Pregnant bloating in the first few months
Already from the first weeks of pregnancy, the future mother begins to worry about changes in her body. And although they are not yet visible from the outside, but often the feeling of a pregnant woman is not pleasant. Abdominal distension, toxicosis, heartburn and fatigue: all these are the first signs of pregnancy in the earliest terms. In this publication, we dwell on the first sign – bloating in the first trimester. Read about the other symptoms here.
Why does bloating occur in pregnant women?
In 99% of cases, the causes of bloating in early pregnancy are few and they affect the digestive tract (gastrointestinal tract) of a woman at the same time.
It is worth knowing that the gas and the feeling of bloating is a normal process for a healthy person, so medicines are used in this case very rarely.
The main causes of flatulence while waiting for baby
- Enzymatic pancreatic insufficiency. In this case, the woman feels bloating, heartburn, discomfort in the abdomen, often there is belching and diarrhea. This enzyme deficiency is primary (if a woman does not control her diet and often overeat, or she has pancreatitis) and secondary (begins in those expectant mothers who have a lack of bile salts – liver cirrhosis, cholestasis). The development of enzymatic pancreatic insufficiency is promoted by intestinal dysbiosis, heart failure, inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), endocrine disruption, and pregnancy. Read about treatment at the end of the publication.
- Increasing the level of progesterone (pregnancy hormone) in a woman’s blood. This hormone helps to reduce muscle tone of all internal organs. This leads to stagnation in the gastrointestinal tract, as a result – flatulence, constipation, feeling of heaviness in the abdomen.
Treatment and Prevention
You can get rid of bloating in the first months of waiting for your baby. To do this, you must follow some rules of proper nutrition: eat in small portions 4-6 times a day, avoiding foods that can cause flatulence. What products are these, look at the infogram.
This does not mean that all these foods should be completely excluded from the diet. Just remember that moderation is your main weapon against bloating.
Also help improve digestion exercise. So that you know what the load in the early stages will not be harmful, we have prepared a series of exercises specifically for expectant mothers.
Proper nutrition and physical activity in the complex will surely give an effect in the form of proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and improvement of mood.
IMPORTANT! If you have a blistering abruptly and does not pass a few days, be sure to contact a specialist for consultation.
Espumizan or Smecta is also used to treat bloating. If, in addition to flatulence, you are worried about the heaviness in the stomach, then Pancreatin, Mezim or Festal is taken to improve digestion. Remember that self-medication can be dangerous to your health and the condition of the child, so consult with your doctor before using any medication.
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Bloating in early pregnancy
Gases in the intestines and their excretion from the body is a natural process. Gases in a pregnant woman are formed much more often, and indeed such a problem as, abdominal distension in early pregnancy worries most women.
This all comes from the fact that in the body of a pregnant woman in the early stages progesterone is produced in large quantities. The thing is that progesterone relaxes muscles during pregnancy, of course the gastrointestinal tract is no exception. Abdominal bloating during pregnancy thereby occurs due to a slow digestive process. It may also not leave a feeling of discomfort, heartburn, especially if before this was a hearty lunch.
In order to avoid this, it should be eaten in small portions, it is better to do it just more often.
Gases are formed by swallowing air with food. Basically, for each person, the formation of gases occurs in the event that food, which has not had time to fully digest, is broken down in the intestine. Some people have an individual intolerance to certain products, such as dairy. This happens because they contain lactose, and the person in the body should have a sufficient amount of lactase, which should digest it. So the influence has an individual balance of microflora in the intestine.
Basically, the food that can cause bloating in early pregnancy is:
- Beans, bran, many fruits, that is, those foods that are rich in fiber. But in their case, digestion to the end almost always takes place in the large intestine.
- Potatoes, pasta, but not all, to starch-containing products.
- On the content in the products of raffinose. Contained in cabbage (Brussels, cauliflower, broccoli, white) and in legumes.
- Some have such a reaction to fructose – pear, onion, artichoke, carbonated drinks.
- Fried and fatty foods, slowing down digestion, cause bloating.
In order for gas and bloating in early pregnancy to be disturbed as little as possible, pay attention to these rules:
- chew food thoroughly to avoid the ingress of air into the stomach;
- it is better to eat in small portions, albeit more often;
- wear loose clothing;
- while eating, sit up straight without squeezing the stomach;
- reduce, but not eliminate, the use of products for which such a violent reaction;
- give yourself exercise, even regular walking;
- reduce the use of coffee, soda, beer;
- Do not smoke.
