Every woman’s life consists of three periods of growing up: a girl – a girl – a woman. During this period of maturation, the mammary glands of a woman undergo perestroika. If up to 10 years in many girls there are no changes in the mammary glands, then after this age puberty begins puberty, which is characterized by the development of glandular structures of the mammary glands.
This development is cyclical and depends on the amount of steroid hormones in the body – estrogen and progesterone. Many girls from this age may experience engorgement of the lobules of the mammary glands before menstruation, which passes after the end of menstruation. Often, during breast engorgement, pains in the mammary glands of varying degrees, which are called mastalgia, are observed.
Chest pain or mastalgia often bothers all girls and women who are under 40 years old. In postmenopausal women, mastalgia is rarely observed. For many women, chest pains begin in the second phase of the menstrual cycle and are not severe. And only a small number of women experience pain with a feeling of severe discomfort and pressure in the chest. Premenstrual chest pains are called cyclic pains, in addition to them women may experience non-cyclic breast pains. The most common causes of non-cyclical breast pain are: – pregnancy and breastfeeding; – mastopathy; – retention of fluid in the body, especially during menstruation; – chest injury; – various breast tumors, including breast cancer, which is rarely the cause of pain. – discomfort of the breast due to the rigid parts of the bra, compressing the chest, especially in the armpits, where the large lymphatic ducts are located. – iodine deficiency in the body, can cause an imbalance of hormones in the body, which contributes to pain in the mammary glands; – sunbathing in the sun without a bra; – depression, constant excitement and tension of the nervous system can cause mastalgia.
If chest pains are cyclical, disappear after menstruation and are not strong, then women are not too worried about this. Only if the pain does not disappear for a long time and are non-cyclical, you need to contact your gynecologist for help. When visiting a gynecologist, be prepared to answer questions that any doctor will ask you if you have complaints of pain in the mammary glands: – when was the last menstruation? – Are there any violations in the periodicity of menstruation? – how long do you have chest pains? – Do both breasts or just one breast hurt?
– In which area of the chest do you feel pain and how often? – Is there a discharge from the nipple? – When was the last time you did a mammogram? – what medicines do you drink at the moment? – Is there any discharge from the nipple? – what medications do you take?
The gynecologist must necessarily conduct a manual examination of the mammary glands and axillary lymph nodes. In women under 35 years of age, if no new growths and seals are found during manual examination, the doctor may not order further examination. And women over 40 years old should be recommended by a doctor to undergo a mammogram.
In addition to mammography, if there are several lumps in the chest, they can prescribe a sonogram or breast biopsy. For the treatment of breast pain, wearing a supporting bra is sometimes sufficient, but in many cases, treatment without medication and the advent of medical procedures is not effective.
Video lesson causes chest pain in men and women
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