When a baby appears in the family, parents, together with great joy, begin to experience constant anxiety over the state of health of the little man.
The reason for the fear often becomes blood in the feces of the child, fathers and mothers often do not understand what caused this phenomenon and how to eliminate it. The most experienced pediatrician, Yevgeny Komarovsky, who has written many books on children’s diseases and their treatment, gives parents detailed recommendations on the subject.
Factors causing blood in the feces of an infant
First of all, young mothers should be ascertained what provoked the presence of blood in the baby’s feces. It is necessary to carefully examine the causes of blood in the feces of a child, Komarovsky highlights a number of factors that provoke a similar problem.
Blood in the feces of the newborn may occur due to cracks in the anus, resulting from injuries to the intestines and the anus in a child due to obstruction and excessive force during constipation. Infants often have an invagination, which is understood to be a rather severe and painful form of intestinal obstruction, in such situations the stool completely reddens and turns into a liquid state, and the infant does not stop crying.
Allergies can also cause blood in the feces, and if there is an allergen in the baby’s body, mucosal edema occurs, usually it happens with newborns who are fed mixtures. The cause is able to serve and diathesis hemorrhagic in nature, with the occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding. In a situation of ulcerative lesions, there are persistent, although not very significant blood loss. If there are any injuries on the nipples of a nursing mother in the baby’s stomach, in addition to milk, there is blood. It leaves the body together with feces, resulting in streaks.
Presence of blood streak in fecal masses of infants
Komarovsky fixes that the phenomenon of blood streak during bowel movements of a baby may be caused by the presence of worms in the body. In this case, the child usually behaves restlessly, is nervous, there are obvious disturbances in his sleep and appetite. In the presence of such symptoms, it is necessary to conduct a rectal examination of the newborn and take a stool analysis from him. If the reason after this remains unexplained, it is necessary to carry out more detailed studies.
If parents notice the blood streak in the baby’s feces, they are by no means recommended to try to treat the baby on their own. The required treatment in each case will be individual, it can not be determined in absentia. If the blood in the feces is caused by allergies to certain foods, it is urgent to identify the component causing the allergic reaction and completely eliminate it from baby food. But the blood streaks in the fecal masses, triggered by cracks on the mother’s nipples or her poor diet, should not alarm adults. In this case, the mother should pay more attention to their own health, without showing undue concern about the newborn.
Blood streaks in the fecal discharge of an infant are most often accompanied by changes in its natural consistency and natural color. Dark, almost black stools may be due to intestinal or gastric bleeding. But the most common reason for the formation of streaks of blood in the baby feces as anus injuries caused by intestinal obstruction. To improve the digestion of an infant, parents need to make an optimal diet for it and make its diet completely balanced.
Komarovsky recommends that parents make the intestinal tone higher. For this purpose, children are given a belly massage and a special gymnastics, during which the baby bends and unbends legs. If the mother is breastfeeding, she should definitely revise her own food, include dried apricots, prunes, more water, foods that are in the category of fermented milk in the diet. When an infant is artificially fed, it is better to give the newborn water more often, and make the mixture as liquid as possible.
The phenomenon of mucus in the baby feces
In addition to blood in the baby’s feces, it is often possible to see mucus, which is also anxious for parents. Komarovsky believes that, in moderation, mucus is even necessary for the full functioning of the intestine, however, its too large-scale discharge leads us to conclude that there is an inflammatory process. However, before proceeding to treatment, it is necessary to fully identify the causes that provoke the occurrence of mucus.
According to Dr. Komarovsky, mucus with blood in the feces of a child may be due to the presence in the body of parasites, fragments of which can be detected in the analysis of feces. The secretion of mucus may increase due to inflammatory processes, most often accompanied by a violation of children’s stools, abdominal distention, varying degrees of diarrhea.
Mucus in baby feces can also appear due to food poisoning. In this case, the baby usually has problems with the digestion of food, there is nausea and pain in the abdomen, and body temperature may increase. Mucus is able to occur due to infection, since bacteria cause inflammation of the intestines, resulting in a dramatic increase in secretions.
The mucus in the stool masses is not a deviation from the norm, however, its excessive amount is evidence of a malfunction of the digestive organs. When breastfeeding in infants mucus can occur due to improper feeding of the mother. The release of mucus is also able to become a reaction of the child’s body to the introduction of complementary foods to the diet. Such phenomena should not cause excessive anxiety in adults, they are characteristic of the body of the newborn.
The most common causes leading to the occurrence of blood in the feces of infants
If the presence of blood in the baby’s feces is a reality, not a fantasy of too suspicious and anxious parents, then, first of all, it is necessary to find out the causes of blood in the baby’s feces, and then take the required measures depending on them. According to Dr. Komarovsky, there are several common grounds for the appearance of blood in the baby’s feces.
The reason for the unpleasant phenomenon is often the anal fissure, the anus is usually damaged due to excessive stool or prolonged constipation. Parents may notice such a problem if the kid is clearly experiencing discomfort, screaming or grunting during bowel movements.
Quite often, babies are allergic to milk protein, especially in cases when the baby is given soy or cow’s milk. Breast-fed babies also have a similar allergy if a nursing mother eats dairy products. In such situations, Komarovsky recommends first of all to establish a competent diet and strictly follow it.
However, the blood in the feces in infants can appear for other reasons. It may be due to intestinal inflammation, in which there is also a loss of appetite and a decrease in body weight. The cause can be various infections, the presence of parasites and bacteria in the intestine. Intestinal obstruction, which can also cause blood in the feces, most often develops suddenly and very quickly, in this case, you should immediately contact the child with the doctors.
According to the recommendations of Komarovsky, parents should not panic after finding blood streaks in the feces in infants. First of all, the father and mother are obliged to find out exactly what caused this phenomenon and only then seek to correct the situation.
Evgeny Komarovsky published a lot of materials on this problem with newborn children. It is desirable that parents, especially young, in whom the first child grows, study the blood streak in the feces of the infant and compare it with the descriptions of Komarovsky, at least in general terms. Then they will, at least, imagine what could have provoked an alarming situation with the children’s feces and how they could best act – to see a doctor and not to self-medicate.
The presence of blood in the feces of a newborn baby is quite common, although it may be due to various reasons. However, after reading what Komarovsky says about the blood in the feces of infants, parents should not assume that they will cope with the problem themselves, without the intervention of specialists. The baby must be urgently shown to the pediatrician, who will prescribe the necessary tests and treatment based on their results.
Mothers and fathers should not show excessive nervousness when detecting blood or mucus in the baby’s feces, but such a process should not be allowed to take its course and that everything is formed over time. It is best to immediately notify the attending physician, to conduct the required examination and take appropriate measures, in this case, then it will be possible to avoid possible complications.