Gases during pregnancy
Starting the discussion of such a delicate topic, we note that the removal of gases from the intestine is a normal physiological phenomenon. Moreover, it is proved that on average, a person releases gases up to 15 times a day. So the fact that during pregnancy gases can be removed more often is true. Pregnant women also should not be surprised if there is a frequent belching or stomach will burst long before it becomes really noticeable. All these phenomena are a normal physiological process, so you should not panic and, even more, panic. Moreover, in today’s publication we decided to tell you about the causes of gases in early pregnancy and what to do in this state.
Gases in early pregnancy
In the early stages of pregnancy, the body produces a huge amount of the hormone progesterone, which, as it turned out, is the root cause of digestive problems. The fact is that progesterone has a relaxing effect on the muscles, including the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, digestion slows down, the stomach swells and spreads, there is discomfort in the stomach and increased flatulence. Especially often this happens after a hearty meal.
Gas enters the stomach along with air and is a natural by-product of the breakdown of food by intestinal bacteria. At the same time, most of the gases are discharged by belching. However, the fact that a certain amount of gases continues to move downwards and goes outside is also not excluded.
Read also abdominal bloating during pregnancy.
Most often, enhanced manifestation of flatulence occurs due to the fact that the digestive tract does not cope with their work and can not digest the food that a pregnant woman consumed during the day. Most often, gases arise after eating legumes, cabbage and asparagus. Pears, plums, carbonated drinks and even dairy products can also provoke flatulence. Some pregnant women have digestive problems after eating pasta and potatoes. Moreover, it is important to know that foods rich in fiber (vegetables, fruits, bran) cause gas formation due to the fact that it is normal for them to break down in the large intestine. The question arises: what to do to avoid gas during pregnancy? We will tell about it further.
Gases during pregnancy: what to do?
Answering the question, we decided to bring some tips that will help you to avoid increased gas formation and regain self-confidence:
- In order to avoid problems with digestion, try to eat in small portions five or six times a day – this will allow the body to accustom to proper nutrition and to establish a metabolism;
- do not rush into food and try to chew food slowly to prevent air from entering the stomach;
- minimize consumption of foods that can cause flatulence and adversely affect the digestive process. Exclude some vegetables: cabbage, legumes, and replace them with no less useful, but more “safe” vegetable crops. Note that it is impossible to completely exclude vegetables from the diet, since they are part of a healthy diet;
- When eating, try to sit up straight so as not to provoke squeezing of the stomach;
- avoid pressure in the abdomen – this also applies to wardrobe. Therefore, wear comfortable and loose clothing;
- Avoid products that contain sorbitol (chewing gum, as a rule) – they slow down the absorption of this sweetener and can increase gas formation;
- an active lifestyle and walking helps to normalize the digestion, so try as much as possible to be in the fresh air;
- Minimize carbonated drinks, non-alcoholic beers and coffee.
As you can see, getting rid of meteorism is not so difficult, you need to put a minimum of effort and everything will get better. However, if gas formation is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, diarrhea or vomiting, then immediately consult a doctor.
Take care and be healthy!
Gas formation during pregnancy
Gas formation during pregnancy is an actual problem
For each woman in a certain period of life there comes a wonderful and exciting moment of expecting a child. As a rule, the expectant mother tries to prepare for pregnancy by changing her lifestyle, food, habits, in order to live the cherished nine months as calmly and favorably as possible. But not all problems can be eliminated and foreseen. The body of a pregnant woman is undergoing a restructuring of all organ systems, confronting the future mother face to face with problems that she did not even know about before the onset of this period. Such problems include increased gas formation during pregnancy in the intestines, which, according to the latest data, up to 75% of pregnant women face at different times. Besides the fact that increased gas formation during pregnancy disturbs the well-being, its symptoms (bloating and rumbling of the abdomen, separation of gases) interfere with the social adaptation of the pregnant woman and cause psychological discomfort.
Gas formation during pregnancy. Causes and development
In itself, flatulence in the intestines is not a disease, it is a physiological process that occurs in the body every day. But it is during pregnancy that gas formation increases for a number of reasons, which is the cause of functional disorders of the digestive system. We will understand the reasons for this process in more detail.
Already in the early stages of pregnancy hormonal changes occur in the body. In the blood, the level of progesterone rises – a hormone that relaxes smooth muscles. This is necessary to prevent the increase of the uterus tone and preserve pregnancy. But not only the muscle fibers of the uterus relax, but also other organs. The consequence of this is the weakening of the intestinal wall throughout its length, which slows down the passage of food, causes its stagnation and increased gas formation during pregnancy. In the later stages of pregnancy, increased flatulence is aggravated by mechanical pressure on the intestine by the growing uterus. These same factors cause constipation in pregnant women. The aggravating factors that increase gas formation during pregnancy are chronic intestinal diseases, which are often accompanied by dysbiosis. Dominance of pathogenic microflora in intestinal dysbacteriosis causes the decomposition of food with increased gas separation.
