How fast time flies! Just yesterday, you seem to be discharged from the hospital, and here the baby made the first step. Remember how helpless, unadapted to life your newborn baby seemed. Thoughts about the time when the first tooth cuts through the crumbs, when the child crawls and takes the baby’s first steps, it seemed so far away, unrealizable and as if not about you. And now, after 9-10 months, the baby has already become so mobile that it cannot sit in one place. Then he needs to sit down, then get up, then check for the presence of jars in the closet or look in the bathroom.
The end of the second half of the year is characterized by a special mobility., the desire for independence and the manifestation of the curiosity of the little man. Usually, children at 9-10 months can already crawl quickly enough and gradually move to the next stage of physical development — getting up, walking upright and moving in space in an upright position. Babies 10-14 months old master a whole series of individual skills., being transient and related to changing the way of moving and changing the supporting position (from the position on all fours to the standing position).
First, most of the children work out the technique of getting up and walking along the support, for example, holding onto the side of the crib or playpen. The child gets up on its feet or moves in incremental steps from one edge to the other. Then the children learn to walk in different directions with support, for example, they go forward slowly, holding onto a wheelchair or pushing a stroller in front of them. By the end of the 11th month, most toads are already able to move independently from the support to the support (from the sofa to the chair or from the father to the mother). Most of the kids walk with the help of adults and are already trying to get up on their own. By the year, many children stand up on their feet without support and walk without the help of adults.. Some even run when they are held by the hand. By the age of 14 months, almost all children can freely move from a sitting position to a standing position, step over an obstacle and climb stairs with support, begin to walk on their own, confidently climb onto low chairs and sofas.
Rules for parents If you want to quickly see the first steps of the child, help him learn the technique of walking. What to look for?
1. Readiness. Remember that the development of a new motor skills of the baby should occur gradually. The musculoskeletal system of the child must be sufficiently developed and prepared for the upcoming loads associated with the transition to upright posture. Because it is not necessary to rush things and the kid himself. It is not recommended to train him "pacing"before he crawls his technique to perfection. After all, crawling contributes to the rapid formation and development of all musculoskeletal functions, as well as perfectly develops and strengthens the muscular system.
You should not get involved in the process of walking. Do not forget that for you it is easy and simple, but for your child it is still not very familiar and very difficult.
2. Stimulation and motivation In order to stimulate the desire of the child to walk, it must first be interested. Try to transfer the attention of the baby when he is in a position on all fours, on objects above the level of his eyes. For example, if you see that a child is interested in a toy lying on the floor, slowly move it to a chair or sofa, so that the baby can see how and where you put it. Then, when the crumb gets up and reaches the same height as the toy, move it a little further or place it on the adjacent piece of furniture, prompting the walker" take a few independent steps. You can also create for the baby a kind of auxiliary bridge with railings." from various steady objects: a sofa, a chair, another chair, a bed. First, place them close to each other, so that the child can safely move from one "stations" to the other. Gradually move them away, increasing the stepping distance. At first, be sure to help the baby, try not to allow unnecessary falls, so as not to discourage the crumbs of the desire to get up and walk. Be sure to praise the child for any, even insignificant, success, thereby motivating him to further exploits. In no case do not scold for failure and excessive caution!
3 Imitation While walking, pay attention of the child to people walking or, better, by running without additional support. Although it sounds a bit strange, in practice it is rather difficult to find examples of such "high speed" (moving independently and quickly). Usually, people make fairly short walks during the day — from home to a bus stop or car, driving a stroller, sitting on benches or walking around, holding hands. But so to go with a view and in a straight line. Being at home, we generally make a minimum of movements. Because more often go out with the baby in the park or visit the stadium at a nearby school, where you can meet a lot of people walking and running. Be sure to comment on what you see: "Man goes", "The boy is running".
four. "I myself!" If possible, do not use aids that create only the visible effect of learning to walk, such as walkers. Spending a long time in them, your baby may refuse to continue to develop self-walking, where it will take great effort.
