Monthly at early pregnancy
Can they go during pregnancy?
Not. Monthly can go only non-pregnant women.
In pregnant women, the level of hCG and prolactin increases in the blood, and because of these hormones, the body switches to a different “mode” of work. In this new “mode” in the ovaries, the oocytes cease to mature and hormones are not produced as they were before.
As a result of all these changes, the uterus also begins to work in a new way: now it has the task to protect the unborn child. The uterus stops the growth and rejection of the endometrium, which are responsible for the onset of menstruation in each month. The menstrual cycle stops and menstruation does not occur.
I am pregnant, but I have a period – what does it mean?
As mentioned above, pregnant women can not go monthly. But instead they may appear bloody vaginal discharge, reminiscent of menstruation. Such discharge can go as abundantly as monthly and last as many days as it may mislead you. Nearly one in four pregnant women may develop bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy.
How to distinguish regular menstruation from bleeding during pregnancy?
The difficulty lies in the fact that bleeding can come on the same days when menstruation should begin, can be the same as during menstruation, and even last as many days as menstruation. Therefore, if you had unprotected sexual intercourse, or errors in taking birth control pills, the arrival of menstruation on the scheduled days is not a guarantee that you are not pregnant. In any case, you need to do a pregnancy test.
This time the periods were not the same as usual. Does this mean I’m pregnant?
If you live sexually, and especially not protected, then any change in the nature of menstruation may indicate that you are pregnant. The probability of pregnancy is quite high if:
- Monthly arrived earlier by 2-7 days than scheduled
- Menstruations were not as abundant as usual (fewer washers left)
- Menstruation had an unusual color (pink, light brown, brown, black)
- Monthly lasted less days than usual
Important: interrupted sexual intercourse, when the partner does not wear a condom, but before ejaculation removes the sexual organ from the vagina, is not a reliable means of protection from pregnancy and is equal to unprotected sex. That is, you can become pregnant as a result of PPA.
The pregnancy test shows two strips, but my monthly period came. What does it mean?
If the test shows two strips or a blood test for hCG confirmed pregnancy, then there is a pregnancy and the appearance of smears still does not cancel the test or test results.
Every fourth woman in the early stages of pregnancy appear bloody discharge from the vagina. In about half of these women, bleeding does not threaten pregnancy and does not suggest that something is wrong. But in the other half, bleeding is a sign of ectopic pregnancy or missed abortion and miscarriage. That is why you need to carefully consider these secretions and consult a gynecologist to make sure everything is in order.
When bleeding during pregnancy is not dangerous?
Spotting in the early stages of pregnancy is not as rare as it may seem at first glance. Many women turn to a gynecologist about this. Sometimes these secretions do not threaten pregnancy and are associated with changes in the body during pregnancy:
- Implant bleeding
- Spotting associated with sexual intercourse
- Spotting associated with examination by a gynecologist
What is implant bleeding?
Implant bleeding occurs in approximately 20-30% of pregnant women. Implantation is the process of attaching an embryo to the wall of the uterus.
In the process of implantation, the blood vessels of the uterus can be damaged, which leads to the appearance of spotting vaginal discharge of varying degrees of intensity. Sometimes it’s just a few pink spots on the panties, sometimes it’s dark spotting that lasts for several days.
When does implantation bleeding appear?
Implant bleeding may appear 7-14 days after conception. Most bloody discharge appears a few days before the expected menstruation, but can appear on days when menstruation should come, and even after a delay of menstruation in a few days.
I have scant spotting, and now I feel that my period must come
If you are planning a pregnancy and suspect that bleeding may be implant bleeding, then do not worry if you have symptoms of the onset of menstruation (pulling pain in the lower abdomen, swelling of the chest). The early signs of pregnancy are very similar to the early signs of menstruation, so you still have a chance to be pregnant. To find out for sure if there is a pregnancy, take a blood test for hCG. This analysis can be taken 11 days after unprotected intercourse. But a pregnancy test here will not help – it is too early to do it.
I am pregnant and after sex I had menstruation (bloody, brown discharge). Is it dangerous?
Classic sex during pregnancy is not dangerous and can not cause miscarriage. However, after sexual intercourse, you may experience a brownish discharge.
This discharge is due to the fact that the vagina and cervix are much more abundantly supplied with blood during pregnancy. Because of the increased blood flow, the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix becomes more sensitive to various stimuli, including sex. As a result of minor and non-hazardous damage to the mucous membrane, you may experience bleeding after intercourse. As a rule, such secretions are not dangerous, and yet, you need to consult a gynecologist.