An important role is also played by lifestyle, food culture and directly diet. A sedentary lifestyle often accompanies a gestation period due to the threat of interruption in the early stages or difficulties in adhering to the motor regime in the later periods. This, of course, can not affect the work of the intestine, exacerbating the physiological changes discussed above. Fast food in large portions 1-2 times a day, eating large quantities of legumes, black bread, carbonated drinks, large quantities of raw vegetables, grape and apple juice is a direct way to increased gas generation during pregnancy. In addition, during pregnancy it is often necessary to take medication that affects the bowels (for example, iron preparations for anemia, drugs that reduce pressure).
Gas formation during pregnancy. Symptoms
Increased flatulence during pregnancy leads to flatulence (swelling of the intestines), causing an increase in the abdominal circumference, a feeling of distention and discomfort, rumbling in the intestines. These phenomena may be accompanied by pain along the intestine, especially in late pregnancy. Relief occurs after the discharge of gases. As a rule, these processes are accompanied by constipation, as well as frequent “companions” of pregnancy. In case of constipation, the stool leaves every 2-3 days, in small portions, the act of defecation can be painful and is accompanied by discharge of blood from the anus, which is explained by an exacerbation of hemorrhoids. In addition to symptoms of the intestine, gas retention and stool reflexively provoke other manifestations, such as palpitations, high blood pressure, shortness of breath. Often pregnant women are worried by burping with air, a violation of the taste perception of food or an unpleasant taste in the mouth, lack of appetite, nausea. All this is not the best way affects the emotional state of women, and stress, in turn, further enhances the severity of these symptoms.
Gas formation during pregnancy: diagnosis.
Despite the fact that increased gas formation during pregnancy is a functional disorder, that is, it occurs without organic lesions, it is necessary to exclude possible pathology that requires thorough (and sometimes even surgical) treatment. Only by eliminating acute surgical diseases, serious violations of the endocrine system and the gastrointestinal tract, can we say that increased gas formation is due to pregnancy. The most common method of research in pregnant women is an ultrasound of the abdominal organs. Colonoscopy is much less commonly used (as a rule, to exclude organic lesions of the intestine when blood is excreted in the feces). In addition, if you suspect a significantly elevated level of progesterone, determine its level in the blood, especially in early pregnancy.
Gas formation during pregnancy: treatment.
It is not always possible to eliminate increased gas formation during pregnancy, as it is due to the physiological characteristics of the woman’s body, but to reduce it and alleviate the accompanying symptoms is real.
First, you need to normalize nutrition. Recommended frequent meals in small portions, the use of a sufficient amount of liquid. From the diet it is necessary to exclude legumes, cabbage, brown bread, whole milk, carbonated drinks, grapes, apple juice, radishes, radishes, limit onions and garlic, spices. It is desirable to enrich the diet with foods that contain a sufficient amount of fiber (cereals, whole-grain bread, vegetables, steamed or stewed).
To improve the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and the regulation of bowel emptying helps a number of physical exercises that are performed before meals or 1.5-2 hours after eating three times a day, swimming at a free pace or aquafitness for pregnant women.
Medication with increased gas formation during pregnancy, of course, is limited. To improve the discharge of gases, so-called carminatives are used: dill, fennel, cumin, peppermint. For ease of use, you can use ready-made products – dill water, collecting carminative. Dimethicone (also having adsorbing properties) and simethicone, which are often part of the combined preparations, improve intestinal motility, reduce gas formation and do not have a systemic effect. These drugs are also called “defoamers” because they tear apart the walls of mucus bubbles that contain gas in the intestines. The risk to call TM for pregnant women.
The adsorbents, the most famous representative of which are activated carbon, are capable of sucking a part of the gas. However, they also should not be abused. With all the seeming safety, drugs can interfere with the absorption of the necessary substances for pregnant women, increase constipation.
To combat constipation use laxatives, not contraindicated in pregnancy. Lactulose – normalizes the intestinal microflora, improves the motility of the large intestine. Bisacodil and sen-based drugs irritate receptors in the intestinal wall and increase mucus production, accelerating peristalsis, however, they are prescribed with caution during pregnancy (if the benefit of the prescription exceeds the risk of illness).
