Dog lovers know that their pets can not only bring joy when communicating, but also require care and care. Pets, as well as people, suffer from various diseases. Paraanal glands in dogs are a frequent problem. The owners need to know what can cause their inflammation and how to cope with it.
What it is?
All animals have such glands, dogs of this kind are no exception. On the sides of the anus are small sacs filled with a special secret with a pungent smell.
These are the same glands as sweat or sebaceous, only the secretions from them are sharper and have a light brown color. In the wild, animals mark their territory with this secret, scaring off enemies. If the dog lives in an apartment, then the need for paraanal glands disappears, the secret begins to stagnate there, and inflammation begins as a result.
Pathogenesis of the disease
Inflammation of the paraanal glands in dogs occurs gradually. In the normal state in these bags the liquid is watery. When diarrhea or a violation of the muscle tone of the anal sphincter disrupts the process of secretion, sometimes there is a complete cessation.
Stagnation leads to the fact that the secret becomes thick. Gradually, as it accumulates, the sacs increase in size and clog the para-anal glands in dogs.
If no action is taken, then gland rupture may occur. When a bacterial infection also joins, the inflammatory process can be both upward and downward, with ulcers and fistulas forming on the skin of the animal.
Causes of inflammation
Animals that live on the street practically do not suffer from this problem, but pets for various reasons often give their owners concern about this.
There are several reasons that can trigger this disease:
1. Hereditary factor. Most often such a genetic predisposition exists in small dogs, for example, in pugs and bulldogs. And if the animal also suffers from being overweight, this aggravates the situation.
2. Wrong diet. Often the owners spoil pets with food from their table. It must be borne in mind that an excessive amount of fatty, salty or sweet can lead to blockage of the anal glands.
3. Low physical activity. This is especially true for domestic dogs, which are forced to sit in an apartment all day waiting for their owner.
4. Reduced immunity. It is also the prerogative of domestic animals, unlike their wild relatives.
5. Inattentive owners. Often, the inflammatory process begins because of the carelessness of the host, who did not see the anal glands clogging in time.
One inflammatory process may differ from another, in total there are two forms of this disease:
- Anal gland occlusion. At first, this process does not cause anxiety to the animal, but as the sacks are filled, the dog begins to react painfully to touching the tail.
- Inflammation of the paraanal glands in dogs. Most often begins to develop after the ingress of bacteria into the wound. If the secret does not go outside, then suppuration or abscess occurs, which can break through, and a fistula is formed. If in this situation the animal is not helped, then complications can be fatal.
Symptoms of the disease
When the para-anal glands in dogs begin to clog, it practically does not manifest at all. The animal may experience some discomfort, from which it tries to get rid of itself. And most often at this stage, the secret begins to get thicker, so in the absence of a response from the host, the process of inflammation will only progress over time.
It is necessary to visit a veterinarian without delay if you find the following manifestations in your pet:
- The dog grabs his tail.
- Often licks the anus.
- Pet rotates its tail.
- When you touch the back of the animal feels pain.
- Pain during stool.
- "Riding" on the pope.
- In some cases, the body temperature rises.
A loving owner will always pay attention to the worry of his pet and will do everything to save him from suffering. This is a fairly common problem – inflammation of the para-anal glands in dogs. Treatment is required immediately so as not to bring the case to serious complications and irreversible consequences.
Diagnosis of inflammation
Usually make a diagnosis is not difficult. It is enough for a competent specialist to examine the animal in order to understand the problem. For the appointment of adequate treatment is necessary to conduct functional diagnostics and clinical studies.
During the examination, the doctor must find out the color and consistency of the secret, the presence of smell. If there are streaks of blood and a fetid odor in the discharge, it can be said with precision that the bacteria became the culprits of the para-paralyzed glands in the dogs. Treatment will have to be carried out with the use of antibiotics.
Therapy for inflammation of the anal glands
The treatment of such a disease is usually carried out in several stages:
- Mechanical cleansing of the glands.
- Antibacterial treatment.
- Surgical intervention.
Depending on the severity of the situation, the doctor prescribes treatment. If you notice a health problem at the very beginning, then you can do with cleaning, which is easily carried out at home.
