lead to irreversible effects in the gastrointestinal tract, so this disease requires effective treatment.

Constipation in infants on the etiology are divided into organic and functional.

Organic constipation associated with various congenital defects and defects in the development of the digestive tract.

The development of constipation of this type may be due to the following diseases:

  • Diseases when the sigmoid or rectum have enlarged sizes
  • Hirschsprung disease, in which there are no nerve endings on one of the sections of the intestine
  • Polyps, adhesions, various types of tumors
  • Constriction in the colon.

Organic constipation is rare in infancy.

Most often, functional constipation, which is associated with dysregulation in the gastrointestinal tract in a baby, causes the stool delay.

Only a specialist can identify the causes of constipation in an infant and make a correct diagnosis.

The causes of this type of constipation are many:

  • Hereditary aspect
  • Improper nutrition of infants, most often associated with the transition to artificial feeding and the introduction of additional foods
  • Various disorders of the nervous system
  • Intestinal dysbiosis, inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract of the baby
  • Taking antibiotics, as well as frequent use of enzyme or laxative drugs
  • Muscular dystrophy of the intestine, often occurring with rickets
  • Worm infestation.

Only a specialist can identify the causes of constipation in an infant and make a correct diagnosis.

Methods for the diagnosis of constipation in infants

To diagnose constipation in an infant, the doctor conducts a number of the following activities:

  • Study of the history of the disease, visual and rectal digital examination through the rectum
  • Research on dysbacteriosis and helminth eggs
  • Instrumental research methods
  • Consultations of the neuropathologist and the psychoneurologist.

All diagnostic methods are designed to determine the cause of constipation in a baby.

Drug treatment of constipation in infants

First of all, all parents should remember that it is possible to carry out medical treatment of constipation only after consulting a pediatrician.

The most important method of preventing constipation in infants is proper nutrition, both for the child and for the nursing mother.

with all the necessary research.

Most often in the treatment of constipation in infants used drugs containing lactulose. They are able not only to gently release the child’s stomach from feces, but also are an excellent nutrient medium for the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms in the intestine.

Another effective drug for combating constipation in infants are various candles based on glycerol. There are special children’s candles, after the introduction of which defecation occurs after 30 minutes.

In infants, constipation can be caused by distention of the tummy and colic. To eliminate the problem, preparations based on natural plants (dill, fennel) are used.

Treatment of constipation in infants at home

To eliminate constipation at home, doctors recommend the following activities:

  1. Give the baby more fluid.
  2. To irritate the intestinal mucosa, it is recommended to give the infant a drop of juice.
  3. Massage gently in a clockwise motion for 5-6 minutes.
  4. To stimulate the work of the intestine, the baby can put a gas outlet tube, if necessary, or bend the legs to the stomach after feeding. For the same purpose, pediatricians recommend putting the baby after a meal on the tummy.
  5. In the most extreme case, you can resort to enema, but this method can not be abused.

Parents should remember that for frequent constipation, accompanied by severe pain, no procedure is recommended to loosen the bowel. It is imperative to seek help from a doctor.

Prevention of constipation in infants

A very important point is a convenient, safe pot.

To prevent constipation in babies, there is a whole range of preventive measures that mothers should strictly follow.

The most important method of preventing constipation in infants is proper nutrition, as a child, and nursing mothers. If the baby is susceptible to constipation, the mother should include beets, apricots, plums or prunes in her diet.

It is strictly forbidden to use products containing tannin: quince, pears, pomegranates, strong tea, coffee. Nursing mothers should limit the intake of flour and rich products, as well as products with high fat content.

For frequent constipation, it is recommended to use a special formula for feeding.

Causes of constipation in infants

A good prevention of constipation is an active lifestyle of the baby, regular massages, walks in the fresh air.

The proper working of the intestine is greatly influenced by the daily routine. Parents should teach their baby to empty their bowels at the same time, preferably in the morning.

A very important point is a convenient, safe pot. The procedure of defecation should not cause negative emotions in the baby. The emptying process should take place in a calm environment.

Treatment of constipation is a laborious process that requires complex treatment carried out under the supervision of a physician.

You will get more interesting information about constipation in babies from the video:

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