A whole complex of properties necessary for the treatment of increased gas formation during pregnancy has a natural preparation. Iberogast.
Gas formation during pregnancy: successful treatment with Iberogast.
Iberogast is a complex preparation containing nine extracts of medicinal plants. It consists of bitter, angelica, peppermint, celandine, licorice, lemon balm, chamomile, milk thistle and cumin extracts. Due to this balanced composition, the drug is successfully used to eliminate meteorism and related dyspeptic phenomena – heartburn, feelings of overcrowding in the stomach. It has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, action, improves appetite.
Iberian extract bitter, thanks to which the drug got its name, increases the tone of the “weakened” parts of the gastrointestinal tract, affecting the direct cause of increased gas formation during pregnancy. The uniqueness of the drug is that it does not affect the normal intestinal motility, but has a tonic effect with reduced motility.
The important point is that Iberogast components have a complex effect on a number of diseases of the digestive system, leading to an increase in gas formation during pregnancy. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, improves digestion, stimulates the production of protective factors of the stomach, relieves spasms. It also has some sedative effect, which is very important during pregnancy.
Iberogast comes in the form of drops and is applied before meals. During pregnancy, it should be taken only after the appointment of the attending physician.
More on Medicinal Plants May Celandine
May celandine – a perennial plant with a height of 30-80 centimeters. The stem is branched, when broken, produces juice that turns orange in the air. Read more
Gases in pregnancy For all
During pregnancy, a woman faces many problems and troubles. Someone goes through all the “charm” of pregnancy, and someone experienced them only once for the entire period. But there is not a single pregnant woman who could say that the whole pregnancy was without delicate situations. One of these disadvantages are gases during pregnancy. They, as a rule, do not represent dangers, but cause a feeling of awkwardness in the future mother.
Flatulence in pregnant women
Flatulence is an increase in flatulence, resulting in bloating, an almost constant desire to “release” gases, rumbling, belching and a feeling of overcrowding. Often, flatulence is accompanied by pain in the abdomen, up to spastic – gas colic. In advanced cases of flatulence can lead to the threat of abortion. Most often it occurs in the second or third trimester of pregnancy, when the size of the uterus is already quite large.
Causes of increased gas formation in pregnant women
- lack of enzymes, which leads to the fact that a large amount of undigested food enters the large intestine, where it undergoes fermentation and rotting processes;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, duodenitis, gastric ulcer, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, gallbladder stones, hepatitis), as well as improper and unbalanced nutrition;
- violation of intestinal microbiocenosis – dysbacteriosis.
- progesterone, which is synthesized during pregnancy, relaxes all internal organs, primarily the uterus, and the intestines are not overlooked;
- the pregnant uterus presses the loops of the large intestine.
All these factors make the intestine lazy, its peristalsis is weakened.
Measures to combat increased gas formation
First, in no case can one eat while standing or on the move, as a result, one can choke on food or air, which will create an “air pocket” in the intestines, with characteristic pain. Secondly, it is necessary to eat calmly, without worry and anxiety, because it can lead to swallowing air. Thirdly, it is necessary to clearly separate the foods that can be eaten and which cause flatulence.
Diet with increased gas production
First of all, it is necessary to divide the daily ration into four to five meals. Portions should be small, sufficient only to satisfy hunger, and not overeating. Exclude products that contribute to increased gas formation. These include: peas, beans, grapes, cabbage, pickled vegetables, pickles, onions, garlic, sweet dishes, soft drinks, rye bread, kvass, fried foods. Add dairy products to the diet, such as kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt. They contain lactobacilli that help eliminate the formation of excess gases. You can and should eat cottage cheese daily. It will help not only in the fight against flatulence, but also is a source of calcium, so necessary during pregnancy.
Other measures to combat increased gas production
It will help long walks in the fresh air, at least one hour. Perfectly stimulates the intestines swimming, but only in the pool. Special gymnastics for the intestines, which must be carried out daily. With a strong swelling you can help yourself. A simple exercise is done: stroke the stomach clockwise for ten to fifteen minutes, then turn to the left side, slightly raise the leg and release the gases.
Good help with flatulence decoctions of the following herbs: dandelion root, valerian root, parsley seeds, dill seeds, fennel, mint, sweet clover. Take one tablespoon (for roots and leaves) or one teaspoon (for seeds) of the proposed plants, brew with one glass of boiling water, leave for four to five hours, covered with a lid. Take on an empty stomach one hour before meals three times a day. You can take and drug carminatives that are harmless during pregnancy. These are: espumizan and simethicone. Chamomile tea is also effective at increased gas generation. You can take it two cups a day (weak).