What should be done in this situation?
If you have spotting during sex, then you should stop having sex and refrain from sex until you go to a gynecologist. Resume sex life will be possible if your gynecologist does not detect any abnormalities.
Use the pads: they will help you understand how much blood has come out of the vagina and determine the color of the blood. Your gynecologist will definitely take an interest in these moments and it will be very good if you can answer his questions.
Do not use tampons and do not insert anything into the vagina at all.
Contact your doctor immediately if, in addition to bleeding, you have lower abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, dizziness or fainting, as well as discharge with clots or pieces of tissue.
I am pregnant and after examining the gynecologist, I had menstrual periods (spotting). Is it dangerous?
Examination in the gynecological chair, and especially the collection of smears during the examination, can easily provoke bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy. As a rule, these secretions are not dangerous.
What should be done in this situation?
Refrain from sex for the time of these secretions and do not use tampons. If the bleeding is scarce (enough daily pads) and last no more than 2 days, then everything is in order. For any other changes, consult your doctor.
I am pregnant, but I have a bloody discharge with an unpleasant odor. What is it?
An unpleasant smell in the discharge is always a sign of inflammation. The inflamed mucous membrane of the vagina or cervix is easily damaged, resulting in pink or brown discharge. Be sure to consult a doctor and pass a smear on the flora. Any inflammatory diseases during pregnancy can threaten the health of your unborn baby.
When can spotting threaten pregnancy?
Seek immediate medical attention if:
- bleeding accompanied by severe lower abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
- bleeding is bright red or scarlet
- spotting come out with lumps or pieces of tissue
- you had a faint, or you have a headache, weakness, dizziness, your skin turned pale and the pulse increased
The above symptoms in early pregnancy can talk about serious conditions: ectopic pregnancy, gallbladder or miscarriage.
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
In ectopic pregnancy, the fetus does not develop in the uterus, as expected, but in other organs. Most often, it is the fallopian tube, but also the fetus can attach to the cervix, ovary, or peritoneum. According to statistics, every 60 pregnancies are ectopic. On our site there is an article dedicated to ectopic pregnancy and its treatment.
Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy:
- appearance of bloody vaginal discharge
- acute pain in the abdomen or in the side
- fainting, headache, paleness of the skin and rapid pulse are signs of internal bleeding
- nausea, vomiting
What should be done in this situation?
Seek medical attention immediately or call an ambulance.
What is a miscarriage?
Miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion, or spontaneous abortion. Approximately 15-20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage for up to 12 weeks. Symptoms of miscarriage:
- bleeding from the vagina
- cramping pain in the lower abdomen (usually stronger than during menstruation)
- vaginal discharge in the form of lumps or pieces of tissue
Most miscarriages cannot be prevented. Miscarriage – is the body’s reaction to an abnormal pregnancy, or to stop the development of the fetus. (missed abortion). Miscarriage does not mean that you are not healthy or that you will not be able to have children in the future. The most common cause of miscarriage is fetal abnormality. That is, the body gets rid of the fetus, which will die sooner or later, or has already died.
What should be done in this situation?
Seek medical attention immediately or call an ambulance.
What is a bubble skid?
Bladder dislocation is a dangerous complication of pregnancy, in which there is no embryo in the uterus, or only certain embryo tissues are present. The cystic skid may degenerate into a malignant tumor, chorionepithelioma, dangerous to the life of a woman.
Bladder skid is the rarest cause of bleeding during pregnancy (approximately 1 in 1,200 pregnancies is complicated by blistering). Often a bubble skid develops in women over 35 years old, and in women over 40 years the risk of blistering increases by 5-10 times. However, no one is immune from blistering and therefore you should always be alert.
Symptoms of blistering:
- Discharge of mucus plug
What are the discharge from the vagina before pregnancy and during pregnancy
Discharge from the vagina of any woman, even those who have not yet had sexual intercourse, are a kind of indicator of the health of her sexual sphere. If the woman is healthy, the discharge is transparent or faded – odorless yellow, liquid or mucous.
In the middle of the menstrual cycle, their number increases due to changes in hormone levels during ovulation. With unprotected intercourse, the amount of discharge also increases dramatically. It is impossible to artificially “dry” the vagina, the body itself knows what to do. In addition, an increase in secretions is possible in the first days after conception and in the last days before the birth itself.
During pregnancy, very often, many women experience brown secretions.