Cleaning paraanal glands in dogs
If you try a little, then this procedure can be easily carried out at home, and not to take your pet to the vet. There are two ways to carry it out. The first is as follows:
- It is necessary to put the dog in the bath, if the pet is small, then you can do with a wash.
- We’ll have to call someone to help, to hold the animal.
- Wear gloves and grope on the sides of the anus gland.
- Take the tail and lift it as high as possible upwards.
- With your free hand, gently squeeze the area on both sides of the anus, while there should be a liquid of unpleasant odor and thick consistency.
During inflammation, the paraanal glands in dogs are enlarged, the photo demonstrates this well, therefore, as a rule, there are no problems with their detection.
The second way to rid your pet of anguish is as follows:
- Again you have to put the dog in the bath.
- Wear gloves and grease the index finger with vaseline oil.
- Then you need to insert a finger into the anus, with the palm should be perpendicular to the floor.
- To grope the gland and press it with the index finger from the inside, and from the outside – with the thumb.
Cleaning the para-anal glands in a dog gives the animal anxiety, so it is necessary that someone supports the pet under the belly.
If you do not purge the anal glands, the secret begins to accumulate, it becomes thick, bacteria actively proliferate in it. So begins the inflammatory process, already on the behavior of the animal can be suspected of its presence:
- The dog constantly gnaws under the tail.
- Often rubs anus on the floor or furniture.
- The anal opening is swollen and red.
- The hair around the glands begins to fade, fall out.
- The skin is noticeable irritation, rash and scratching.
If there are such symptoms, it is urgent to contact the veterinarian. When the diagnosis is confirmed "paraanal gland inflammation" in a dog, the treatment will be more serious than with a normal blockage.
The doctor removes the contents of the glands, treats the skin with an antiseptic and prescribes rectal suppositories. This is more effective than external treatment and pills, although your pet will resist such an intervention.
Everyone knows: if there is no special opening for the removal of fluid, then when the gland is full, it will find a place to exit. The wall breaks, the secret flows out. An abscess is a small opening through which the yellowish fluid all the time flows.
Neighboring tissues start to inflame, hurt, the dog often licks the affected area, bacteria enter the wound and multiply vigorously. All this leads to a sharp deterioration in the well-being of the animal, it becomes sluggish, the temperature rises.
In such a situation, it is urgently necessary to run to the veterinarian, he will show how to clean the para-anal glands in dogs, so as not to allow this, will remove all the pus and treat the wound. If necessary, drainage is established, and candles are also assigned, for example, Proktosedil.
In difficult cases, shows a course of antibiotics to suppress the growth and reproduction of bacteria.
Anal gland removal
The glands are blocked at different rates in dogs. Some people need to clean them every six months, and there are those who will have to resort to this procedure every week. In such situations, veterinarians are advised to carry out the removal of the para-anal glands in the dog in order to avoid relapses.
Often, surgery is indicated for an abscess, especially if the tissue is severely damaged. It is more humane to remove than to treat the disease for a long time and painful for an animal.
The operation for the doctor is simple. Make two incisions slightly higher than the glands, pull them out and cut them off. Since during this operation the rectum and the anus do not hurt, the animal feels the same day as before.
To prevent seams from diverging, the dog must be walked more often, so that she would not tolerate the urge to go to the toilet, and the diet should be replaced with a lighter one.
Any disease is easier to prevent, including inflammation of the para-anal glands in dogs. Treatment is not needed if you follow some simple recommendations:
- Increase the time of walking with the animal. They should become regular; if it is possible to leave the dog in the yard, it is advisable to do it periodically.
- Ensure that the animal empties the bowels and bladder in a timely manner.
- If you do not have enough time to walk with the dog, care for her, then it is better not to have an animal.
- Your pet should be able to frolic with other dogs.
- Regularly conduct antihelminthic therapy.
- Periodically examine the anal glands in the dog.
- Do not overfeed the animal. Obesity has not benefited anyone, including dogs.
If an animal appears in the house, then all care about its health lies on the shoulders of the owner. It, like a small child, constantly needs love and attention to itself. It is advisable before you have a dog, to consult with a veterinarian about all the problems and difficulties with its maintenance. Otherwise, illiteracy and indifference can be costly for your pet.