Also, do not get carried away with walking exercises with support under the arms. This increases the risk of deformation of children’s legs and feet. In addition, both options can contribute to the development of incorrect posture in the child and the displacement of the center of gravity. The safest and most recommended pediatric aids are "leash" or "rein". You can also use various wheelchairs with handles and other rolling objects, holding onto which your baby stays upright and moves himself. The best way to support is for the hand and forearm of the hands or for one arm, as well as for a piece of clothing (for example, a hood). At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the baby does not roll forward and does not bend the back.
five. Useful game I think everyone will agree that it is almost impossible to keep a curious and energetic little year-old in one place. Therefore, it is recommended to convert all physical and developmental exercises into an unobtrusive game. After all, there are so many interesting things around! Use your imagination to interest the baby to play. Fascinated by something unusual, he will not notice that he performs a complex of health gymnastics. Let’s give the kid fascinating, but simple tasks: "Let’s go see that car". "Let’s go count the ducks in the pond". Thus, your baby will receive not only physical activity, but will actively develop intellectually.
6 Sit less During the walk, do not abuse the seat of the baby in the stroller. Try to use it only as a transport or bed while your child is sleeping. Children whose mobility is not limited, usually learn to walk and run faster. Be sure to bring with you interesting items for the crumbs. For example, toys on wheels with a long handle that you need to carry in front of you. Many children, regardless of gender, love to carry their own stroller or small toy in front of them.
7 Walking barefoot Until the child starts to walk confidently and how to stand on his feet, you should not wear shoes, as this may affect the formation of the correct bending of the foot. At home, the baby should walk only barefoot or in special socks with a rubberized sole, which, in turn, will serve as prevention of flatfoot.
eight. Attitude towards falls When a crumb begins to take its first steps, be sure to secure it, do not go far, keep it in sight all the time. But, unfortunately, in spite of your substituted hands and all-seeing eyes, numerous falls and bumps are inevitable at first. Humble, fall is an integral part of the process of learning to walk. Therefore, do not be afraid, and even less to limit the baby in motion. You can not cry out at every timid step: "Caution! Do not fall". "Do not go, you will break!" Your fears are transmitted to the children, and from your screams they are even more doubtful of the correctness of their actions and also begin to be afraid to walk on their own. You should also not pull up and sharply grab the baby during the fall, so you can cause him even more harm.
9. freedom of choice Give your child maximum freedom of movement, let him decide for himself what and how to do. Encourage the child’s desire to climb, to overcome obstacles, even if after falls he tries to get up, rising from different positions. Remember that a child’s body needs a much greater variety of movements than an adult. Try with your child to climb and get off the various slides, stairs, benches. Come up with homework "obstacle course"consisting of pillows, rollers, rugs and other improvised barriers. Let your peanut more often climbs onto a sofa or chair, climbs over the armrests and placed pillows. Make sure that he came down with them carefully and legs down.
ten. Security When giving your child freedom of movement, do not forget to provide him with adequate safety. Carefully inspect your home. There should be no dangerous items around the baby: furniture with sharp corners, easily beaten and heavy objects, sliding and creased rugs. The baby should have enough space for free and unrestricted movement. Use specially designed designs to ensure safety in the house (soft corners on the edges of furniture, door locks).
Important nuances Observe the mode of learning to walk, kids get tired very quickly, start to act up. Carefully track signs of overwork and put the baby in time for day or night sleep. Due to an increase in motor activity, wakefulness periods may be reduced, and rest periods become more frequent. Do gymnastics Allocate time for gymnastics, which will strengthen the child’s musculoskeletal system, which has not yet fully strengthened. After all, the muscles and joints, whose work is connected with upright walking, experience a new, unusually large load. Regularly perform exercises that strengthen the entire muscle corset baby. Remember about the massage! Follow the deadlines The physical development of each child occurs on an individual schedule. However, if a child aged 10-11 months does not attempt or cannot sit on his own (crawl, stand up), then a doctor should be consulted. Such a delay is possibly related to rickets.