Norm brown discharge during pregnancy
Brown discharge during pregnancy is not always a cause for concern. Normally, within 12 days after fertilization, the egg enters the uterus, where it is attached to its wall, and the process of implantation takes place. This period is accompanied by secretions of light brown or pink cream-like consistency. Most women often take them for the onset of menstruation.
However, you should pay attention to the duration and color of the discharge. If they are long (more than a couple of days) and dark brown with the smell of blood, you should contact your gynecologist.
Brown discharge can be observed during the first months of pregnancy in those days when the woman must begin the period of menstruation. This spotting is light brown. This process is caused by hormonal changes in the woman’s body, and most often such discharges are not accompanied by pain or discomfort, but you should be warned to your gynecologist who accompanies the pregnancy.
Dangerous brown discharge in early pregnancy
During pregnancy, the fertilized egg descends through the fallopian tube into the uterus and is attached to its wall. But in 2% of cases the fertilized egg is fastened not in the uterus, but outside. In most cases, this happens in the tube, but it is very rare that an egg can develop in the abdominal cavity, ovary or cervix.
The most important thing is that the signs of ectopic pregnancy are the same as those of a normal pregnancy: menstruation stops, toxicosis appears, and mammary glands increase. The pregnancy test also shows the cherished two strips, and the blood test for hCG also shows the presence of pregnancy.
Determine that ectopic pregnancy is possible only according to the first ultrasound (ultrasound). From the fourth week of pregnancy, the doctor may not yet see the embryo, but a number of points may alert him: the small size of the uterus, thickening of the tube and other indirect signs of ectopic pregnancy, from the sixth week the doctor can already see the embryo.
However, if there are all signs of pregnancy, and there are brown discharge, sharp pains and cramps occur in the lower abdomen, which are increasing, the probability of ectopic pregnancy is high. With an ultrasound, the doctor can see where the egg is, and if the test shows the presence of pregnancy, the doctor will not only look at the uterus, but also those areas where ectopic pregnancy can develop.
With an ectopic pregnancy, unfortunately, surgery is necessary, and the embryo with an ectopic pregnancy has no chance of survival. The sooner such a pregnancy is determined, the higher the probability of a fallopian tube retention. If the embryo is large, remove the tube.
Sometimes the embryo is too large, it can break it. Therefore, if an ectopic pregnancy is suspected, an urgent need is to consult a gynecologist, since self-diagnosis and self-treatment in this case are simply impossible.
Women at risk of developing an ectopic pregnancy have previously had abdominal surgery, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, inflammation and infection of the internal genital organs, chronic endometriosis, and insufficient female hormone estrogen production. If a woman knows what is at risk, you need to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible and have an ultrasound scan done.
Spontaneous abortion threat (miscarriage)
With the threat of spontaneous abortion (that’s what doctors call a miscarriage), brown vaginal discharge is one of the signs. Miscarriage occurs before the twentieth week of pregnancy and occurs for a number of reasons:
- The presence of diseases of the urogenital sphere of an infectious or inflammatory nature (pyelonephritis, endometriosis, toxoplasmosis, etc.);
- Interruption of previous pregnancies (especially the first);
- Hard physical work pregnant;
- Rhesus-conflict of mother and fetus (“negative” mother and “positive” fetus);
- Genetic disorders.
In the uterus, the fertilized egg already attached to its wall exfoliates, causing bloody discharge. To brown discharge, a woman may experience pitting pains in the lower abdomen, dizziness and vomiting. In such cases, an urgent hospitalization of the woman is necessary.
First of all, drug treatment will be aimed at preserving pregnancy, and a woman is prescribed strict bed rest in a hospital. In critical cases, when the threat of miscarriage cannot be avoided, early scraping of the walls of the uterus is performed.
In later periods, miscarriage actually occurs as a childbirth, a woman is given injections of drugs that stimulate uterine contraction or undergo surgery. In any case, if a pregnant woman has a dark-brown discharge, spasmodic pain in the lower abdomen, an ambulance should be called in and hospitalized.
Brown discharge in early and late pregnancy
Presence of the disease
Not infrequently, both in the early and in the later stages of pregnancy, one can observe brown discharge in the case of a disease of the internal genital organs of a woman. Such secretions may be accompanied by cervical erosion. Unfortunately, the idea that pregnancy saves a woman from women’s diseases is far from the truth. A body weakened by pregnancy, on the contrary, is more exposed to various negative factors.
Cervical erosion is the appearance of one or several small wounds on the mucosal surface. The causes of this disease are several:
- Due to sexually transmitted diseases.
- Inflammations of the female genital organs, in particular the vagina.
- In case of traumatization (abortion, childbirth, sexual intercourse with the use of brute force, etc.).
Usually it is asymptomatic and has no particular effect on the course of pregnancy, as well as the birth process itself. One of its symptoms may be the same brown discharge. In this case, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, who will select a gentle treatment that does not harm the fetus. But it must be remembered that after the birth of a child, erosion treatment must be continued, since the presence of this disease increases the risk of developing cervical cancer.
Another disease in which there may be a brown discharge is uterine fibroids. Although myoma is a benign tumor, it can put pressure on a growing pregnancy and provoke a miscarriage. Myoma is not a contraindication of pregnancy, although it is much more difficult to get pregnant with myoma.
A pregnant woman, in the history of which before pregnancy was fibroid, must be registered as early as possible in the antenatal clinic and follow all the prescriptions of the doctors. In cases of a large tumor, a woman is sent to a hospital where she is under constant medical supervision.
This can happen in the period from conception to the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy. The danger is that in the early stages, when the woman still does not feel the impulses of the baby, the missed abortion may not be felt for a long time. A frozen fetus, which is in the uterus for a long time, causes intoxication of the body and, as a result, DIC is very dangerous for a woman – a syndrome (deseminated intravascular coagulation).
Symptoms of missed abortion can be: frequent brown discharge with mucus, fever, vomiting, loss of consciousness. On ultrasound, the doctor finds a discrepancy between the size of the uterus and cardiac arrest of the fetus.
In this case, the woman is sent to a hospital and medically causes a contraction of the uterus (artificially induced labor). Unfortunately, the future child’s life cannot be saved.
This anomaly is a rare occurrence. Its frequency is 1: 2000. When fully diseased, the embryo contains a double set of father chromosomes and does not contain the mother chromosomes. When not complete – contains a set of mother’s chromosomes and a double set of the father’s chromosomes. Naturally, with this disease, pregnancy does not bear.
For a woman signs of blistering may be periodic brown or red discharge, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention. The blood test for hCG is significantly higher than during normal pregnancy. The doctor may also see a bubble skid on the ultrasound scan. In this case, curettage of the uterine cavity is performed in order to remove pathological tissue and for an average of six months the woman is under the control of doctors and undergoes a blood test for hCG.
It is negative indicators of the level of hCG allow to draw conclusions about the absence of pathological tissue. Cystic skid does not affect the subsequent pregnancy, subject to a fully completed examination and observation by a doctor.
Late brown highlighting
Sexual contact, vaginal ultrasound
If the gynecologist who accompanies the pregnancy does not prohibit sex in the third trimester, then after intercourse, slight light brown or pink discharge can be observed. This suggests that the cervix is possibly injured. The cervix, in preparation for future childbirth, becomes loose, subject to any influence. Sexual intercourse or vaginal ultrasound prescribed by a doctor can trigger such a discharge.
In the normal state, the placenta is located in the upper sections of the uterus. When applied, it is located at the bottom and may overlap the uterus shed. This position of the placenta causes significant harm to the health of the mother and fetus. Gas exchange is disturbed, which causes hypoxia (lack of oxygen) in the fetus, improper location of the fetus, causing complications of labor. For the mother, placenta previa is dangerous anemia, low blood pressure.
Particularly complex forms of presentation can provoke premature labor and surgery to remove the uterus.
Symptoms of presentation are abundant brown discharge with the presence of blood odor or bleeding, accompanied by anemia and a decrease in pressure. Possible profuse lump bleeding. Prelude diagnosed by inspection and ultrasound. A woman with a similar diagnosis is sent to the hospital, where they produce drug treatment and control of pregnancy. Based on the complexity of the disease, the doctor may decide on the stimulation of labor before the time limit, or caesarean section.
Discharge of mucus plug
Two to three weeks before the due date of labor, a woman can observe vaginal discharge. Their color can be different, from pink to dark brown. This is not a disease or pathology. This is the discharge of mucus plug and suggests that childbirth will begin soon. In this case, do not panic, but call your doctor and report this information. The doctor will tell you what to do next.
In any case, if a pregnant woman noticed vaginal discharge, yellow, pink, brown, and at the same time experiencing discomfort, pulling pain in the lower abdomen, you should not tempt fate. It is imperative to call an ambulance and wait for her to arrive in a prone position with her legs raised high. You must comply with all the requirements of doctors and timely pass the necessary examinations. You should not risk your health and life of the future baby.